E.g., 08/23/2014
E.g., 08/23/2014

State Demographics Data - NY

New York

Demographics & Social
2012
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 4,424,370
% Foreign Born 22.6%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 14.4%
% change: 1990-2000 35.6%
Race (%)  
One race 96.9%
White
35.7%
Black or African American
19.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
24.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
17.0%
Two or more races 3.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 1,415,130
% Latino 32.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.5%
5-17 4.6%
18-64 79.0%
65 and older 15.8%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

45.1
Gender (% female) 52.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 28.4%
Married 53.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.2%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 15,145,891
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 0.2%
% change: 1990-2000 -0.2%
Race (%)  
One race 97.4%
White 73.9%
Black or African American 14.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.4%
Asian 2.8%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 5.9%
Two or more races 2.6%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 2,138,556
% Latino 14.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.5%
5-17 19.1%
18-64 59.8%
65 and older 13.6%
Median Age 34.4
Gender (% female) 51.2%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 41.5%
Married 40.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.7%
Foreign Born
Number 3,868,133
% Foreign Born 20.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 15,108,324
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 2,851,861
% Foreign Born 15.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 15,138,594
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

4,424,370
Born in Africa 171,788
Born in Asia 1,210,678
Born in Europe 758,940
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 2,212,190
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 54,389
Born in Oceania 16,385
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 China (exc. Taiwan)
Country #2 Jamaica
Country #3 Mexico
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

4,424,370
Europe 758,940
Northern Europe 101,554
United Kingdom
60,484
Ireland
30,616
Other Northern Europe
10,454
Western Europe 95,283
France
26,620
Germany
46,090
Other Western Europe
22,573
Southern Europe 159,327
Italy
102,090
Portugal
12,716
Other Southern Europe
44,521
Eastern Europe 401,650
Poland
77,698
Russia
82,570
Other Eastern Europe
241,382
Other Europe (no country specified) 1,126
Asia 1,210,678
Eastern Asia 556,911
China
422,448

China, excluding Taiwan

393,925

Taiwan

28,523
Japan
33,292
Korea
101,092
Other Eastern Asia
79
South Central Asia 367,890
India
152,038
Iran
17,416
Other South Central Asia
198,436
Southeastern Asia 165,756
Philippines
84,592
Vietnam
26,597
Other Southeastern Asia
54,567
Western Asia 116,968
Israel
34,224
Lebanon
7,814
Other Western Asia
74,930
Other Asia (no country specified) 3,153
Africa 171,788
Eastern Africa 17,033
Northern Africa
37,883
Western Africa
93,238
Middle and Southern Africa
11,232
Other Africa (no country specified)
12,402
Oceania 16,385
Australia and New Zealand subregion 14,448
Oceania (no country specified) 1,937
Americas 2,266,579
Latin America 2,212,190
Caribbean
1,091,935

