E.g., 03/27/2017
E.g., 03/27/2017

State Demographics Data - VA

Virginia

Demographics & Social
2015
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 1,018,626
% Foreign Born 12.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 78.6%
% change: 1990-2000 82.9%
Race (%)  
One race 96.6%
White
39.3%
Black or African American
11.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.2%
Asian
35.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
10.1%
Two or more races 3.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 330,111
% Latino 32.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.8%
5-17 6.0%
18-64 81.6%
65 and older 11.6%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

41.9
Gender (% female) 52.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 25.1%
Married 60.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.3%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 7,364,367
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 13.2%
% change: 1990-2000 10.8%
Race (%)  
One race 96.4%
White 72.2%
Black or African American 20.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 2.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 1.4%
Two or more races 3.6%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 423,242
% Latino 5.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.8%
5-17 17.6%
18-64 61.0%
65 and older 14.5%
Median Age 36.6
Gender (% female) 50.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 33.6%
Married 47.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.2%
Foreign Born
Number 570,279
% Foreign Born 8.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 6,508,236
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 311,809
% Foreign Born 5.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 5,875,549
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

1,018,626
Born in Africa 106,191
Born in Asia 427,515
Born in Europe 102,976
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 364,550
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 14,964
Born in Oceania 2,430
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 El Salvador
Country #2 India
Country #3 Mexico
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

1,018,626
Europe 102,976
Northern Europe 25,955
United Kingdom
19,606
Ireland
2,896
Other Northern Europe
3,453
Western Europe 29,664
France
3,801
Germany
19,564
Other Western Europe
6,299
Southern Europe 12,260
Italy
4,545
Portugal
1,562
Other Southern Europe
6,153
Eastern Europe 34,178
Poland
3,114
Russia
8,263
Other Eastern Europe
22,801
Other Europe (no country specified) 919
Asia 427,515
Eastern Asia 116,224
China
51,160

China, excluding Taiwan

42,890

Taiwan

8,270
Japan
8,035
Korea
53,660
Other Eastern Asia
3,369
South Central Asia 159,483
India
81,867
Iran
13,841
Other South Central Asia
63,775
Southeastern Asia 121,344
Philippines
52,388
Vietnam
46,359
Other Southeastern Asia
22,597
Western Asia 29,174
Israel
1,525
Lebanon
3,377
Other Western Asia
24,272
Other Asia (no country specified) 1,290
Africa 106,191
Eastern Africa 45,756
Northern Africa
21,333
Western Africa
27,967
Middle and Southern Africa
8,909
Other Africa (no country specified)
2,226
Oceania 2,430
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,978
Oceania (no country specified) 452
Americas 379,514
Latin America 364,550
Caribbean
36,109

