E.g., 09/22/2017
E.g., 09/22/2017

State Income Data - CA

California

Income & Poverty
2015
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

10,583,907
Below 100% of the poverty level 17.0%
100-199% of the poverty level 24.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 59.0%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 7.8%
% change: 1990-2000 35.4%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 15.9%
With related children under age 18
21.4%
With related children under age 5
14.2%
Married-couple families 11.6%
With related children under age 18
14.9%
With related children under age 5
9.2%
Families with female householder, no husband present 31.9%
With related children under age 18
43.4%
With related children under age 5
37.0%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 5,277,074
Below 100% of the poverty level
10.8%
100-199% of the poverty level
18.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
70.7%
Noncitizens 5,306,833
Below 100% of the poverty level
23.2%
100-199% of the poverty level
29.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
47.4%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa 185,548
Below 100% of the poverty level
17.2%
Born in Asia 4,086,146
Below 100% of the poverty level
13.0%
Born in Europe 671,661
Below 100% of the poverty level
9.9%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5,428,368
Below 100% of the poverty level
21.2%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 136,286
Below 100% of the poverty level
10.2%
Born in Oceania 75,684
Below 100% of the poverty level
9.6%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 27,814,150
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.7%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 67.9%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 35.4%
% change: 1990-2000 32.3%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 8.5%
With related children under age 18
13.6%
With related children under age 5
13.8%
Married-couple families 3.6%
With related children under age 18
5.0%
With related children under age 5
4.4%
Families with female householder, no husband present 23.4%
With related children under age 18
33.1%
With related children under age 5
39.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 8,827,024
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 25.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 55.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 24,360,815
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 71.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 6,318,742
Below 100% of the poverty level 19.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 26.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 54.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 22,607,323
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 15.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 74.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 35,927,399
Below 100% of the poverty level 5,342,303
Speaks only English
19,858,342
Below 100% of the poverty level 2,361,877
Speaks Spanish
10,472,120
Below 100% of the poverty level 2,253,129
Speaks other Indo-European languages
1,612,208
Below 100% of the poverty level 187,708
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
3,606,071
Below 100% of the poverty level 455,069
Speaks other languages
378,658
Below 100% of the poverty level 84,520
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.9%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.9%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 21.5%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.6%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.6%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 22.3%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 4,431,306
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 2.0%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 5.3%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 21.0%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 16.4%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 16.9%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 15.7%
Earned $75,000 or more 22.7%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 2,331,605
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
3.3%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
13.0%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
14.2%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
18.2%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
20.2%
Earned $75,000 or more
29.6%
Noncitizens (%) 2,099,701
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.6%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
7.6%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
29.9%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
18.8%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
15.4%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
10.7%
Earned $75,000 or more
15.1%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $40,317
Female $36,229
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$51,741
Female
$44,106
Noncitizens  
Male
$31,089
Female
$25,452
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 7,906,264
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.7%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.0%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 11.5%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 12.9%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 17.2%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 21.7%
Earned $75,000 or more 32.0%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $57,013
Female $47,742
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $55,039
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $66,352
Noncitizens $42,838
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $70,104
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 47.5%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 61.9%
Noncitizens 27.5%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 56.6%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 10,614,595
With health insurance 83.3%
With private health insurance
52.7%
With public coverage
36.7%
No health insurance coverage 16.7%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 5,280,216
With health insurance 94.2%
With private health insurance
63.6%
With public coverage
40.4%
No health insurance coverage 5.8%
Noncitizens (%) 5,334,379
With health insurance 72.6%
With private health insurance
41.9%
With public coverage
33.0%
No health insurance coverage 27.4%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 28,035,026
With health insurance 94.5%
With private health insurance
66.2%
With public coverage
38.4%
No health insurance coverage 5.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.