E.g., 07/28/2016
E.g., 07/28/2016

State Demographics Data - NY

New York

Demographics & Social
2014
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 4,465,469
% Foreign Born 22.6%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2014 15.4%
% change: 1990-2000 35.6%
Race (%)  
One race 97.0%
White
34.3%
Black or African American
18.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.5%
Asian
25.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
17.6%
Two or more races 3.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 1,432,808
% Latino 32.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.5%
5-17 4.3%
18-64 78.1%
65 and older 17.1%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

45.7
Gender (% female) 52.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 28.0%
Married 54.0%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 15,280,758
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 1.1%
% change: 1990-2000 -0.2%
Race (%)  
One race 97.1%
White 72.7%
Black or African American 14.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.4%
Asian 3.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 6.3%
Two or more races 2.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 2,237,481
% Latino 14.6%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.6%
5-17 18.7%
18-64 59.8%
65 and older 14.0%
Median Age 34.4
Gender (% female) 51.1%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 42.3%
Married 40.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.9%
Foreign Born
Number 3,868,133
% Foreign Born 20.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 15,108,324
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 2,851,861
% Foreign Born 15.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 15,138,594
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

4,465,415
Born in Africa 191,024
Born in Asia 1,264,610
Born in Europe 736,523
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 2,204,766
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 55,001
Born in Oceania 13,491
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 China (exc. Taiwan)
Country #2 Jamaica
Country #3 Mexico
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

4,465,415
Europe 736,523
Northern Europe 97,709
United Kingdom
58,425
Ireland
27,793
Other Northern Europe
11,491
Western Europe 100,747
France
25,900
Germany
48,764
Other Western Europe
26,083
Southern Europe 153,667
Italy
99,502
Portugal
12,174
Other Southern Europe
41,991
Eastern Europe 381,871
Poland
73,369
Russia
79,233
Other Eastern Europe
229,269
Other Europe (no country specified) 2,529
Asia 1,264,610
Eastern Asia 583,231
China
461,259

China, excluding Taiwan

429,922

Taiwan

31,337
Japan
30,213
Korea
91,362
Other Eastern Asia
397
South Central Asia 401,973
India
158,502
Iran
18,290
Other South Central Asia
225,181
Southeastern Asia 163,112
Philippines
89,165
Vietnam
21,225
Other Southeastern Asia
52,722
Western Asia 113,610
Israel
33,828
Lebanon
4,874
Other Western Asia
74,908
Other Asia (no country specified) 2,684
Africa 191,024
Eastern Africa 20,156
Northern Africa
44,629
Western Africa
100,029
Middle and Southern Africa
12,204
Other Africa (no country specified)
14,006
Oceania 13,491
Australia and New Zealand subregion 11,621
Oceania (no country specified) 1,870
Americas 2,259,767
Latin America 2,204,766
Caribbean
1,073,247

