E.g., 03/27/2017
E.g., 03/27/2017

State Demographics Data - OH

Ohio

Demographics & Social
2015
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 503,911
% Foreign Born 4.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 48.5%
% change: 1990-2000 30.7%
Race (%)  
One race 97.8%
White
44.5%
Black or African American
13.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
33.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
5.6%
Two or more races 2.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 83,455
% Latino 16.6%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.1%
5-17 8.0%
18-64 74.8%
65 and older 16.1%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

40.5
Gender (% female) 50.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.3%
Married 61.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 11,109,512
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 0.9%
% change: 1990-2000 4.0%
Race (%)  
One race 97.3%
White 83.7%
Black or African American 12.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 0.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.6%
Two or more races 2.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 327,747
% Latino 3.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.2%
5-17 17.1%
18-64 60.9%
65 and older 15.8%
Median Age 39.2
Gender (% female) 51.1%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 32.5%
Married 46.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 20.7%
Foreign Born
Number 339,279
% Foreign Born 3.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 11,013,861
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 259,673
% Foreign Born 2.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 10,587,442
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

503,911
Born in Africa 64,606
Born in Asia 211,727
Born in Europe 112,207
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 97,481
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 15,172
Born in Oceania 2,718
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 India
Country #2 Mexico
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

503,911
Europe 112,207
Northern Europe 16,148
United Kingdom
12,378
Ireland
1,308
Other Northern Europe
2,462
Western Europe 22,293
France
2,147
Germany
16,017
Other Western Europe
4,129
Southern Europe 14,858
Italy
8,636
Portugal
306
Other Southern Europe
5,916
Eastern Europe 58,570
Poland
4,145
Russia
10,235
Other Eastern Europe
44,190
Other Europe (no country specified) 338
Asia 211,727
Eastern Asia 62,529
China
43,558

China, excluding Taiwan

38,032

Taiwan

5,526
Japan
5,598
Korea
13,040
Other Eastern Asia
333
South Central Asia 80,382
India
56,323
Iran
3,060
Other South Central Asia
20,999
Southeastern Asia 36,877
Philippines
12,772
Vietnam
11,336
Other Southeastern Asia
12,769
Western Asia 28,915
Israel
1,709
Lebanon
4,597
Other Western Asia
22,609
Other Asia (no country specified) 3,024
Africa 64,606
Eastern Africa 24,104
Northern Africa
8,046
Western Africa
22,132
Middle and Southern Africa
6,963
Other Africa (no country specified)
3,361
Oceania 2,718
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,812
Oceania (no country specified) 906
Americas 112,653
Latin America 97,481
Caribbean
13,927

