E.g., 03/27/2017
E.g., 03/27/2017

State Demographics Data - PA

Pennsylvania

Demographics & Social
2015
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 837,159
% Foreign Born 6.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 64.7%
% change: 1990-2000 37.6%
Race (%)  
One race 97.1%
White
39.7%
Black or African American
13.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.5%
Asian
35.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
8.3%
Two or more races 2.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 186,933
% Latino 22.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.0%
5-17 6.5%
18-64 76.7%
65 and older 15.8%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

42.4
Gender (% female) 52.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 25.3%
Married 58.1%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.5%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 11,965,344
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 1.6%
% change: 1990-2000 2.3%
Race (%)  
One race 97.6%
White 84.0%
Black or African American 10.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 1.0%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 1.5%
Two or more races 2.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 683,276
% Latino 5.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 5.9%
5-17 16.1%
18-64 60.9%
65 and older 17.1%
Median Age 40.5
Gender (% female) 51.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 34.4%
Married 46.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.9%
Foreign Born
Number 508,291
% Foreign Born 4.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
U.S. Born
Number 11,772,763
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Foreign Born
Number 369,316
% Foreign Born 3.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 11,512,327
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

837,159
Born in Africa 65,969
Born in Asia 336,866
Born in Europe 175,200
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 240,429
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 15,779
Born in Oceania 2,916
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 India
Country #2 Mexico
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

837,159
Europe 175,200
Northern Europe 31,792
United Kingdom
22,732
Ireland
5,066
Other Northern Europe
3,994
Western Europe 28,983
France
4,142
Germany
19,465
Other Western Europe
5,376
Southern Europe 31,133
Italy
19,224
Portugal
3,063
Other Southern Europe
8,846
Eastern Europe 83,292
Poland
15,651
Russia
14,636
Other Eastern Europe
53,005
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 336,866
Eastern Asia 106,765
China
73,749

China, excluding Taiwan

69,430

Taiwan

4,319
Japan
5,679
Korea
27,337
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 128,238
India
89,983
Iran
3,667
Other South Central Asia
34,588
Southeastern Asia 74,951
Philippines
20,630
Vietnam
34,761
Other Southeastern Asia
19,560
Western Asia 26,095
Israel
3,530
Lebanon
2,663
Other Western Asia
19,902
Other Asia (no country specified) 817
Africa 65,969
Eastern Africa 13,139
Northern Africa
12,473
Western Africa
29,624
Middle and Southern Africa
6,812
Other Africa (no country specified)
3,921
Oceania 2,916
Australia and New Zealand subregion 2,570
Oceania (no country specified) 346
Americas 256,208
Latin America 240,429
Caribbean
103,442

