E.g., 12/02/2016
E.g., 12/02/2016

State Demographics Data - WA

Washington

Demographics & Social
2014
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 944,746
% Foreign Born 13.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2014 53.8%
% change: 1990-2000 90.7%
Race (%)  
One race 97.9%
White
42.0%
Black or African American
5.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
38.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.9%
Other race
10.9%
Two or more races 2.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 274,903
% Latino 29.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.9%
5-17 6.1%
18-64 80.1%
65 and older 12.9%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

41.4
Gender (% female) 51.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.0%
Married 61.1%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 6,116,784
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 15.9%
% change: 1990-2000 16.2%
Race (%)  
One race 94.1%
White 83.2%
Black or African American 3.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native 1.5%
Asian 3.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.6%
Other race 2.4%
Two or more races 5.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 583,875
% Latino 9.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.1%
5-17 18.0%
18-64 60.6%
65 and older 14.2%
Median Age 36.3
Gender (% female) 49.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 32.2%
Married 48.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.3%
Foreign Born
Number 614,457
% Foreign Born 10.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 5,279,664
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 322,144
% Foreign Born 6.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 4,544,548
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

944,746
Born in Africa 51,754
Born in Asia 395,144
Born in Europe 154,723
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 282,923
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 44,954
Born in Oceania 15,248
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 Vietnam
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

944,746
Europe 154,723
Northern Europe 27,912
United Kingdom
18,152
Ireland
2,504
Other Northern Europe
7,256
Western Europe 31,001
France
4,620
Germany
19,067
Other Western Europe
7,314
Southern Europe 3,670
Italy
1,236
Portugal
152
Other Southern Europe
2,282
Eastern Europe 92,024
Poland
4,815
Russia
19,321
Other Eastern Europe
67,888
Other Europe (no country specified) 116
Asia 395,144
Eastern Asia 134,923
China
70,841

China, excluding Taiwan

58,075

Taiwan

12,766
Japan
17,430
Korea
46,076
Other Eastern Asia
576
South Central Asia 88,422
India
63,562
Iran
6,693
Other South Central Asia
18,167
Southeastern Asia 153,166
Philippines
58,383
Vietnam
57,223
Other Southeastern Asia
37,560
Western Asia 17,332
Israel
1,859
Lebanon
2,066
Other Western Asia
13,407
Other Asia (no country specified) 1,301
Africa 51,754
Eastern Africa 33,787
Northern Africa
4,796
Western Africa
6,899
Middle and Southern Africa
3,728
Other Africa (no country specified)
2,544
Oceania 15,248
Australia and New Zealand subregion 5,490
Oceania (no country specified) 9,758
Americas 327,877
Latin America 282,923
Caribbean
5,428

