E.g., 09/30/2016
E.g., 09/30/2016

State Income Data - CA

California

Income & Poverty
2014
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

10,413,527
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 24.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 57.0%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2014 13.0%
% change: 1990-2000 35.4%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 17.1%
With related children under age 18
23.3%
With related children under age 5
16.4%
Married-couple families 12.6%
With related children under age 18
16.6%
With related children under age 5
9.9%
Families with female householder, no husband present 33.2%
With related children under age 18
45.6%
With related children under age 5
40.8%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 5,116,813
Below 100% of the poverty level
11.0%
100-199% of the poverty level
19.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
69.7%
Noncitizens 5,296,714
Below 100% of the poverty level
24.9%
100-199% of the poverty level
30.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
44.8%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa 168,625
Below 100% of the poverty level
16.9%
Born in Asia 3,938,404
Below 100% of the poverty level
13.4%
Born in Europe 664,453
Below 100% of the poverty level
10.6%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5,433,075
Below 100% of the poverty level
22.7%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 137,637
Below 100% of the poverty level
10.4%
Born in Oceania 71,226
Below 100% of the poverty level
11.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 27,646,701
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 66.5%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 44.6%
% change: 1990-2000 32.3%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 9.2%
With related children under age 18
14.5%
With related children under age 5
13.6%
Married-couple families 4.0%
With related children under age 18
5.5%
With related children under age 5
4.4%
Families with female householder, no husband present 24.9%
With related children under age 18
34.3%
With related children under age 5
36.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 8,827,024
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 25.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 55.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 24,360,815
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 71.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 6,318,742
Below 100% of the poverty level 19.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 26.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 54.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 22,607,323
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 15.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 74.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 35,588,411
Below 100% of the poverty level 5,680,948
Speaks only English
19,901,355
Below 100% of the poverty level 2,536,798
Speaks Spanish
10,271,203
Below 100% of the poverty level 2,407,333
Speaks other Indo-European languages
1,580,337
Below 100% of the poverty level 200,110
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
3,482,853
Below 100% of the poverty level 458,836
Speaks other languages
352,663
Below 100% of the poverty level 77,871
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.0%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.7%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 23.4%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.7%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.2%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 22.1%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 4,272,071
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 2.3%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 6.1%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 21.2%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 16.3%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 16.8%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 15.7%
Earned $75,000 or more 21.6%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 2,244,041
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.6%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
3.5%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
12.8%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
14.7%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
18.7%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
20.4%
Earned $75,000 or more
28.3%
Noncitizens (%) 2,028,030
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.9%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
9.0%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
30.4%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
18.2%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
14.7%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
10.6%
Earned $75,000 or more
14.2%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $38,993
Female $35,609
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$51,270
Female
$43,000
Noncitizens  
Male
$30,420
Female
$24,374
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 7,658,463
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.8%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.1%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 11.4%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 12.5%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 17.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 21.9%
Earned $75,000 or more 31.6%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $57,486
Female $46,873
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $52,357
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $64,642
Noncitizens $40,796
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $66,944
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 47.6%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 62.1%
Noncitizens 27.9%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 56.7%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 10,435,908
With health insurance 77.4%
With private health insurance
51.0%
With public coverage
31.9%
No health insurance coverage 22.6%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 5,116,759
With health insurance 90.4%
With private health insurance
63.1%
With public coverage
36.5%
No health insurance coverage 9.6%
Noncitizens (%) 5,319,149
With health insurance 64.8%
With private health insurance
39.4%
With public coverage
27.5%
No health insurance coverage 35.2%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 27,861,549
With health insurance 91.4%
With private health insurance
65.8%
With public coverage
35.2%
No health insurance coverage 8.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2014 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.