E.g., 08/29/2016
E.g., 08/29/2016

State Demographics Data - TN

Tennessee

Demographics & Social
2014
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 321,258
% Foreign Born 4.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2014 102.0%
% change: 1990-2000 169.0%
Race (%)  
One race 96.9%
White
49.5%
Black or African American
8.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
22.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.2%
Other race
15.7%
Two or more races 3.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 136,789
% Latino 42.6%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.0%
5-17 8.3%
18-64 80.8%
65 and older 9.8%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

37.8
Gender (% female) 48.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 28.9%
Married 58.1%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 13.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 6,228,094
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 12.6%
% change: 1990-2000 14.8%
Race (%)  
One race 98.0%
White 79.1%
Black or African American 17.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 0.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.8%
Two or more races 2.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 185,550
% Latino 3.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.3%
5-17 17.1%
18-64 61.2%
65 and older 15.3%
Median Age 38.7
Gender (% female) 51.4%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 29.9%
Married 48.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 21.9%
Foreign Born
Number 159,004
% Foreign Born 2.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
U.S. Born
Number 5,530,279
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Foreign Born
Number 59,114
% Foreign Born 1.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 4,818,071
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

321,258
Born in Africa 31,370
Born in Asia 96,817
Born in Europe 33,850
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 149,477
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 7,989
Born in Oceania 1,755
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 Canada
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

321,258
Europe 33,850
Northern Europe 8,861
United Kingdom
7,842
Ireland
502
Other Northern Europe
517
Western Europe 13,202
France
1,388
Germany
9,987
Other Western Europe
1,827
Southern Europe 2,472
Italy
992
Portugal
292
Other Southern Europe
1,188
Eastern Europe 9,159
Poland
1,771
Russia
1,893
Other Eastern Europe
5,495
Other Europe (no country specified) 156
Asia 96,817
Eastern Asia 23,390
China
12,902

China, excluding Taiwan

10,959

Taiwan

1,943
Japan
4,151
Korea
6,337
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 29,104
India
17,588
Iran
4,472
Other South Central Asia
7,044
Southeastern Asia 29,768
Philippines
10,142
Vietnam
9,254
Other Southeastern Asia
10,372
Western Asia 13,841
Israel
180
Lebanon
951
Other Western Asia
12,710
Other Asia (no country specified) 714
Africa 31,370
Eastern Africa 8,418
Northern Africa
10,306
Western Africa
8,218
Middle and Southern Africa
2,608
Other Africa (no country specified)
1,820
Oceania 1,755
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,604
Oceania (no country specified) 151
Americas 157,466
Latin America 149,477
Caribbean
11,474

