E.g., 06/25/2017
E.g., 06/25/2017

State Demographics Data - WA

Washington

Demographics & Social
2015
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 980,158
% Foreign Born 13.7%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 59.5%
% change: 1990-2000 90.7%
Race (%)  
One race 97.9%
White
39.9%
Black or African American
4.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
39.0%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
1.1%
Other race
12.8%
Two or more races 2.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 294,059
% Latino 30.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.8%
5-17 5.4%
18-64 80.4%
65 and older 13.4%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

42.1
Gender (% female) 51.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 23.6%
Married 61.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 15.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 6,190,193
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 17.2%
% change: 1990-2000 16.2%
Race (%)  
One race 93.9%
White 82.8%
Black or African American 3.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native 1.4%
Asian 3.0%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.6%
Other race 2.7%
Two or more races 6.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 592,360
% Latino 9.6%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.1%
5-17 18.0%
18-64 60.3%
65 and older 14.6%
Median Age 36.3
Gender (% female) 49.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 32.7%
Married 48.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.1%
Foreign Born
Number 614,457
% Foreign Born 10.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 5,279,664
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 322,144
% Foreign Born 6.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 4,544,548
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

980,158
Born in Africa 49,226
Born in Asia 415,838
Born in Europe 151,086
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 302,575
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 43,474
Born in Oceania 17,959
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 Vietnam
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

980,158
Europe 151,086
Northern Europe 31,899
United Kingdom
21,927
Ireland
2,392
Other Northern Europe
7,580
Western Europe 28,126
France
4,507
Germany
17,553
Other Western Europe
6,066
Southern Europe 6,228
Italy
2,230
Portugal
699
Other Southern Europe
3,299
Eastern Europe 84,533
Poland
3,600
Russia
15,821
Other Eastern Europe
65,112
Other Europe (no country specified) 300
Asia 415,838
Eastern Asia 152,338
China
85,145

China, excluding Taiwan

71,508

Taiwan

13,637
Japan
18,506
Korea
48,170
Other Eastern Asia
517
South Central Asia 87,640
India
63,443
Iran
7,083
Other South Central Asia
17,114
Southeastern Asia 158,553
Philippines
69,782
Vietnam
49,420
Other Southeastern Asia
39,351
Western Asia 16,504
Israel
2,444
Lebanon
1,884
Other Western Asia
12,176
Other Asia (no country specified) 803
Africa 49,226
Eastern Africa 32,100
Northern Africa
6,281
Western Africa
6,593
Middle and Southern Africa
3,051
Other Africa (no country specified)
1,201
Oceania 17,959
Australia and New Zealand subregion 6,147
Oceania (no country specified) 11,812
Americas 346,049
Latin America 302,575
Caribbean
7,289