Cuba

23,298

Jamaica

234,145

Other Caribbean

815,804
Central America
532,990

Mexico

247,958

El Salvador

116,653

Other Central America

168,379
South America
598,529

Brazil

23,307

Colombia

103,426

Other South America

471,796
Northern America 55,001
Canada
54,616
Other Northern America
385
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 1,601,176
1990-1999 1,138,941
2000-2009 1,188,069
Since 2010 537,283
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 4.3%
Born in Asia 28.3%
Born in Europe 16.5%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 49.4%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.2%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 8.9%
Country #2 5.5%
Country #3 5.5%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 16.5%
Northern Europe 2.2%
United Kingdom 1.3%
Ireland 0.6%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 2.3%
France 0.6%
Germany 1.1%
Other Western Europe 0.6%
Southern Europe 3.4%
Italy 2.2%
Portugal 0.3%
Other Southern Europe 0.9%
Eastern Europe 8.6%
Poland 1.6%
Russia 1.8%
Other Eastern Europe 5.1%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.1%
Asia 28.3%
Eastern Asia 13.1%
China 10.3%
China, excluding Taiwan 9.6%
Taiwan 0.7%
Japan 0.7%
Korea 2.0%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 9.0%
India 3.5%
Iran 0.4%
Other South Central Asia 5.0%
Southeastern Asia 3.7%
Philippines 2.0%
Vietnam 0.5%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.2%
Western Asia 2.5%
Israel 0.8%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 1.7%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 4.3%
Eastern Africa 0.5%
Northern Africa 1.0%
Western Africa 2.2%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.3%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 50.6%
Latin America 49.4%
Caribbean 24.0%
Cuba 0.5%
Jamaica 5.2%
Other Caribbean 18.3%
Central America 11.9%
Mexico 5.6%
El Salvador 2.6%
Other Central America 3.8%
South America 13.4%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 2.3%
Other South America 10.6%
Northern America 1.2%
Canada 1.2%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 35.9%
1980-1989 25.5%
1990-1999 26.6%
Since 2000 12.0%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 3,868,133
Born in Africa 116,936
Born in Asia 916,597
Born in Europe 879,307
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,891,612
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 55,962
Cat28 7,680
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Dominican Republic
Country #2 China (exc. Taiwan)
Country #3 Jamaica
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.0%
Born in Asia 23.7%
Born in Europe 22.7%
Born in Latin America 48.9%
Born in Northern America 1.4%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 10.5%
Country #2 7.0%
Country #3 5.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 2,692,871
Born in Africa 55,819
Born in Asia 556,662
Born in Europe 842,395
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,174,849
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 58,142
Cat21 5,004
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Dominican Republic
Country #2 Italy
Country #3 Jamaica
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.1%
Born in Asia 20.7%
Born in Europe 31.3%
Born in Latin America 43.6%
Born in Northern America 2.2%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 8.4%
Country #2 6.6%
Country #3 5.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 4,465,469
Naturalized citizens 2,416,184
Noncitizens 2,049,285
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 2,416,184
Before 1980 308,499
1980-1989 285,409
1990-1999 585,578
2000-2009 807,464
Since 2010 429,234
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 54.1%
Noncitizens 45.9%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 12.8%
1980-1989 11.8%
1990-1999 24.2%
2000-2009 33.4%
Since 2010 17.8%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 3,868,133
Naturalized citizens 1,783,744
Noncitizens 2,084,389
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.1%
Noncitizens 53.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 2,851,861
Naturalized citizens 1,297,020
Noncitizens 1,554,841
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.5%
Noncitizens 54.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,299,518
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 65,288
% married among women who gave birth
72.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
27.7%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 3,605,458
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 158,280
% married among women who gave birth 63.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 36.7%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.14
Average family size 3.69
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.45
Average family size 3.15
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 4,023,786
Only native parent(s)
2,571,429
One or more foreign-born parents
1,452,357

Child is native

1,266,764

Child is foreign born

185,593
Children under age 6 with 1,358,592
Only native parent(s)
856,725
One or more foreign-born parents
501,867

Child is native

473,866

Child is foreign born

28,001
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 2,665,194
Only native parent(s)
1,714,704
One or more foreign-born parents
950,490

Child is native

792,898

Child is foreign born

157,592
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

1,685,864
Only native parents 955,221
One or more foreign-born parents 730,643
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 63.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 36.1%
Child is native 31.5%
Child is foreign born 4.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 63.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 36.9%
Child is native 34.9%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 64.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 35.7%
Child is native 29.8%
Child is foreign born 5.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 56.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 43.3%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 4,417,334
Only native parent(s) 3,089,671
One or more foreign-born parents 1,327,663
Child is native 1,045,461
Child is foreign born 282,202
Children under age 6 with 1,413,576
Only native parent(s) 981,101
One or more foreign-born parents 432,475
Child is native 398,136
Child is foreign born 34,339
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 3,003,758
Only native parent(s) 2,108,570
One or more foreign-born parents 895,188
Child is native 647,325
Child is foreign born 247,863
Children in Low-Income Families* 1,681,554
Only native parents 1,063,562
One or more foreign-born parents 617,992
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 69.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.1%
Child is native 23.7%
Child is foreign born 6.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 69.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.6%
Child is native 28.2%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.8%
Child is native 21.6%
Child is foreign born 8.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 63.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 36.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 4,031,575
Only native parent(s) 3,070,395
One or more foreign-born parents 961,180
Child is native 725,064
Child is foreign born 236,116
Children under age 6 with 1,425,439
Only native parent(s) 1,105,162
One or more foreign-born parents 320,277
Child is native 280,946
Child is foreign born 39,331
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 2,606,136
Only native parent(s) 1,965,233
One or more foreign-born parents 640,903
Child is native 444,118
Child is foreign born 196,785
Children in Low-Income Families* 1,438,999
Only native parents 1,035,797
One or more foreign-born parents 403,202
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 76.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.8%
Child is native 18.0%
Child is foreign born 5.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 77.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.5%
Child is native 19.7%
Child is foreign born 2.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 75.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.6%
Child is native 17.0%
Child is foreign born 7.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2014 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.