E.g., 02/14/2016
E.g., 02/14/2016

State Demographics Data - VA

Virginia

Demographics & Social
2014
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 1,005,620
% Foreign Born 12.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2014 76.3%
% change: 1990-2000 82.9%
Race (%)  
One race 96.9%
White
41.4%
Black or African American
11.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
35.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
8.8%
Two or more races 3.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 332,221
% Latino 33.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.9%
5-17 6.5%
18-64 81.3%
65 and older 11.3%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

41.1
Gender (% female) 52.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 25.6%
Married 60.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.1%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 7,320,669
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 12.5%
% change: 1990-2000 10.8%
Race (%)  
One race 96.7%
White 72.7%
Black or African American 20.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 2.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 1.2%
Two or more races 3.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 399,750
% Latino 5.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.8%
5-17 17.7%
18-64 61.4%
65 and older 14.1%
Median Age 36.7
Gender (% female) 50.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 33.0%
Married 48.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.8%
Foreign Born
Number 570,279
% Foreign Born 8.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 6,508,236
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 311,809
% Foreign Born 5.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 5,875,549
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

1,005,620
Born in Africa 104,991
Born in Asia 421,461
Born in Europe 100,138
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 361,237
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 14,503
Born in Oceania 3,290
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 El Salvador
Country #2 India
Country #3 Mexico
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

1,005,620
Europe 100,138
Northern Europe 25,428
United Kingdom
20,806
Ireland
1,728
Other Northern Europe
2,894
Western Europe 25,882
France
5,358
Germany
16,513
Other Western Europe
4,011
Southern Europe 11,702
Italy
5,325
Portugal
1,724
Other Southern Europe
4,653
Eastern Europe 36,989
Poland
2,734
Russia
9,463
Other Eastern Europe
24,792
Other Europe (no country specified) 137
Asia 421,461
Eastern Asia 106,203
China
45,602

China, excluding Taiwan

37,836

Taiwan

7,766
Japan
7,738
Korea
50,661
Other Eastern Asia
2,202
South Central Asia 162,239
India
79,595
Iran
16,630
Other South Central Asia
66,014
Southeastern Asia 116,607
Philippines
51,764
Vietnam
46,376
Other Southeastern Asia
18,467
Western Asia 35,045
Israel
1,913
Lebanon
3,868
Other Western Asia
29,264
Other Asia (no country specified) 1,367
Africa 104,991
Eastern Africa 38,054
Northern Africa
20,266
Western Africa
33,986
Middle and Southern Africa
8,480
Other Africa (no country specified)
4,205
Oceania 3,290
Australia and New Zealand subregion 2,962
Oceania (no country specified) 328
Americas 375,740
Latin America 361,237
Caribbean
37,522

