E.g., 06/26/2017
E.g., 06/26/2017

State Demographics Data - NY

New York

Demographics & Social
2015
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 4,530,087
% Foreign Born 22.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 17.1%
% change: 1990-2000 35.6%
Race (%)  
One race 97.2%
White
34.4%
Black or African American
18.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
26.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
17.6%
Two or more races 2.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 1,436,434
% Latino 31.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.5%
5-17 4.3%
18-64 77.7%
65 and older 17.6%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

46.1
Gender (% female) 52.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 27.9%
Married 54.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.8%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 15,265,704
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 1.0%
% change: 1990-2000 -0.2%
Race (%)  
One race 97.0%
White 72.5%
Black or African American 14.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.4%
Asian 3.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 6.3%
Two or more races 3.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 2,288,759
% Latino 15.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.6%
5-17 18.6%
18-64 59.6%
65 and older 14.2%
Median Age 34.4
Gender (% female) 51.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 42.9%
Married 40.1%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.0%
Foreign Born
Number 3,868,133
% Foreign Born 20.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 15,108,324
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 2,851,861
% Foreign Born 15.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 15,138,594
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

4,530,010
Born in Africa 194,268
Born in Asia 1,327,829
Born in Europe 738,942
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 2,201,097
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 54,008
Born in Oceania 13,866
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 China (exc. Taiwan)
Country #2 Jamaica
Country #3 Mexico
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

4,530,010
Europe 738,942
Northern Europe 100,831
United Kingdom
63,046
Ireland
28,032
Other Northern Europe
9,753
Western Europe 95,192
France
27,170
Germany
44,997
Other Western Europe
23,025
Southern Europe 157,409
Italy
97,771
Portugal
10,765
Other Southern Europe
48,873
Eastern Europe 383,963
Poland
73,024
Russia
75,093
Other Eastern Europe
235,846
Other Europe (no country specified) 1,547
Asia 1,327,829
Eastern Asia 596,672
China
470,830

China, excluding Taiwan

439,178

Taiwan

31,652
Japan
28,426
Korea
97,372
Other Eastern Asia
44
South Central Asia 425,789
India
172,262
Iran
18,498
Other South Central Asia
235,029
Southeastern Asia 178,549
Philippines
97,222
Vietnam
26,790
Other Southeastern Asia
54,537
Western Asia 123,311
Israel
34,158
Lebanon
6,745
Other Western Asia
82,408
Other Asia (no country specified) 3,508
Africa 194,268
Eastern Africa 18,596
Northern Africa
41,991
Western Africa
107,067
Middle and Southern Africa
12,208
Other Africa (no country specified)
14,406
Oceania 13,866
Australia and New Zealand subregion 12,814
Oceania (no country specified) 1,052
Americas 2,255,105
Latin America 2,201,097
Caribbean
1,104,152

