E.g., 09/04/2015
E.g., 09/04/2015

State Demographics Data - NM

New Mexico

Demographics & Social
2013
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 211,249
% Foreign Born 10.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2013 41.2%
% change: 1990-2000 85.8%
Race (%)  
One race 98.5%
White
73.0%
Black or African American
1.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.6%
Asian
8.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
15.2%
Two or more races 1.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 165,005
% Latino 78.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.3%
5-17 6.7%
18-64 79.0%
65 and older 14.0%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

41.7
Gender (% female) 50.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 25.3%
Married 57.9%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.8%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 1,874,038
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 12.3%
% change: 1990-2000 16.4%
Race (%)  
One race 96.5%
White 75.5%
Black or African American 2.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native 10.0%
Asian 0.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 8.2%
Two or more races 3.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 821,548
% Latino 43.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.3%
5-17 19.0%
18-64 58.9%
65 and older 14.8%
Median Age 35.7
Gender (% female) 50.4%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 36.2%
Married 42.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 21.0%
Foreign Born
Number 149,606
% Foreign Born 8.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 1,669,440
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 80,514
% Foreign Born 5.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 1,434,555
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

211,249
Born in Africa 2,114
Born in Asia 22,291
Born in Europe 17,609
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 166,016
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,598
Born in Oceania 621
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 China (exc. Taiwan)
Country #3 Vietnam
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

211,249
Europe 17,609
Northern Europe 5,357
United Kingdom
3,848
Ireland
1,064
Other Northern Europe
445
Western Europe 7,406
France
585
Germany
5,684
Other Western Europe
1,137
Southern Europe 1,185
Italy
529
Portugal
193
Other Southern Europe
463
Eastern Europe 3,622
Poland
603
Russia
665
Other Eastern Europe
2,354
Other Europe (no country specified) 39
Asia 22,291
Eastern Asia 6,218
China
3,469

China, excluding Taiwan

2,792

Taiwan

677
Japan
1,289
Korea
1,460
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 3,881
India
2,540
Iran
699
Other South Central Asia
642
Southeastern Asia 9,531
Philippines
2,447
Vietnam
4,527
Other Southeastern Asia
2,557
Western Asia 2,601
Israel
186
Lebanon
222
Other Western Asia
2,193
Other Asia (no country specified) 60
Africa 2,114
Eastern Africa 939
Northern Africa
145
Western Africa
73
Middle and Southern Africa
622
Other Africa (no country specified)
335
Oceania 621
Australia and New Zealand subregion 374
Oceania (no country specified) 247
Americas 168,614
Latin America 166,016
Caribbean
2,848