Cuba

27,118

Jamaica

245,162

Other Caribbean

819,655
Central America
531,633

Mexico

245,037

El Salvador

129,026

Other Central America

157,570
South America
588,622

Brazil

25,478

Colombia

106,937

Other South America

456,207
Northern America 54,389
Canada
53,896
Other Northern America
493
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 1,702,026
1990-1999 1,181,461
2000-2009 1,225,882
Since 2010 315,001
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 3.9%
Born in Asia 27.4%
Born in Europe 17.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 50.0%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.2%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 8.9%
Country #2 5.5%
Country #3 5.5%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 17.2%
Northern Europe 2.3%
United Kingdom 1.4%
Ireland 0.7%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 2.2%
France 0.6%
Germany 1.0%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 3.6%
Italy 2.3%
Portugal 0.3%
Other Southern Europe 1.0%
Eastern Europe 9.1%
Poland 1.8%
Russia 1.9%
Other Eastern Europe 5.5%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 27.4%
Eastern Asia 12.6%
China 9.5%
China, excluding Taiwan 8.9%
Taiwan 0.6%
Japan 0.8%
Korea 2.3%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 8.3%
India 3.4%
Iran 0.4%
Other South Central Asia 4.5%
Southeastern Asia 3.7%
Philippines 1.9%
Vietnam 0.6%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.2%
Western Asia 2.6%
Israel 0.8%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 1.7%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 3.9%
Eastern Africa 0.4%
Northern Africa 0.9%
Western Africa 2.1%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.3%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 0.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 51.2%
Latin America 50.0%
Caribbean 24.7%
Cuba 0.6%
Jamaica 5.5%
Other Caribbean 18.5%
Central America 12.0%
Mexico 5.5%
El Salvador 2.9%
Other Central America 3.6%
South America 13.3%
Brazil 0.6%
Colombia 2.4%
Other South America 10.3%
Northern America 1.2%
Canada 1.2%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 38.5%
1980-1989 26.7%
1990-1999 27.7%
Since 2000 7.1%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 3,868,133
Born in Africa 116,936
Born in Asia 916,597
Born in Europe 879,307
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,891,612
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 55,962
Cat28 7,680
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Dominican Republic
Country #2 China (exc. Taiwan)
Country #3 Jamaica
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.0%
Born in Asia 23.7%
Born in Europe 22.7%
Born in Latin America 48.9%
Born in Northern America 1.4%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 10.5%
Country #2 7.0%
Country #3 5.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 2,692,871
Born in Africa 55,819
Born in Asia 556,662
Born in Europe 842,395
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,174,849
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 58,142
Cat21 5,004
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Dominican Republic
Country #2 Italy
Country #3 Jamaica
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.1%
Born in Asia 20.7%
Born in Europe 31.3%
Born in Latin America 43.6%
Born in Northern America 2.2%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 8.4%
Country #2 6.6%
Country #3 5.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 4,424,370
Naturalized citizens 2,340,833
Noncitizens 2,083,537
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 2,340,833
Before 1980 335,317
1980-1989 297,490
1990-1999 601,852
2000-2009 873,149
Since 2010 233,025
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 52.9%
Noncitizens 47.1%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 14.3%
1980-1989 12.7%
1990-1999 25.7%
2000-2009 37.3%
Since 2010 10.0%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 3,868,133
Naturalized citizens 1,783,744
Noncitizens 2,084,389
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.1%
Noncitizens 53.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 2,851,861
Naturalized citizens 1,297,020
Noncitizens 1,554,841
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.5%
Noncitizens 54.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,324,295
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 73,650
% married among women who gave birth
74.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
25.4%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 3,597,093
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 162,694
% married among women who gave birth 60.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 39.7%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.12
Average family size 3.66
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.45
Average family size 3.16
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.

 
Children under age 18 with 4,082,490
Only native parent(s)
2,631,260
One or more foreign-born parents
1,451,230

Child is native

1,259,049

Child is foreign born

192,181
Children under age 6 with 1,344,060
Only native parent(s)
861,356
One or more foreign-born parents
482,704

Child is native

457,574

Child is foreign born

25,130
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 2,738,430
Only native parent(s)
1,769,904
One or more foreign-born parents
968,526

Child is native

801,475

Child is foreign born

167,051
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

1,722,189
Only native parents 984,950
One or more foreign-born parents 737,239
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 64.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 35.5%
Child is native 30.8%
Child is foreign born 4.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 64.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 35.9%
Child is native 34.0%
Child is foreign born 1.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 64.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 35.4%
Child is native 29.3%
Child is foreign born 6.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 57.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 42.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 4,417,334
Only native parent(s) 3,089,671
One or more foreign-born parents 1,327,663
Child is native 1,045,461
Child is foreign born 282,202
Children under age 6 with 1,413,576
Only native parent(s) 981,101
One or more foreign-born parents 432,475
Child is native 398,136
Child is foreign born 34,339
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 3,003,758
Only native parent(s) 2,108,570
One or more foreign-born parents 895,188
Child is native 647,325
Child is foreign born 247,863
Children in Low-Income Families* 1,681,554
Only native parents 1,063,562
One or more foreign-born parents 617,992
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 69.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.1%
Child is native 23.7%
Child is foreign born 6.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 69.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.6%
Child is native 28.2%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.8%
Child is native 21.6%
Child is foreign born 8.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 63.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 36.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 4,031,575
Only native parent(s) 3,070,395
One or more foreign-born parents 961,180
Child is native 725,064
Child is foreign born 236,116
Children under age 6 with 1,425,439
Only native parent(s) 1,105,162
One or more foreign-born parents 320,277
Child is native 280,946
Child is foreign born 39,331
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 2,606,136
Only native parent(s) 1,965,233
One or more foreign-born parents 640,903
Child is native 444,118
Child is foreign born 196,785
Children in Low-Income Families* 1,438,999
Only native parents 1,035,797
One or more foreign-born parents 403,202
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 76.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.8%
Child is native 18.0%
Child is foreign born 5.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 77.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.5%
Child is native 19.7%
Child is foreign born 2.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 75.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.6%
Child is native 17.0%
Child is foreign born 7.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.