Cuba

4,976

Jamaica

19,495

Other Caribbean

78,971
Central America
88,490

Mexico

56,679

El Salvador

5,072

Other Central America

26,739
South America
48,497

Brazil

6,327

Colombia

12,291

Other South America

29,879
Northern America 15,779
Canada
15,198
Other Northern America
581
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 235,378
1990-1999 178,217
2000-2009 240,956
Since 2010 182,608
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 7.9%
Born in Asia 40.2%
Born in Europe 20.9%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 28.7%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.9%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 10.3%
Country #2 7.4%
Country #3 6.7%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 20.9%
Northern Europe 3.8%
United Kingdom 2.7%
Ireland 0.6%
Other Northern Europe 0.5%
Western Europe 3.5%
France 0.5%
Germany 2.3%
Other Western Europe 0.6%
Southern Europe 3.7%
Italy 2.3%
Portugal 0.4%
Other Southern Europe 1.1%
Eastern Europe 9.9%
Poland 1.9%
Russia 1.7%
Other Eastern Europe 6.3%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 40.2%
Eastern Asia 12.8%
China 8.8%
China, excluding Taiwan 8.3%
Taiwan 0.5%
Japan 0.7%
Korea 3.3%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 15.3%
India 10.7%
Iran 0.4%
Other South Central Asia 4.1%
Southeastern Asia 9.0%
Philippines 2.5%
Vietnam 4.2%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.3%
Western Asia 3.1%
Israel 0.4%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 2.4%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 7.9%
Eastern Africa 1.6%
Northern Africa 1.5%
Western Africa 3.5%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.8%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.5%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 30.6%
Latin America 28.7%
Caribbean 12.4%
Cuba 0.6%
Jamaica 2.3%
Other Caribbean 9.4%
Central America 10.6%
Mexico 6.8%
El Salvador 0.6%
Other Central America 3.2%
South America 5.8%
Brazil 0.8%
Colombia 1.5%
Other South America 3.6%
Northern America 1.9%
Canada 1.8%
Other Northern America 0.1%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 28.1%
1980-1989 21.3%
1990-1999 28.8%
Since 2000 21.8%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 508,291
Born in Africa 25,413
Born in Asia 182,967
Born in Europe 182,667
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 99,514
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 15,543
Cat28 2,178
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 India
Country #2 Italy
Country #3 Korea
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 5.0%
Born in Asia 36.0%
Born in Europe 35.9%
Born in Latin America 19.6%
Born in Northern America 3.1%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 7.4%
Country #2 6.0%
Country #3 5.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 355,608
Born in Africa 8,748
Born in Asia 102,930
Born in Europe 186,913
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 42,202
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 13,293
Cat21 1,522
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Italy
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 United Kingdom
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.5%
Born in Asia 28.9%
Born in Europe 52.6%
Born in Latin America 11.9%
Born in Northern America 3.7%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 11.0%
Country #2 7.6%
Country #3 7.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 837,159
Naturalized citizens 440,198
Noncitizens 396,961
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 440,198
Before 1980 61,790
1980-1989 48,369
1990-1999 86,874
2000-2009 139,862
Since 2010 103,303
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 52.6%
Noncitizens 47.4%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 14.0%
1980-1989 11.0%
1990-1999 19.7%
2000-2009 31.8%
Since 2010 23.5%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 508,291
Naturalized citizens 257,339
Noncitizens 250,952
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 50.6%
Noncitizens 49.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 369,316
Naturalized citizens 218,209
Noncitizens 151,107
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 59.1%
Noncitizens 40.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 253,733
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 16,405
% married among women who gave birth
78.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
21.1%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 2,669,291
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 132,967
% married among women who gave birth 58.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 41.1%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.99
Average family size 3.53
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.46
Average family size 3.06
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 2,563,616
Only native parent(s)
2,257,449
One or more foreign-born parents
306,167

Child is native

259,466

Child is foreign born

46,701
Children under age 6 with 826,411
Only native parent(s)
719,692
One or more foreign-born parents
106,719

Child is native

97,705

Child is foreign born

9,014
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,737,205
Only native parent(s)
1,537,757
One or more foreign-born parents
199,448

Child is native

161,761

Child is foreign born

37,687
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

974,758
Only native parents 839,598
One or more foreign-born parents 135,160
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.9%
Child is native 10.1%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.9%
Child is native 11.8%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.5%
Child is native 9.3%
Child is foreign born 2.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 86.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,798,340
Only native parent(s) 2,618,612
One or more foreign-born parents 179,728
Child is native 141,073
Child is foreign born 38,655
Children under age 6 with 853,275
Only native parent(s) 794,028
One or more foreign-born parents 59,247
Child is native 53,971
Child is foreign born 5,276
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,945,065
Only native parent(s) 1,824,584
One or more foreign-born parents 120,481
Child is native 87,102
Child is foreign born 33,379
Children in Low-Income Families* 937,975
Only native parents 870,983
One or more foreign-born parents 66,992
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.4%
Child is native 5.0%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.9%
Child is native 6.3%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.2%
Child is native 4.5%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 92.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,694,177
Only native parent(s) 2,569,158
One or more foreign-born parents 125,019
Child is native 102,245
Child is foreign born 22,774
Children under age 6 with 923,967
Only native parent(s) 883,412
One or more foreign-born parents 40,555
Child is native 37,445
Child is foreign born 3,110
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,770,210
Only native parent(s) 1,685,746
One or more foreign-born parents 84,464
Child is native 64,800
Child is foreign born 19,664
Children in Low-Income Families* 946,718
Only native parents 906,706
One or more foreign-born parents 40,012
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.6%
Child is native 3.8%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.4%
Child is native 4.1%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.8%
Child is native 3.7%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 95.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.2%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.