Cuba

1,987

Jamaica

5,224

Other Caribbean

6,716
Central America
64,189

Mexico

45,117

El Salvador

4,599

Other Central America

14,473
South America
19,365

Brazil

5,349

Colombia

3,862

Other South America

10,154
Northern America 15,172
Canada
15,068
Other Northern America
104
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 132,843
1990-1999 93,554
2000-2009 147,263
Since 2010 130,251
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 12.8%
Born in Asia 42.0%
Born in Europe 22.3%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 19.3%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3.0%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 10.4%
Country #2 9.6%
Country #3 6.9%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 22.3%
Northern Europe 3.2%
United Kingdom 2.5%
Ireland 0.3%
Other Northern Europe 0.5%
Western Europe 4.4%
France 0.4%
Germany 3.2%
Other Western Europe 0.8%
Southern Europe 2.9%
Italy 1.7%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 1.2%
Eastern Europe 11.6%
Poland 0.8%
Russia 2.0%
Other Eastern Europe 8.8%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.1%
Asia 42.0%
Eastern Asia 12.4%
China 8.6%
China, excluding Taiwan 7.5%
Taiwan 1.1%
Japan 1.1%
Korea 2.6%
Other Eastern Asia 0.1%
South Central Asia 16.0%
India 11.2%
Iran 0.6%
Other South Central Asia 4.2%
Southeastern Asia 7.3%
Philippines 2.5%
Vietnam 2.2%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.5%
Western Asia 5.7%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.9%
Other Western Asia 4.5%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.6%
Africa 12.8%
Eastern Africa 4.8%
Northern Africa 1.6%
Western Africa 4.4%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.4%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.7%
Oceania 0.5%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.4%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.2%
Americas 22.4%
Latin America 19.3%
Caribbean 2.8%
Cuba 0.4%
Jamaica 1.0%
Other Caribbean 1.3%
Central America 12.7%
Mexico 9.0%
El Salvador 0.9%
Other Central America 2.9%
South America 3.8%
Brazil 1.1%
Colombia 0.8%
Other South America 2.0%
Northern America 3.0%
Canada 3.0%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 26.4%
1980-1989 18.6%
1990-1999 29.2%
Since 2000 25.8%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 339,279
Born in Africa 22,034
Born in Asia 120,213
Born in Europe 131,683
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 47,124
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 16,581
Cat28 1,632
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 India
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 Mexico
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 6.5%
Born in Asia 35.4%
Born in Europe 38.8%
Born in Latin America 13.9%
Born in Northern America 4.9%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 7.8%
Country #2 6.3%
Country #3 6.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 253,455
Born in Africa 7,059
Born in Asia 73,547
Born in Europe 138,877
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 18,154
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 14,829
Cat21 989
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Germany
Country #2 Italy
Country #3 United Kingdom
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.8%
Born in Asia 29.0%
Born in Europe 54.8%
Born in Latin America 7.2%
Born in Northern America 5.9%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 9.5%
Country #2 7.1%
Country #3 7.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 503,911
Naturalized citizens 255,342
Noncitizens 248,569
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 255,342
Before 1980 46,212
1980-1989 22,681
1990-1999 40,745
2000-2009 85,091
Since 2010 60,613
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 50.7%
Noncitizens 49.3%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 18.1%
1980-1989 8.9%
1990-1999 16.0%
2000-2009 33.3%
Since 2010 23.7%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 339,279
Naturalized citizens 169,295
Noncitizens 169,984
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 49.9%
Noncitizens 50.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 259,673
Naturalized citizens 155,244
Noncitizens 104,429
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 59.8%
Noncitizens 40.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 148,231
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 13,108
% married among women who gave birth
85.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
14.5%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 2,524,156
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 128,060
% married among women who gave birth 59.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 40.5%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.83
Average family size 3.43
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.43
Average family size 3.05
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 2,492,642
Only native parent(s)
2,294,806
One or more foreign-born parents
197,836

Child is native

162,790

Child is foreign born

35,046
Children under age 6 with 793,419
Only native parent(s)
721,680
One or more foreign-born parents
71,739

Child is native

64,533

Child is foreign born

7,206
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,699,223
Only native parent(s)
1,573,126
One or more foreign-born parents
126,097

Child is native

98,257

Child is foreign born

27,840
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

1,039,661
Only native parents 946,428
One or more foreign-born parents 93,233
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.9%
Child is native 6.5%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.0%
Child is native 8.1%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.4%
Child is native 5.8%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 91.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.0%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,777,238
Only native parent(s) 2,655,025
One or more foreign-born parents 122,213
Child is native 96,928
Child is foreign born 25,285
Children under age 6 with 874,733
Only native parent(s) 832,650
One or more foreign-born parents 42,083
Child is native 37,441
Child is foreign born 4,642
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,902,505
Only native parent(s) 1,822,375
One or more foreign-born parents 80,130
Child is native 59,487
Child is foreign born 20,643
Children in Low-Income Families* 938,662
Only native parents 902,010
One or more foreign-born parents 36,652
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.4%
Child is native 3.5%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.8%
Child is native 4.3%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.2%
Child is native 3.1%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 96.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,720,563
Only native parent(s) 2,629,241
One or more foreign-born parents 91,322
Child is native 77,574
Child is foreign born 13,748
Children under age 6 with 921,080
Only native parent(s) 893,171
One or more foreign-born parents 27,909
Child is native 25,460
Child is foreign born 2,449
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,799,483
Only native parent(s) 1,736,070
One or more foreign-born parents 63,413
Child is native 52,114
Child is foreign born 11,299
Children in Low-Income Families* 1,000,876
Only native parents 975,819
One or more foreign-born parents 25,057
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.4%
Child is native 2.9%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.0%
Child is native 2.8%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.5%
Child is native 2.9%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 97.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.5%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.