E.g., 12/21/2014
E.g., 12/21/2014

State Demographics Data - NM

New Mexico

Demographics & Social
2012
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 192,188
% Foreign Born 9.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 28.5%
% change: 1990-2000 85.8%
Race (%)  
One race 98.0%
White
62.2%
Black or African American
1.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
9.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
24.7%
Two or more races 2.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 146,506
% Latino 76.2%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.9%
5-17 7.1%
18-64 78.6%
65 and older 13.4%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

42.5
Gender (% female) 48.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 21.6%
Married 61.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.1%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 1,893,350
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 13.4%
% change: 1990-2000 16.4%
Race (%)  
One race 96.7%
White 72.9%
Black or African American 2.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native 10.2%
Asian 0.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 11.0%
Two or more races 3.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 833,218
% Latino 44.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.5%
5-17 19.0%
18-64 59.4%
65 and older 14.2%
Median Age 35.6
Gender (% female) 50.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 34.5%
Married 44.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 21.2%
Foreign Born
Number 149,606
% Foreign Born 8.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 1,669,440
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 80,514
% Foreign Born 5.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 1,434,555
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

192,188
Born in Africa 2,674
Born in Asia 23,981
Born in Europe 14,108
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 147,519
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,585
Born in Oceania 321
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 China (exc. Taiwan)
Country #3 Vietnam
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

192,188
Europe 14,108
Northern Europe 3,797
United Kingdom
2,925
Ireland
261
Other Northern Europe
611
Western Europe 5,664
France
503
Germany
3,645
Other Western Europe
1,516
Southern Europe 1,089
Italy
490
Portugal
0
Other Southern Europe
599
Eastern Europe 3,558
Poland
465
Russia
814
Other Eastern Europe
2,279
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 23,981
Eastern Asia 7,441
China
5,277

China, excluding Taiwan

4,031

Taiwan

1,246
Japan
1,149
Korea
1,015
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 5,705
India
2,496
Iran
2,155
Other South Central Asia
1,054
Southeastern Asia 8,447
Philippines
3,545
Vietnam
3,825
Other Southeastern Asia
1,077
Western Asia 2,257
Israel
131
Lebanon
111
Other Western Asia
2,015
Other Asia (no country specified) 131
Africa 2,674
Eastern Africa 649
Northern Africa
362
Western Africa
438
Middle and Southern Africa
722
Other Africa (no country specified)
503
Oceania 321
Australia and New Zealand subregion 315
Oceania (no country specified) 6
Americas 151,104
Latin America 147,519
Caribbean
2,044

