E.g., 07/24/2017
E.g., 07/24/2017

State Demographics Data - TN

Tennessee

Demographics & Social
2015
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 331,570
% Foreign Born 5.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 108.5%
% change: 1990-2000 169.0%
Race (%)  
One race 97.4%
White
50.6%
Black or African American
9.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.6%
Asian
22.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
13.8%
Two or more races 2.6%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 138,611
% Latino 41.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.3%
5-17 8.0%
18-64 82.2%
65 and older 8.5%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

38.1
Gender (% female) 48.4%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 25.4%
Married 61.1%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 13.5%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 6,268,729
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 13.4%
% change: 1990-2000 14.8%
Race (%)  
One race 97.9%
White 79.1%
Black or African American 17.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 0.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.7%
Two or more races 2.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 194,849
% Latino 3.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.3%
5-17 17.0%
18-64 60.9%
65 and older 15.8%
Median Age 38.7
Gender (% female) 51.4%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 30.4%
Married 47.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 21.9%
Foreign Born
Number 159,004
% Foreign Born 2.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 5,530,279
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 59,114
% Foreign Born 1.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 4,818,071
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

331,513
Born in Africa 37,802
Born in Asia 99,295
Born in Europe 32,053
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 148,207
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 12,783
Born in Oceania 1,373
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 Canada
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

331,513
Europe 32,053
Northern Europe 8,471
United Kingdom
7,553
Ireland
389
Other Northern Europe
529
Western Europe 10,234
France
922
Germany
8,073
Other Western Europe
1,239
Southern Europe 1,441
Italy
558
Portugal
0
Other Southern Europe
883
Eastern Europe 11,907
Poland
678
Russia
2,973
Other Eastern Europe
8,256
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 99,295
Eastern Asia 25,475
China
12,055

China, excluding Taiwan

11,294

Taiwan

761
Japan
3,888
Korea
9,532
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 29,014
India
20,037
Iran
2,212
Other South Central Asia
6,765
Southeastern Asia 30,017
Philippines
10,730
Vietnam
7,722
Other Southeastern Asia
11,565
Western Asia 14,367
Israel
654
Lebanon
347
Other Western Asia
13,366
Other Asia (no country specified) 422
Africa 37,802
Eastern Africa 10,834
Northern Africa
12,861
Western Africa
10,959
Middle and Southern Africa
1,871
Other Africa (no country specified)
1,277
Oceania 1,373
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,076
Oceania (no country specified) 297
Americas 160,990
Latin America 148,207
Caribbean
11,947

