E.g., 08/28/2015
E.g., 08/28/2015

State Demographics Data - TX

Texas

Demographics & Social
2013
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 4,369,271
% Foreign Born 16.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2013 50.7%
% change: 1990-2000 90.2%
Race (%)  
One race 98.4%
White
62.1%
Black or African American
4.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
17.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
14.3%
Two or more races 1.6%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 3,034,569
% Latino 69.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.6%
5-17 6.3%
18-64 83.3%
65 and older 9.8%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

41.2
Gender (% female) 49.4%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 23.4%
Married 61.9%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.7%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 22,078,922
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 23.0%
% change: 1990-2000 16.1%
Race (%)  
One race 97.4%
White 77.6%
Black or African American 13.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.5%
Asian 1.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 4.4%
Two or more races 2.6%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 7,119,836
% Latino 32.2%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 8.6%
5-17 21.9%
18-64 58.0%
65 and older 11.5%
Median Age 31.4
Gender (% female) 50.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 34.3%
Married 46.0%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.7%
Foreign Born
Number 2,899,642
% Foreign Born 13.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 17,952,178
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 1,524,436
% Foreign Born 9.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 15,462,074
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

4,369,271
Born in Africa 164,756
Born in Asia 850,444
Born in Europe 186,310
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,107,687
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 50,657
Born in Oceania 9,417
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 El Salvador
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

4,369,271
Europe 186,310
Northern Europe 60,932
United Kingdom
52,024
Ireland
2,432
Other Northern Europe
6,476
Western Europe 57,902
France
9,681
Germany
38,239
Other Western Europe
9,982
Southern Europe 16,441
Italy
6,404
Portugal
1,622
Other Southern Europe
8,415
Eastern Europe 50,658
Poland
6,233
Russia
14,971
Other Eastern Europe
29,454
Other Europe (no country specified) 377
Asia 850,444
Eastern Asia 181,563
China
118,423

China, excluding Taiwan

90,163

Taiwan

28,260
Japan
12,423
Korea
50,717
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 299,753
India
190,070
Iran
25,600
Other South Central Asia
84,083
Southeastern Asia 314,015
Philippines
91,530
Vietnam
161,520
Other Southeastern Asia
60,965
Western Asia 52,611
Israel
3,712
Lebanon
8,046
Other Western Asia
40,853
Other Asia (no country specified) 2,502
Africa 164,756
Eastern Africa 43,548
Northern Africa
19,665
Western Africa
62,166
Middle and Southern Africa
24,817
Other Africa (no country specified)
14,560
Oceania 9,417
Australia and New Zealand subregion 6,843
Oceania (no country specified) 2,574
Americas 3,158,344
Latin America 3,107,687
Caribbean
70,163