Cuba

1,027

Jamaica

97

Other Caribbean

920
Central America
141,415

Mexico

135,145

El Salvador

989

Other Central America

5,281
South America
4,060

Brazil

363

Colombia

873

Other South America

2,824
Northern America 3,585
Canada
3,585
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 75,753
1990-1999 47,357
2000-2009 56,787
Since 2010 12,291
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 1.4%
Born in Asia 12.5%
Born in Europe 7.3%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 76.8%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.9%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 70.3%
Country #2 2.1%
Country #3 2.0%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 7.3%
Northern Europe 2.0%
United Kingdom 1.5%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 2.9%
France 0.3%
Germany 1.9%
Other Western Europe 0.8%
Southern Europe 0.6%
Italy 0.3%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 1.9%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.4%
Other Eastern Europe 1.2%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 12.5%
Eastern Asia 3.9%
China 2.7%
China, excluding Taiwan 2.1%
Taiwan 0.6%
Japan 0.6%
Korea 0.5%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 3.0%
India 1.3%
Iran 1.1%
Other South Central Asia 0.5%
Southeastern Asia 4.4%
Philippines 1.8%
Vietnam 2.0%
Other Southeastern Asia 0.6%
Western Asia 1.2%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 1.0%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 1.4%
Eastern Africa 0.3%
Northern Africa 0.2%
Western Africa 0.2%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.4%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 0.2%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 78.6%
Latin America 76.8%
Caribbean 1.1%
Cuba 0.5%
Jamaica 0.1%
Other Caribbean 0.5%
Central America 73.6%
Mexico 70.3%
El Salvador 0.5%
Other Central America 2.7%
South America 2.1%
Brazil 0.2%
Colombia 0.5%
Other South America 1.5%
Northern America 1.9%
Canada 1.9%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 39.4%
1980-1989 24.6%
1990-1999 29.5%
Since 2000 6.4%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 149,606
Born in Africa 1,118
Born in Asia 14,330
Born in Europe 15,286
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 114,858
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,364
Cat28 650
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 Canada
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.7%
Born in Asia 9.6%
Born in Europe 10.2%
Born in Latin America 76.8%
Born in Northern America 2.2%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 71.7%
Country #2 3.7%
Country #3 2.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 78,212
Born in Africa 781
Born in Asia 9,569
Born in Europe 11,331
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 53,967
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,235
Cat21 329
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 United Kingdom
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.0%
Born in Asia 12.2%
Born in Europe 14.5%
Born in Latin America 69.0%
Born in Northern America 2.9%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 61.8%
Country #2 4.4%
Country #3 4.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 192,188
Naturalized citizens 66,010
Noncitizens 126,178
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 66,010
Before 1980 10,208
1980-1989 9,475
1990-1999 16,182
2000-2009 23,540
Since 2010 6,605
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 34.3%
Noncitizens 65.7%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 15.5%
1980-1989 14.4%
1990-1999 24.5%
2000-2009 35.7%
Since 2010 10.0%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 149,606
Naturalized citizens 52,103
Noncitizens 97,503
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 34.8%
Noncitizens 65.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 80,514
Naturalized citizens 31,915
Noncitizens 48,599
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.6%
Noncitizens 60.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 52,962
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 3,811
% married among women who gave birth
74.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
25.5%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 428,056
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 23,433
% married among women who gave birth 51.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 48.6%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.4
Average family size 3.85
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.59
Average family size 3.25
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.

 
Children under age 18 with 488,544
Only native parent(s)
395,449
One or more foreign-born parents
93,095

Child is native

80,722

Child is foreign born

12,373
Children under age 6 with 166,590
Only native parent(s)
135,814
One or more foreign-born parents
30,776

Child is native

29,445

Child is foreign born

1,331
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 321,954
Only native parent(s)
259,635
One or more foreign-born parents
62,319

Child is native

51,277

Child is foreign born

11,042
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

268,973
Only native parents 205,207
One or more foreign-born parents 63,766
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.1%
Child is native 16.5%
Child is foreign born 2.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 81.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.5%
Child is native 17.7%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.4%
Child is native 15.9%
Child is foreign born 3.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 76.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.7%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 480,691
Only native parent(s) 396,926
One or more foreign-born parents 83,765
Child is native 67,417
Child is foreign born 16,348
Children under age 6 with 147,040
Only native parent(s) 119,898
One or more foreign-born parents 27,142
Child is native 24,742
Child is foreign born 2,400
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 333,651
Only native parent(s) 277,028
One or more foreign-born parents 56,623
Child is native 42,675
Child is foreign born 13,948
Children in Low-Income Families* 247,086
Only native parents 188,317
One or more foreign-born parents 58,769
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 82.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 17.4%
Child is native 14.0%
Child is foreign born 3.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 81.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.5%
Child is native 16.8%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 83.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 17.0%
Child is native 12.8%
Child is foreign born 4.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 76.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 425,685
Only native parent(s) 374,157
One or more foreign-born parents 51,528
Child is native 42,489
Child is foreign born 9,039
Children under age 6 with 145,509
Only native parent(s) 128,751
One or more foreign-born parents 16,758
Child is native 15,405
Child is foreign born 1,353
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 280,176
Only native parent(s) 245,406
One or more foreign-born parents 34,770
Child is native 27,084
Child is foreign born 7,686
Children in Low-Income Families* 231,099
Only native parents 194,142
One or more foreign-born parents 36,957
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.1%
Child is native 10.0%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.5%
Child is native 10.6%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.4%
Child is native 9.7%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.