Cuba

2,596

Jamaica

203

Other Caribbean

49
Central America
159,150

Mexico

153,076

El Salvador

1,992

Other Central America

4,082
South America
4,018

Brazil

402

Colombia

1,175

Other South America

2,441
Northern America 2,598
Canada
2,598
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 82,687
1990-1999 51,308
2000-2009 60,142
Since 2010 17,112
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 1.0%
Born in Asia 10.6%
Born in Europe 8.3%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 78.6%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.2%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 70.3%
Country #2 2.1%
Country #3 2.0%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 8.3%
Northern Europe 2.5%
United Kingdom 1.8%
Ireland 0.5%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 3.5%
France 0.3%
Germany 2.7%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 0.6%
Italy 0.3%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.2%
Eastern Europe 1.7%
Poland 0.3%
Russia 0.3%
Other Eastern Europe 1.1%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 10.6%
Eastern Asia 2.9%
China 1.6%
China, excluding Taiwan 1.3%
Taiwan 0.3%
Japan 0.6%
Korea 0.7%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 1.8%
India 1.2%
Iran 0.3%
Other South Central Asia 0.3%
Southeastern Asia 4.5%
Philippines 1.2%
Vietnam 2.1%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.2%
Western Asia 1.2%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 1.0%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 1.0%
Eastern Africa 0.4%
Northern Africa 0.1%
Western Africa 0.0%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.3%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.2%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 79.8%
Latin America 78.6%
Caribbean 1.3%
Cuba 1.2%
Jamaica 0.1%
Other Caribbean 0.0%
Central America 75.3%
Mexico 72.5%
El Salvador 0.9%
Other Central America 1.9%
South America 1.9%
Brazil 0.2%
Colombia 0.6%
Other South America 1.2%
Northern America 1.2%
Canada 1.2%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 39.1%
1980-1989 24.3%
1990-1999 28.5%
Since 2000 8.1%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 149,606
Born in Africa 1,118
Born in Asia 14,330
Born in Europe 15,286
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 114,858
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,364
Cat28 650
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 Canada
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.7%
Born in Asia 9.6%
Born in Europe 10.2%
Born in Latin America 76.8%
Born in Northern America 2.2%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 71.7%
Country #2 3.7%
Country #3 2.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 78,212
Born in Africa 781
Born in Asia 9,569
Born in Europe 11,331
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 53,967
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,235
Cat21 329
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 United Kingdom
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.0%
Born in Asia 12.2%
Born in Europe 14.5%
Born in Latin America 69.0%
Born in Northern America 2.9%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 61.8%
Country #2 4.4%
Country #3 4.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 211,249
Naturalized citizens 72,651
Noncitizens 138,598
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 72,651
Before 1980 12,777
1980-1989 9,190
1990-1999 18,140
2000-2009 22,338
Since 2010 10,206
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 34.4%
Noncitizens 65.6%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 17.6%
1980-1989 12.6%
1990-1999 25.0%
2000-2009 30.7%
Since 2010 14.0%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 149,606
Naturalized citizens 52,103
Noncitizens 97,503
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 34.8%
Noncitizens 65.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 80,514
Naturalized citizens 31,915
Noncitizens 48,599
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.6%
Noncitizens 60.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 65,833
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 4,757
% married among women who gave birth
63.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
36.9%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 415,873
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 23,739
% married among women who gave birth 52.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 47.7%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.41
Average family size 3.93
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.62
Average family size 3.32
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.

 
Children under age 18 with 483,883
Only native parent(s)
371,983
One or more foreign-born parents
111,133

Child is native

98,191

Child is foreign born

12,942
Children under age 6 with 161,028
Only native parent(s)
128,098
One or more foreign-born parents
32,884

Child is native

32,060

Child is foreign born

824
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 322,855
Only native parent(s)
243,885
One or more foreign-born parents
78,249

Child is native

66,131

Child is foreign born

12,118
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

261,825
Only native parents 189,252
One or more foreign-born parents 72,573
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 76.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.0%
Child is native 20.3%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 79.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.4%
Child is native 19.9%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 75.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.2%
Child is native 20.5%
Child is foreign born 3.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.7%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 480,691
Only native parent(s) 396,926
One or more foreign-born parents 83,765
Child is native 67,417
Child is foreign born 16,348
Children under age 6 with 147,040
Only native parent(s) 119,898
One or more foreign-born parents 27,142
Child is native 24,742
Child is foreign born 2,400
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 333,651
Only native parent(s) 277,028
One or more foreign-born parents 56,623
Child is native 42,675
Child is foreign born 13,948
Children in Low-Income Families* 247,086
Only native parents 188,317
One or more foreign-born parents 58,769
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 82.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 17.4%
Child is native 14.0%
Child is foreign born 3.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 81.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.5%
Child is native 16.8%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 83.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 17.0%
Child is native 12.8%
Child is foreign born 4.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 76.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 425,685
Only native parent(s) 374,157
One or more foreign-born parents 51,528
Child is native 42,489
Child is foreign born 9,039
Children under age 6 with 145,509
Only native parent(s) 128,751
One or more foreign-born parents 16,758
Child is native 15,405
Child is foreign born 1,353
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 280,176
Only native parent(s) 245,406
One or more foreign-born parents 34,770
Child is native 27,084
Child is foreign born 7,686
Children in Low-Income Families* 231,099
Only native parents 194,142
One or more foreign-born parents 36,957
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.1%
Child is native 10.0%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.5%
Child is native 10.6%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.4%
Child is native 9.7%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2013 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2013 ACS, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in the total number of children; the same information is unavailable by parental nativity. This means that the sum of children of natives and children of immigrants (in absolute and percent terms) may be smaller than the total number of children.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.