Cuba

27,427

Jamaica

229,967

Other Caribbean

846,758
Central America
506,101

Mexico

234,547

El Salvador

116,604

Other Central America

154,950
South America
590,844

Brazil

23,349

Colombia

104,162

Other South America

463,333
Northern America 54,008
Canada
53,166
Other Northern America
842
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 1,569,640
1990-1999 1,121,980
2000-2009 1,164,621
Since 2010 673,846
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 4.3%
Born in Asia 29.3%
Born in Europe 16.3%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 48.6%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.2%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 8.9%
Country #2 5.5%
Country #3 5.5%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 16.3%
Northern Europe 2.2%
United Kingdom 1.4%
Ireland 0.6%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 2.1%
France 0.6%
Germany 1.0%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 3.5%
Italy 2.2%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 1.1%
Eastern Europe 8.5%
Poland 1.6%
Russia 1.7%
Other Eastern Europe 5.2%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 29.3%
Eastern Asia 13.2%
China 10.4%
China, excluding Taiwan 9.7%
Taiwan 0.7%
Japan 0.6%
Korea 2.1%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 9.4%
India 3.8%
Iran 0.4%
Other South Central Asia 5.2%
Southeastern Asia 3.9%
Philippines 2.1%
Vietnam 0.6%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.2%
Western Asia 2.7%
Israel 0.8%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 1.8%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 4.3%
Eastern Africa 0.4%
Northern Africa 0.9%
Western Africa 2.4%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.3%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 49.8%
Latin America 48.6%
Caribbean 24.4%
Cuba 0.6%
Jamaica 5.1%
Other Caribbean 18.7%
Central America 11.2%
Mexico 5.2%
El Salvador 2.6%
Other Central America 3.4%
South America 13.0%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 2.3%
Other South America 10.2%
Northern America 1.2%
Canada 1.2%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 34.6%
1980-1989 24.8%
1990-1999 25.7%
Since 2000 14.9%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 3,868,133
Born in Africa 116,936
Born in Asia 916,597
Born in Europe 879,307
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,891,612
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 55,962
Cat28 7,680
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Dominican Republic
Country #2 China (exc. Taiwan)
Country #3 Jamaica
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.0%
Born in Asia 23.7%
Born in Europe 22.7%
Born in Latin America 48.9%
Born in Northern America 1.4%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 10.5%
Country #2 7.0%
Country #3 5.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 2,692,871
Born in Africa 55,819
Born in Asia 556,662
Born in Europe 842,395
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,174,849
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 58,142
Cat21 5,004
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Dominican Republic
Country #2 Italy
Country #3 Jamaica
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.1%
Born in Asia 20.7%
Born in Europe 31.3%
Born in Latin America 43.6%
Born in Northern America 2.2%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 8.4%
Country #2 6.6%
Country #3 5.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 4,530,087
Naturalized citizens 2,502,783
Noncitizens 2,027,304
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 2,502,783
Before 1980 295,958
1980-1989 288,701
1990-1999 577,488
2000-2009 833,173
Since 2010 507,463
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 55.2%
Noncitizens 44.8%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 11.8%
1980-1989 11.5%
1990-1999 23.1%
2000-2009 33.3%
Since 2010 20.3%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 3,868,133
Naturalized citizens 1,783,744
Noncitizens 2,084,389
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.1%
Noncitizens 53.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 2,851,861
Naturalized citizens 1,297,020
Noncitizens 1,554,841
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.5%
Noncitizens 54.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,303,893
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 68,010
% married among women who gave birth
73.7%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
26.3%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 3,582,373
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 151,962
% married among women who gave birth 63.8%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 36.2%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.15
Average family size 3.72
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.48
Average family size 3.19
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 4,018,877
Only native parent(s)
2,525,145
One or more foreign-born parents
1,493,732

Child is native

1,307,968

Child is foreign born

185,764
Children under age 6 with 1,352,563
Only native parent(s)
838,676
One or more foreign-born parents
513,887

Child is native

485,450

Child is foreign born

28,437
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 2,666,314
Only native parent(s)
1,686,469
One or more foreign-born parents
979,845

Child is native

822,518

Child is foreign born

157,327
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

1,655,578
Only native parents 928,339
One or more foreign-born parents 727,239
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 62.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 37.2%
Child is native 32.5%
Child is foreign born 4.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 62.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.0%
Child is native 35.9%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 63.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 36.7%
Child is native 30.8%
Child is foreign born 5.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 56.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 43.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 4,417,334
Only native parent(s) 3,089,671
One or more foreign-born parents 1,327,663
Child is native 1,045,461
Child is foreign born 282,202
Children under age 6 with 1,413,576
Only native parent(s) 981,101
One or more foreign-born parents 432,475
Child is native 398,136
Child is foreign born 34,339
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 3,003,758
Only native parent(s) 2,108,570
One or more foreign-born parents 895,188
Child is native 647,325
Child is foreign born 247,863
Children in Low-Income Families* 1,681,554
Only native parents 1,063,562
One or more foreign-born parents 617,992
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 69.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.1%
Child is native 23.7%
Child is foreign born 6.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 69.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.6%
Child is native 28.2%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.8%
Child is native 21.6%
Child is foreign born 8.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 63.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 36.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 4,031,575
Only native parent(s) 3,070,395
One or more foreign-born parents 961,180
Child is native 725,064
Child is foreign born 236,116
Children under age 6 with 1,425,439
Only native parent(s) 1,105,162
One or more foreign-born parents 320,277
Child is native 280,946
Child is foreign born 39,331
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 2,606,136
Only native parent(s) 1,965,233
One or more foreign-born parents 640,903
Child is native 444,118
Child is foreign born 196,785
Children in Low-Income Families* 1,438,999
Only native parents 1,035,797
One or more foreign-born parents 403,202
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 76.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.8%
Child is native 18.0%
Child is foreign born 5.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 77.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.5%
Child is native 19.7%
Child is foreign born 2.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 75.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.6%
Child is native 17.0%
Child is foreign born 7.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.