Cuba

28,298

Jamaica

9,650

Other Caribbean

32,215
Central America
2,904,967

Mexico

2,534,445

El Salvador

189,814

Other Central America

180,708
South America
132,557

Brazil

14,639

Colombia

36,178

Other South America

81,740
Northern America 50,657
Canada
50,484
Other Northern America
173
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 1,423,262
1990-1999 1,161,889
2000-2009 1,364,280
Since 2010 419,840
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 3.8%
Born in Asia 19.5%
Born in Europe 4.3%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 71.1%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.2%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 58.5%
Country #2 4.2%
Country #3 4.1%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 4.3%
Northern Europe 1.4%
United Kingdom 1.2%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.1%
Western Europe 1.3%
France 0.2%
Germany 0.9%
Other Western Europe 0.2%
Southern Europe 0.4%
Italy 0.1%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.2%
Eastern Europe 1.2%
Poland 0.1%
Russia 0.3%
Other Eastern Europe 0.7%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 19.5%
Eastern Asia 4.2%
China 2.7%
China, excluding Taiwan 2.1%
Taiwan 0.6%
Japan 0.3%
Korea 1.2%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 6.9%
India 4.4%
Iran 0.6%
Other South Central Asia 1.9%
Southeastern Asia 7.2%
Philippines 2.1%
Vietnam 3.7%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.4%
Western Asia 1.2%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 0.9%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 3.8%
Eastern Africa 1.0%
Northern Africa 0.5%
Western Africa 1.4%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.6%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 0.2%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 72.3%
Latin America 71.1%
Caribbean 1.6%
Cuba 0.6%
Jamaica 0.2%
Other Caribbean 0.7%
Central America 66.5%
Mexico 58.0%
El Salvador 4.3%
Other Central America 4.1%
South America 3.0%
Brazil 0.3%
Colombia 0.8%
Other South America 1.9%
Northern America 1.2%
Canada 1.2%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 32.6%
1980-1989 26.6%
1990-1999 31.2%
Since 2000 9.6%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 2,899,642
Born in Africa 64,470
Born in Asia 466,218
Born in Europe 152,327
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 2,172,476
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 37,165
Cat28 6,984
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Vietnam
Country #3 El Salvador
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.2%
Born in Asia 16.1%
Born in Europe 5.3%
Born in Latin America 74.9%
Born in Northern America 1.3%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 64.8%
Country #2 3.7%
Country #3 3.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 1,469,947
Born in Africa 27,297
Born in Asia 248,878
Born in Europe 110,391
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,056,946
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 22,404
Cat21 4,031
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Vietnam
Country #3 El Salvador
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.9%
Born in Asia 16.9%
Born in Europe 7.5%
Born in Latin America 71.9%
Born in Northern America 1.5%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 59.4%
Country #2 3.6%
Country #3 3.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 4,369,271
Naturalized citizens 1,491,058
Noncitizens 2,878,213
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 1,491,058
Before 1980 134,107
1980-1989 199,499
1990-1999 362,918
2000-2009 550,120
Since 2010 244,414
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 34.1%
Noncitizens 65.9%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 9.0%
1980-1989 13.4%
1990-1999 24.3%
2000-2009 36.9%
Since 2010 16.4%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 2,899,642
Naturalized citizens 914,326
Noncitizens 1,985,316
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 31.5%
Noncitizens 68.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,524,436
Naturalized citizens 515,190
Noncitizens 1,009,246
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 33.8%
Noncitizens 66.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,398,740
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 94,462
% married among women who gave birth
79.7%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
20.3%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 5,190,144
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 292,617
% married among women who gave birth 60.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 39.1%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.6
Average family size 4.04
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.65
Average family size 3.27
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.

 
Children under age 18 with 6,694,656
Only native parent(s)
4,412,677
One or more foreign-born parents
2,273,800

Child is native

2,002,321

Child is foreign born

271,479
Children under age 6 with 2,250,326
Only native parent(s)
1,505,692
One or more foreign-born parents
742,785

Child is native

707,785

Child is foreign born

35,000
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 4,444,330
Only native parent(s)
2,906,985
One or more foreign-born parents
1,531,015

Child is native

1,294,536

Child is foreign born

236,479
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

3,283,000
Only native parents 1,859,394
One or more foreign-born parents 1,421,549
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 65.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 34.0%
Child is native 29.9%
Child is foreign born 4.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 66.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 33.0%
Child is native 31.5%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 65.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 34.4%
Child is native 29.1%
Child is foreign born 5.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 56.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 43.3%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 5,551,866
Only native parent(s) 4,005,990
One or more foreign-born parents 1,545,876
Child is native 1,244,705
Child is foreign born 301,171
Children under age 6 with 1,836,105
Only native parent(s) 1,295,183
One or more foreign-born parents 540,922
Child is native 493,805
Child is foreign born 47,117
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 3,715,761
Only native parent(s) 2,710,807
One or more foreign-born parents 1,004,954
Child is native 750,900
Child is foreign born 254,054
Children in Low-Income Families* 2,469,015
Only native parents 1,493,005
One or more foreign-born parents 976,010
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.8%
Child is native 22.4%
Child is foreign born 5.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.5%
Child is native 26.9%
Child is foreign born 2.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.0%
Child is native 20.2%
Child is foreign born 6.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 60.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 39.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 4,619,495
Only native parent(s) 3,716,524
One or more foreign-born parents 902,971
Child is native 727,639
Child is foreign born 175,332
Children under age 6 with 1,610,928
Only native parent(s) 1,297,056
One or more foreign-born parents 313,872
Child is native 284,831
Child is foreign born 29,041
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 3,008,567
Only native parent(s) 2,419,468
One or more foreign-born parents 589,099
Child is native 442,808
Child is foreign born 146,291
Children in Low-Income Families* 2,194,541
Only native parents 1,558,028
One or more foreign-born parents 636,513
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.5%
Child is native 15.8%
Child is foreign born 3.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.5%
Child is native 17.7%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.6%
Child is native 14.7%
Child is foreign born 4.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 71.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2013 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2013 ACS, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in the total number of children; the same information is unavailable by parental nativity. This means that the sum of children of natives and children of immigrants (in absolute and percent terms) may be smaller than the total number of children.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.