Cuba

975

Jamaica

1,128

Other Caribbean

3,325
Central America
257,163

Mexico

227,695

El Salvador

10,218

Other Central America

19,250
South America
20,332

Brazil

2,572

Colombia

4,687

Other South America

13,073
Northern America 44,954
Canada
44,898
Other Northern America
56
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 274,954
1990-1999 246,498
2000-2009 282,894
Since 2010 140,400
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 5.5%
Born in Asia 41.8%
Born in Europe 16.4%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 29.9%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4.8%
Born in Oceania 1.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 25.6%
Country #2 7.4%
Country #3 6.0%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 16.4%
Northern Europe 3.0%
United Kingdom 1.9%
Ireland 0.3%
Other Northern Europe 0.8%
Western Europe 3.3%
France 0.5%
Germany 2.0%
Other Western Europe 0.8%
Southern Europe 0.4%
Italy 0.1%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.2%
Eastern Europe 9.7%
Poland 0.5%
Russia 2.0%
Other Eastern Europe 7.2%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 41.8%
Eastern Asia 14.3%
China 7.5%
China, excluding Taiwan 6.1%
Taiwan 1.4%
Japan 1.8%
Korea 4.9%
Other Eastern Asia 0.1%
South Central Asia 9.4%
India 6.7%
Iran 0.7%
Other South Central Asia 1.9%
Southeastern Asia 16.2%
Philippines 6.2%
Vietnam 6.1%
Other Southeastern Asia 4.0%
Western Asia 1.8%
Israel 0.2%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 1.4%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 5.5%
Eastern Africa 3.6%
Northern Africa 0.5%
Western Africa 0.7%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.4%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 1.6%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.6%
Oceania (no country specified) 1.0%
Americas 34.7%
Latin America 29.9%
Caribbean 0.6%
Cuba 0.1%
Jamaica 0.1%
Other Caribbean 0.4%
Central America 27.2%
Mexico 24.1%
El Salvador 1.1%
Other Central America 2.0%
South America 2.2%
Brazil 0.3%
Colombia 0.5%
Other South America 1.4%
Northern America 4.8%
Canada 4.8%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 29.1%
1980-1989 26.1%
1990-1999 29.9%
Since 2000 14.9%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 614,457
Born in Africa 18,775
Born in Asia 239,748
Born in Europe 126,270
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 173,870
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 47,687
Cat28 8,064
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 Philippines
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.1%
Born in Asia 39.0%
Born in Europe 20.5%
Born in Latin America 28.3%
Born in Northern America 7.8%
Born in Oceania 1.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 24.1%
Country #2 7.7%
Country #3 7.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 312,701
Born in Africa 4,366
Born in Asia 126,076
Born in Europe 76,021
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 57,824
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 44,376
Cat21 4,038
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 Philippines
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.4%
Born in Asia 40.3%
Born in Europe 24.3%
Born in Latin America 18.5%
Born in Northern America 14.2%
Born in Oceania 1.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 14.3%
Country #2 13.7%
Country #3 8.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 944,746
Naturalized citizens 437,379
Noncitizens 507,367
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 437,379
Before 1980 54,549
1980-1989 54,316
1990-1999 96,440
2000-2009 153,057
Since 2010 79,017
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.3%
Noncitizens 53.7%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 12.5%
1980-1989 12.4%
1990-1999 22.0%
2000-2009 35.0%
Since 2010 18.1%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 614,457
Naturalized citizens 257,648
Noncitizens 356,809
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 41.9%
Noncitizens 58.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 322,144
Naturalized citizens 149,256
Noncitizens 172,888
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.3%
Noncitizens 53.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 296,550
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 18,781
% married among women who gave birth
84.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
15.9%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,374,911
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 68,627
% married among women who gave birth 66.8%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 33.2%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.20
Average family size 3.74
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.48
Average family size 3.05
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,526,063
Only native parent(s)
1,119,288
One or more foreign-born parents
406,775

Child is native

354,335

Child is foreign born

52,440
Children under age 6 with 515,953
Only native parent(s)
378,955
One or more foreign-born parents
136,998

Child is native

128,122

Child is foreign born

8,876
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,010,110
Only native parent(s)
740,333
One or more foreign-born parents
269,777

Child is native

226,213

Child is foreign born

43,564
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

577,536
Only native parents 374,547
One or more foreign-born parents 202,989
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.7%
Child is native 23.2%
Child is foreign born 3.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.6%
Child is native 24.8%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.7%
Child is native 22.4%
Child is foreign born 4.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 64.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 35.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,452,674
Only native parent(s) 1,180,229
One or more foreign-born parents 272,445
Child is native 208,179
Child is foreign born 64,266
Children under age 6 with 460,921
Only native parent(s) 365,381
One or more foreign-born parents 95,540
Child is native 85,431
Child is foreign born 10,109
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 991,753
Only native parent(s) 814,848
One or more foreign-born parents 176,905
Child is native 122,748
Child is foreign born 54,157
Children in Low-Income Families* 471,491
Only native parents 341,612
One or more foreign-born parents 129,879
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 81.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.8%
Child is native 14.3%
Child is foreign born 4.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 79.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.7%
Child is native 18.5%
Child is foreign born 2.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 82.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 17.8%
Child is native 12.4%
Child is foreign born 5.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,212,507
Only native parent(s) 1,076,463
One or more foreign-born parents 136,044
Child is native 107,229
Child is foreign born 28,815
Children under age 6 with 430,722
Only native parent(s) 381,720
One or more foreign-born parents 49,002
Child is native 44,010
Child is foreign born 4,992
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 781,785
Only native parent(s) 694,743
One or more foreign-born parents 87,042
Child is native 63,219
Child is foreign born 23,823
Children in Low-Income Families* 418,011
Only native parents 355,044
One or more foreign-born parents 62,967
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.2%
Child is native 8.8%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.4%
Child is native 10.2%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.1%
Child is native 8.1%
Child is foreign born 3.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.1%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2014 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.