Cuba

4,284

Jamaica

1,944

Other Caribbean

5,246
Central America
125,787

Mexico

89,820

El Salvador

7,321

Other Central America

28,646
South America
12,216

Brazil

2,548

Colombia

2,748

Other South America

6,920
Northern America 7,989
Canada
7,929
Other Northern America
60
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 69,010
1990-1999 72,310
2000-2009 127,055
Since 2010 52,883
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 9.8%
Born in Asia 30.1%
Born in Europe 10.5%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 46.5%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.5%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 29.8%
Country #2 6.5%
Country #3 3.5%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 10.5%
Northern Europe 2.8%
United Kingdom 2.4%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 4.1%
France 0.4%
Germany 3.1%
Other Western Europe 0.6%
Southern Europe 0.8%
Italy 0.3%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.4%
Eastern Europe 2.9%
Poland 0.6%
Russia 0.6%
Other Eastern Europe 1.7%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 30.1%
Eastern Asia 7.3%
China 4.0%
China, excluding Taiwan 3.4%
Taiwan 0.6%
Japan 1.3%
Korea 2.0%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 9.1%
India 5.5%
Iran 1.4%
Other South Central Asia 2.2%
Southeastern Asia 9.3%
Philippines 3.2%
Vietnam 2.9%
Other Southeastern Asia 3.2%
Western Asia 4.3%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 4.0%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.2%
Africa 9.8%
Eastern Africa 2.6%
Northern Africa 3.2%
Western Africa 2.6%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.8%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.6%
Oceania 0.5%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.5%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 49.0%
Latin America 46.5%
Caribbean 3.6%
Cuba 1.3%
Jamaica 0.6%
Other Caribbean 1.6%
Central America 39.2%
Mexico 28.0%
El Salvador 2.3%
Other Central America 8.9%
South America 3.8%
Brazil 0.8%
Colombia 0.9%
Other South America 2.2%
Northern America 2.5%
Canada 2.5%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 21.5%
1980-1989 22.5%
1990-1999 39.5%
Since 2000 16.5%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 159,004
Born in Africa 8,696
Born in Asia 50,584
Born in Europe 28,117
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 63,484
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 7,194
Cat28 929
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 India
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 5.5%
Born in Asia 31.8%
Born in Europe 17.7%
Born in Latin America 39.9%
Born in Northern America 4.5%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 28.1%
Country #2 5.2%
Country #3 4.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 56,960
Born in Africa 2,690
Born in Asia 24,938
Born in Europe 17,611
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 6,859
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4,296
Cat21 566
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Germany
Country #2 United Kingdom
Country #3 Canada
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.7%
Born in Asia 43.8%
Born in Europe 30.9%
Born in Latin America 12.0%
Born in Northern America 7.5%
Born in Oceania 1.0%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 10.6%
Country #2 7.5%
Country #3 7.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 321,258
Naturalized citizens 115,725
Noncitizens 205,533
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 115,725
Before 1980 16,560
1980-1989 11,936
1990-1999 18,117
2000-2009 43,726
Since 2010 25,386
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 36.0%
Noncitizens 64.0%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 14.3%
1980-1989 10.3%
1990-1999 15.7%
2000-2009 37.8%
Since 2010 21.9%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 159,004
Naturalized citizens 53,185
Noncitizens 105,819
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 33.4%
Noncitizens 66.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 59,114
Naturalized citizens 26,591
Noncitizens 32,523
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.0%
Noncitizens 55.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 102,673
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 10,229
% married among women who gave birth
76.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
23.5%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,467,061
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 70,628
% married among women who gave birth 57.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 42.4%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.31
Average family size 3.88
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.51
Average family size 3.09
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,399,449
Only native parent(s)
1,238,990
One or more foreign-born parents
160,459

Child is native

137,256

Child is foreign born

23,203
Children under age 6 with 454,016
Only native parent(s)
392,116
One or more foreign-born parents
61,900

Child is native

58,495

Child is foreign born

3,405
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 945,433
Only native parent(s)
846,874
One or more foreign-born parents
98,559

Child is native

78,761

Child is foreign born

19,798
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

695,831
Only native parents 593,416
One or more foreign-born parents 102,415
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.5%
Child is native 9.8%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.6%
Child is native 12.9%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.4%
Child is native 8.3%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 85.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.7%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,322,766
Only native parent(s) 1,261,925
One or more foreign-born parents 60,841
Child is native 45,864
Child is foreign born 14,977
Children under age 6 with 425,520
Only native parent(s) 402,583
One or more foreign-born parents 22,937
Child is native 20,656
Child is foreign born 2,281
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 897,246
Only native parent(s) 859,342
One or more foreign-born parents 37,904
Child is native 25,208
Child is foreign born 12,696
Children in Low-Income Families* 529,120
Only native parents 503,623
One or more foreign-born parents 25,497
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.6%
Child is native 3.5%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.4%
Child is native 4.9%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.2%
Child is native 2.8%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 95.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,159,734
Only native parent(s) 1,132,779
One or more foreign-born parents 26,955
Child is native 21,573
Child is foreign born 5,382
Children under age 6 with 385,053
Only native parent(s) 376,143
One or more foreign-born parents 8,910
Child is native 8,109
Child is foreign born 801
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 774,681
Only native parent(s) 756,636
One or more foreign-born parents 18,045
Child is native 13,464
Child is foreign born 4,581
Children in Low-Income Families* 513,462
Only native parents 503,715
One or more foreign-born parents 9,747
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 1.9%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 2.1%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 1.7%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 98.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2014 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.