Cuba

6,720

Jamaica

9,747

Other Caribbean

19,642
Central America
230,446

Mexico

57,991

El Salvador

104,633

Other Central America

67,822
South America
97,995

Brazil

6,688

Colombia

11,879

Other South America

79,428
Northern America 14,964
Canada
14,834
Other Northern America
130
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 282,800
1990-1999 233,492
2000-2009 316,838
Since 2010 185,496
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 10.4%
Born in Asia 42.0%
Born in Europe 10.1%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 35.8%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.5%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 9.3%
Country #2 7.5%
Country #3 6.3%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 10.1%
Northern Europe 2.5%
United Kingdom 1.9%
Ireland 0.3%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 2.9%
France 0.4%
Germany 1.9%
Other Western Europe 0.6%
Southern Europe 1.2%
Italy 0.4%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 0.6%
Eastern Europe 3.4%
Poland 0.3%
Russia 0.8%
Other Eastern Europe 2.2%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.1%
Asia 42.0%
Eastern Asia 11.4%
China 5.0%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.2%
Taiwan 0.8%
Japan 0.8%
Korea 5.3%
Other Eastern Asia 0.3%
South Central Asia 15.7%
India 8.0%
Iran 1.4%
Other South Central Asia 6.3%
Southeastern Asia 11.9%
Philippines 5.1%
Vietnam 4.6%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.2%
Western Asia 2.9%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 2.4%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 10.4%
Eastern Africa 4.5%
Northern Africa 2.1%
Western Africa 2.7%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.9%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.2%
Oceania 0.2%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 37.3%
Latin America 35.8%
Caribbean 3.5%
Cuba 0.7%
Jamaica 1.0%
Other Caribbean 1.9%
Central America 22.6%
Mexico 5.7%
El Salvador 10.3%
Other Central America 6.7%
South America 9.6%
Brazil 0.7%
Colombia 1.2%
Other South America 7.8%
Northern America 1.5%
Canada 1.5%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 27.8%
1980-1989 22.9%
1990-1999 31.1%
Since 2000 18.2%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 570,279
Born in Africa 42,509
Born in Asia 235,374
Born in Europe 86,612
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 189,809
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 13,160
Cat28 2,807
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 El Salvador
Country #2 Korea
Country #3 Philippines
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 7.5%
Born in Asia 41.3%
Born in Europe 15.2%
Born in Latin America 33.3%
Born in Northern America 2.3%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 9.6%
Country #2 6.5%
Country #3 6.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 299,626
Born in Africa 13,220
Born in Asia 134,526
Born in Europe 64,759
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 75,309
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 9,765
Cat21 2,047
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Korea
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 El Salvador
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.4%
Born in Asia 44.9%
Born in Europe 21.6%
Born in Latin America 25.1%
Born in Northern America 3.3%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 7.6%
Country #2 7.3%
Country #3 6.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,018,626
Naturalized citizens 519,086
Noncitizens 499,540
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 519,086
Before 1980 48,545
1980-1989 57,036
1990-1999 109,421
2000-2009 185,401
Since 2010 118,683
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 51.0%
Noncitizens 49.0%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 9.4%
1980-1989 11.0%
1990-1999 21.1%
2000-2009 35.7%
Since 2010 22.9%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 570,279
Naturalized citizens 232,767
Noncitizens 337,512
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.8%
Noncitizens 59.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 311,809
Naturalized citizens 125,653
Noncitizens 186,156
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.3%
Noncitizens 59.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 331,609
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 22,107
% married among women who gave birth
77.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
22.8%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,704,153
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 80,763
% married among women who gave birth 67.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 32.6%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.35
Average family size 3.76
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.51
Average family size 3.10
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,777,624
Only native parent(s)
1,367,334
One or more foreign-born parents
410,290

Child is native

353,933

Child is foreign born

56,357
Children under age 6 with 592,924
Only native parent(s)
450,706
One or more foreign-born parents
142,218

Child is native

133,815

Child is foreign born

8,403
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,184,700
Only native parent(s)
916,628
One or more foreign-born parents
268,072

Child is native

220,118

Child is foreign born

47,954
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

571,727
Only native parents 433,552
One or more foreign-born parents 138,175
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 76.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.1%
Child is native 19.9%
Child is foreign born 3.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 76.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.0%
Child is native 22.6%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 77.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.6%
Child is native 18.6%
Child is foreign born 4.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 75.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,652,809
Only native parent(s) 1,435,457
One or more foreign-born parents 217,352
Child is native 170,358
Child is foreign born 46,994
Children under age 6 with 535,315
Only native parent(s) 457,468
One or more foreign-born parents 77,847
Child is native 70,642
Child is foreign born 7,205
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,117,494
Only native parent(s) 977,989
One or more foreign-born parents 139,505
Child is native 99,716
Child is foreign born 39,789
Children in Low-Income Families* 505,017
Only native parents 439,775
One or more foreign-born parents 65,242
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.2%
Child is native 10.3%
Child is foreign born 2.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.5%
Child is native 13.2%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.5%
Child is native 8.9%
Child is foreign born 3.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 87.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,443,150
Only native parent(s) 1,317,669
One or more foreign-born parents 125,481
Child is native 95,772
Child is foreign born 29,709
Children under age 6 with 511,476
Only native parent(s) 467,343
One or more foreign-born parents 44,133
Child is native 39,459
Child is foreign born 4,674
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 931,674
Only native parent(s) 850,326
One or more foreign-born parents 81,348
Child is native 56,313
Child is foreign born 25,035
Children in Low-Income Families* 466,167
Only native parents 431,436
One or more foreign-born parents 34,731
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.7%
Child is native 6.6%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.6%
Child is native 7.7%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.7%
Child is native 6.0%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 92.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.5%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.