Cuba

1,515

Jamaica

1,726

Other Caribbean

4,048
Central America
275,244

Mexico

240,584

El Salvador

14,531

Other Central America

20,129
South America
20,042

Brazil

4,411

Colombia

3,753

Other South America

11,878
Northern America 43,474
Canada
43,341
Other Northern America
133
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 280,512
1990-1999 249,747
2000-2009 278,046
Since 2010 171,853
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 5.0%
Born in Asia 42.4%
Born in Europe 15.4%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 30.9%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4.4%
Born in Oceania 1.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 25.6%
Country #2 7.4%
Country #3 6.0%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 15.4%
Northern Europe 3.3%
United Kingdom 2.2%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.8%
Western Europe 2.9%
France 0.5%
Germany 1.8%
Other Western Europe 0.6%
Southern Europe 0.6%
Italy 0.2%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 8.6%
Poland 0.4%
Russia 1.6%
Other Eastern Europe 6.6%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 42.4%
Eastern Asia 15.5%
China 8.7%
China, excluding Taiwan 7.3%
Taiwan 1.4%
Japan 1.9%
Korea 4.9%
Other Eastern Asia 0.1%
South Central Asia 8.9%
India 6.5%
Iran 0.7%
Other South Central Asia 1.7%
Southeastern Asia 16.2%
Philippines 7.1%
Vietnam 5.0%
Other Southeastern Asia 4.0%
Western Asia 1.7%
Israel 0.2%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 1.2%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 5.0%
Eastern Africa 3.3%
Northern Africa 0.6%
Western Africa 0.7%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.3%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.1%
Oceania 1.8%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.6%
Oceania (no country specified) 1.2%
Americas 35.3%
Latin America 30.9%
Caribbean 0.7%
Cuba 0.2%
Jamaica 0.2%
Other Caribbean 0.4%
Central America 28.1%
Mexico 24.5%
El Salvador 1.5%
Other Central America 2.1%
South America 2.0%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 0.4%
Other South America 1.2%
Northern America 4.4%
Canada 4.4%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 28.6%
1980-1989 25.5%
1990-1999 28.4%
Since 2000 17.5%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 614,457
Born in Africa 18,775
Born in Asia 239,748
Born in Europe 126,270
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 173,870
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 47,687
Cat28 8,064
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 Philippines
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.1%
Born in Asia 39.0%
Born in Europe 20.5%
Born in Latin America 28.3%
Born in Northern America 7.8%
Born in Oceania 1.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 24.1%
Country #2 7.7%
Country #3 7.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 312,701
Born in Africa 4,366
Born in Asia 126,076
Born in Europe 76,021
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 57,824
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 44,376
Cat21 4,038
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 Philippines
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.4%
Born in Asia 40.3%
Born in Europe 24.3%
Born in Latin America 18.5%
Born in Northern America 14.2%
Born in Oceania 1.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 14.3%
Country #2 13.7%
Country #3 8.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 980,158
Naturalized citizens 458,313
Noncitizens 521,845
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 458,313
Before 1980 56,390
1980-1989 54,957
1990-1999 96,973
2000-2009 156,919
Since 2010 93,074
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.8%
Noncitizens 53.2%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 12.3%
1980-1989 12.0%
1990-1999 21.2%
2000-2009 34.2%
Since 2010 20.3%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 614,457
Naturalized citizens 257,648
Noncitizens 356,809
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 41.9%
Noncitizens 58.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 322,144
Naturalized citizens 149,256
Noncitizens 172,888
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.3%
Noncitizens 53.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 306,925
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 20,785
% married among women who gave birth
81.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
18.9%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,391,006
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 65,883
% married among women who gave birth 68.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 31.8%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.17
Average family size 3.66
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.47
Average family size 3.02
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,535,153
Only native parent(s)
1,096,194
One or more foreign-born parents
438,959

Child is native

388,738

Child is foreign born

50,221
Children under age 6 with 514,720
Only native parent(s)
362,837
One or more foreign-born parents
151,883

Child is native

143,121

Child is foreign born

8,762
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,020,433
Only native parent(s)
733,357
One or more foreign-born parents
287,076

Child is native

245,617

Child is foreign born

41,459
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

561,650
Only native parents 350,687
One or more foreign-born parents 210,963
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 71.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.6%
Child is native 25.3%
Child is foreign born 3.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.5%
Child is native 27.8%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 71.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.1%
Child is native 24.1%
Child is foreign born 4.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 62.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 37.6%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,452,674
Only native parent(s) 1,180,229
One or more foreign-born parents 272,445
Child is native 208,179
Child is foreign born 64,266
Children under age 6 with 460,921
Only native parent(s) 365,381
One or more foreign-born parents 95,540
Child is native 85,431
Child is foreign born 10,109
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 991,753
Only native parent(s) 814,848
One or more foreign-born parents 176,905
Child is native 122,748
Child is foreign born 54,157
Children in Low-Income Families* 471,491
Only native parents 341,612
One or more foreign-born parents 129,879
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 81.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.8%
Child is native 14.3%
Child is foreign born 4.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 79.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.7%
Child is native 18.5%
Child is foreign born 2.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 82.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 17.8%
Child is native 12.4%
Child is foreign born 5.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,212,507
Only native parent(s) 1,076,463
One or more foreign-born parents 136,044
Child is native 107,229
Child is foreign born 28,815
Children under age 6 with 430,722
Only native parent(s) 381,720
One or more foreign-born parents 49,002
Child is native 44,010
Child is foreign born 4,992
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 781,785
Only native parent(s) 694,743
One or more foreign-born parents 87,042
Child is native 63,219
Child is foreign born 23,823
Children in Low-Income Families* 418,011
Only native parents 355,044
One or more foreign-born parents 62,967
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.2%
Child is native 8.8%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.4%
Child is native 10.2%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.1%
Child is native 8.1%
Child is foreign born 3.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.1%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.