Cuba

5,143

Jamaica

1,958

Other Caribbean

4,846
Central America
124,553

Mexico

89,551

El Salvador

8,575

Other Central America

26,427
South America
11,707

Brazil

1,282

Colombia

3,182

Other South America

7,243
Northern America 12,783
Canada
12,611
Other Northern America
172
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 63,331
1990-1999 72,458
2000-2009 120,396
Since 2010 75,385
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 11.4%
Born in Asia 30.0%
Born in Europe 9.7%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 44.7%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3.9%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 29.8%
Country #2 6.5%
Country #3 3.5%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 9.7%
Northern Europe 2.6%
United Kingdom 2.3%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 3.1%
France 0.3%
Germany 2.4%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 0.4%
Italy 0.2%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 3.6%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.9%
Other Eastern Europe 2.5%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 30.0%
Eastern Asia 7.7%
China 3.6%
China, excluding Taiwan 3.4%
Taiwan 0.2%
Japan 1.2%
Korea 2.9%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 8.8%
India 6.0%
Iran 0.7%
Other South Central Asia 2.0%
Southeastern Asia 9.1%
Philippines 3.2%
Vietnam 2.3%
Other Southeastern Asia 3.5%
Western Asia 4.3%
Israel 0.2%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 4.0%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 11.4%
Eastern Africa 3.3%
Northern Africa 3.9%
Western Africa 3.3%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.6%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.4%
Oceania 0.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 48.6%
Latin America 44.7%
Caribbean 3.6%
Cuba 1.6%
Jamaica 0.6%
Other Caribbean 1.5%
Central America 37.6%
Mexico 27.0%
El Salvador 2.6%
Other Central America 8.0%
South America 3.5%
Brazil 0.4%
Colombia 1.0%
Other South America 2.2%
Northern America 3.9%
Canada 3.8%
Other Northern America 0.1%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 19.1%
1980-1989 21.9%
1990-1999 36.3%
Since 2000 22.7%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 159,004
Born in Africa 8,696
Born in Asia 50,584
Born in Europe 28,117
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 63,484
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 7,194
Cat28 929
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 India
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 5.5%
Born in Asia 31.8%
Born in Europe 17.7%
Born in Latin America 39.9%
Born in Northern America 4.5%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 28.1%
Country #2 5.2%
Country #3 4.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 56,960
Born in Africa 2,690
Born in Asia 24,938
Born in Europe 17,611
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 6,859
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4,296
Cat21 566
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Germany
Country #2 United Kingdom
Country #3 Canada
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.7%
Born in Asia 43.8%
Born in Europe 30.9%
Born in Latin America 12.0%
Born in Northern America 7.5%
Born in Oceania 1.0%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 10.6%
Country #2 7.5%
Country #3 7.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 331,570
Naturalized citizens 120,762
Noncitizens 210,808
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 120,762
Before 1980 13,399
1980-1989 12,361
1990-1999 21,421
2000-2009 36,582
Since 2010 36,999
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 36.4%
Noncitizens 63.6%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 11.1%
1980-1989 10.2%
1990-1999 17.7%
2000-2009 30.3%
Since 2010 30.6%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 159,004
Naturalized citizens 53,185
Noncitizens 105,819
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 33.4%
Noncitizens 66.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 59,114
Naturalized citizens 26,591
Noncitizens 32,523
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.0%
Noncitizens 55.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 107,275
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 9,077
% married among women who gave birth
73.7%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
26.3%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,466,237
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 71,696
% married among women who gave birth 59.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 40.7%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.40
Average family size 3.81
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.50
Average family size 3.08
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,397,180
Only native parent(s)
1,228,596
One or more foreign-born parents
168,584

Child is native

143,418

Child is foreign born

25,166
Children under age 6 with 456,971
Only native parent(s)
393,603
One or more foreign-born parents
63,368

Child is native

57,893

Child is foreign born

5,475
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 940,209
Only native parent(s)
834,993
One or more foreign-born parents
105,216

Child is native

85,525

Child is foreign born

19,691
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

674,071
Only native parents 560,006
One or more foreign-born parents 114,065
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.1%
Child is native 10.3%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.9%
Child is native 12.7%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.2%
Child is native 9.1%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 83.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,322,766
Only native parent(s) 1,261,925
One or more foreign-born parents 60,841
Child is native 45,864
Child is foreign born 14,977
Children under age 6 with 425,520
Only native parent(s) 402,583
One or more foreign-born parents 22,937
Child is native 20,656
Child is foreign born 2,281
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 897,246
Only native parent(s) 859,342
One or more foreign-born parents 37,904
Child is native 25,208
Child is foreign born 12,696
Children in Low-Income Families* 529,120
Only native parents 503,623
One or more foreign-born parents 25,497
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.6%
Child is native 3.5%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.4%
Child is native 4.9%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.2%
Child is native 2.8%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 95.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,159,734
Only native parent(s) 1,132,779
One or more foreign-born parents 26,955
Child is native 21,573
Child is foreign born 5,382
Children under age 6 with 385,053
Only native parent(s) 376,143
One or more foreign-born parents 8,910
Child is native 8,109
Child is foreign born 801
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 774,681
Only native parent(s) 756,636
One or more foreign-born parents 18,045
Child is native 13,464
Child is foreign born 4,581
Children in Low-Income Families* 513,462
Only native parents 503,715
One or more foreign-born parents 9,747
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 1.9%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 2.1%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 1.7%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 98.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.