Cuba

8,706

Jamaica

8,031

Other Caribbean

20,785
Central America
235,297

Mexico

53,645

El Salvador

106,841

Other Central America

74,811
South America
88,418

Brazil

5,103

Colombia

11,915

Other South America

71,400
Northern America 14,503
Canada
14,060
Other Northern America
443
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 279,225
1990-1999 241,856
2000-2009 336,439
Since 2010 148,100
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 10.4%
Born in Asia 41.9%
Born in Europe 10.0%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 35.9%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.4%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 9.3%
Country #2 7.5%
Country #3 6.3%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 10.0%
Northern Europe 2.5%
United Kingdom 2.1%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 2.6%
France 0.5%
Germany 1.6%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 1.2%
Italy 0.5%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 0.5%
Eastern Europe 3.7%
Poland 0.3%
Russia 0.9%
Other Eastern Europe 2.5%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 41.9%
Eastern Asia 10.6%
China 4.5%
China, excluding Taiwan 3.8%
Taiwan 0.8%
Japan 0.8%
Korea 5.0%
Other Eastern Asia 0.2%
South Central Asia 16.1%
India 7.9%
Iran 1.7%
Other South Central Asia 6.6%
Southeastern Asia 11.6%
Philippines 5.1%
Vietnam 4.6%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.8%
Western Asia 3.5%
Israel 0.2%
Lebanon 0.4%
Other Western Asia 2.9%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 10.4%
Eastern Africa 3.8%
Northern Africa 2.0%
Western Africa 3.4%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.8%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.4%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 37.4%
Latin America 35.9%
Caribbean 3.7%
Cuba 0.9%
Jamaica 0.8%
Other Caribbean 2.1%
Central America 23.4%
Mexico 5.3%
El Salvador 10.6%
Other Central America 7.4%
South America 8.8%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 1.2%
Other South America 7.1%
Northern America 1.4%
Canada 1.4%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 27.8%
1980-1989 24.1%
1990-1999 33.5%
Since 2000 14.7%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 570,279
Born in Africa 42,509
Born in Asia 235,374
Born in Europe 86,612
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 189,809
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 13,160
Cat28 2,807
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 El Salvador
Country #2 Korea
Country #3 Philippines
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 7.5%
Born in Asia 41.3%
Born in Europe 15.2%
Born in Latin America 33.3%
Born in Northern America 2.3%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 9.6%
Country #2 6.5%
Country #3 6.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 299,626
Born in Africa 13,220
Born in Asia 134,526
Born in Europe 64,759
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 75,309
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 9,765
Cat21 2,047
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Korea
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 El Salvador
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.4%
Born in Asia 44.9%
Born in Europe 21.6%
Born in Latin America 25.1%
Born in Northern America 3.3%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 7.6%
Country #2 7.3%
Country #3 6.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,005,620
Naturalized citizens 496,809
Noncitizens 508,811
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 496,809
Before 1980 47,725
1980-1989 62,358
1990-1999 108,724
2000-2009 179,418
Since 2010 98,584
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 49.4%
Noncitizens 50.6%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 9.6%
1980-1989 12.6%
1990-1999 21.9%
2000-2009 36.1%
Since 2010 19.8%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 570,279
Naturalized citizens 232,767
Noncitizens 337,512
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.8%
Noncitizens 59.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 311,809
Naturalized citizens 125,653
Noncitizens 186,156
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.3%
Noncitizens 59.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 330,488
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 24,273
% married among women who gave birth
80.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
19.9%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,713,331
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 88,950
% married among women who gave birth 68.7%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 31.3%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.34
Average family size 3.77
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.52
Average family size 3.09
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,780,359
Only native parent(s)
1,384,342
One or more foreign-born parents
396,017

Child is native

334,667

Child is foreign born

61,350
Children under age 6 with 588,500
Only native parent(s)
452,774
One or more foreign-born parents
135,726

Child is native

125,930

Child is foreign born

9,796
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,191,859
Only native parent(s)
931,568
One or more foreign-born parents
260,291

Child is native

208,737

Child is foreign born

51,554
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

603,258
Only native parents 453,686
One or more foreign-born parents 149,572
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 77.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.2%
Child is native 18.8%
Child is foreign born 3.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 76.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.1%
Child is native 21.4%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 78.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 21.8%
Child is native 17.5%
Child is foreign born 4.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 75.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,652,809
Only native parent(s) 1,435,457
One or more foreign-born parents 217,352
Child is native 170,358
Child is foreign born 46,994
Children under age 6 with 535,315
Only native parent(s) 457,468
One or more foreign-born parents 77,847
Child is native 70,642
Child is foreign born 7,205
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,117,494
Only native parent(s) 977,989
One or more foreign-born parents 139,505
Child is native 99,716
Child is foreign born 39,789
Children in Low-Income Families* 505,017
Only native parents 439,775
One or more foreign-born parents 65,242
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.2%
Child is native 10.3%
Child is foreign born 2.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.5%
Child is native 13.2%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.5%
Child is native 8.9%
Child is foreign born 3.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 87.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,443,150
Only native parent(s) 1,317,669
One or more foreign-born parents 125,481
Child is native 95,772
Child is foreign born 29,709
Children under age 6 with 511,476
Only native parent(s) 467,343
One or more foreign-born parents 44,133
Child is native 39,459
Child is foreign born 4,674
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 931,674
Only native parent(s) 850,326
One or more foreign-born parents 81,348
Child is native 56,313
Child is foreign born 25,035
Children in Low-Income Families* 466,167
Only native parents 431,436
One or more foreign-born parents 34,731
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.7%
Child is native 6.6%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.6%
Child is native 7.7%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.7%
Child is native 6.0%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 92.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.5%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2014 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.