E.g., 06/25/2017
E.g., 06/25/2017

State Demographics Data - MN

Minnesota

Demographics & Social
2015
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 457,185
% Foreign Born 8.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 75.5%
% change: 1990-2000 130.4%
Race (%)  
One race 97.3%
White
29.1%
Black or African American
22.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
35.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
9.7%
Two or more races 2.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 105,495
% Latino 23.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.2%
5-17 10.2%
18-64 79.9%
65 and older 8.7%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

37.3
Gender (% female) 51.2%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 28.6%
Married 56.1%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 15.3%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 5,032,409
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 8.0%
% change: 1990-2000 9.3%
Race (%)  
One race 97.1%
White 89.1%
Black or African American 4.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native 1.1%
Asian 1.9%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.8%
Two or more races 2.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 176,545
% Latino 3.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.9%
5-17 17.6%
18-64 60.3%
65 and older 15.2%
Median Age 38
Gender (% female) 50.2%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 32.1%
Married 51.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.6%
Foreign Born
Number 260,463
% Foreign Born 5.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 4,659,016
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 113,039
% Foreign Born 2.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 4,262,060
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

457,185
Born in Africa 100,742
Born in Asia 177,257
Born in Europe 47,829
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 114,833
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 13,963
Born in Oceania 2,561
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 Vietnam
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

457,185
Europe 47,829
Northern Europe 9,431
United Kingdom
6,241
Ireland
1,133
Other Northern Europe
2,057
Western Europe 9,385
France
1,367
Germany
5,957
Other Western Europe
2,061
Southern Europe 2,928
Italy
640
Portugal
214
Other Southern Europe
2,074
Eastern Europe 26,048
Poland
1,961
Russia
6,534
Other Eastern Europe
17,553
Other Europe (no country specified) 37
Asia 177,257
Eastern Asia 39,883
China
23,061

China, excluding Taiwan

20,724

Taiwan

2,337
Japan
2,699
Korea
14,123
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 41,413
India
30,515
Iran
2,215
Other South Central Asia
8,683
Southeastern Asia 85,799
Philippines
7,595
Vietnam
20,213
Other Southeastern Asia
57,991
Western Asia 9,019
Israel
489
Lebanon
540
Other Western Asia
7,990
Other Asia (no country specified) 1,143
Africa 100,742
Eastern Africa 65,822
Northern Africa
3,654
Western Africa
23,517
Middle and Southern Africa
5,756
Other Africa (no country specified)
1,993
Oceania 2,561
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,508
Oceania (no country specified) 1,053
Americas 128,796
Latin America 114,833
Caribbean
5,981

Cuba

685

Jamaica

2,353

Other Caribbean

2,943
Central America
88,240

Mexico

67,344

El Salvador

6,683

Other Central America

14,213
South America
20,612

Brazil

1,556

Colombia

3,719

Other South America

15,337
Northern America 13,963
Canada
13,963
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 96,642
1990-1999 98,496
2000-2009 154,466
Since 2010 107,581
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 22.0%
Born in Asia 38.8%
Born in Europe 10.5%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 25.1%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3.1%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 16.6%
Country #2 7.6%
Country #3 4.4%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 10.5%
Northern Europe 2.1%
United Kingdom 1.4%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.4%
Western Europe 2.1%
France 0.3%
Germany 1.3%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 0.6%
Italy 0.1%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.5%
Eastern Europe 5.7%
Poland 0.4%
Russia 1.4%
Other Eastern Europe 3.8%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 38.8%
Eastern Asia 8.7%
China 5.0%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.5%
Taiwan 0.5%
Japan 0.6%
Korea 3.1%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 9.1%
India 6.7%
Iran 0.5%
Other South Central Asia 1.9%
Southeastern Asia 18.8%
Philippines 1.7%
Vietnam 4.4%
Other Southeastern Asia 12.7%
Western Asia 2.0%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 1.7%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.3%
Africa 22.0%
Eastern Africa 14.4%
Northern Africa 0.8%
Western Africa 5.1%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.3%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.4%
Oceania 0.6%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.2%
Americas 28.2%
Latin America 25.1%
Caribbean 1.3%
Cuba 0.1%
Jamaica 0.5%
Other Caribbean 0.6%
Central America 19.3%
Mexico 14.7%
El Salvador 1.5%
Other Central America 3.1%
South America 4.5%
Brazil 0.3%
Colombia 0.8%
Other South America 3.4%
Northern America 3.1%
Canada 3.1%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 21.1%
1980-1989 21.5%
1990-1999 33.8%
Since 2000 23.5%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 260,463
Born in Africa 34,469
Born in Asia 105,153
Born in Europe 43,652
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 62,556
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 13,249
Cat28 1,375
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Laos
Country #3 Vietnam
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 13.2%
Born in Asia 40.4%
Born in Europe 16.8%
Born in Latin America 24.0%
Born in Northern America 5.1%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 16.0%
Country #2 10.0%
Country #3 6.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 110,126
Born in Africa 4,783
Born in Asia 50,032
Born in Europe 34,988
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 9,237
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 10,372
Cat21 714
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Laos
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 Germany
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.3%
Born in Asia 45.4%
Born in Europe 31.8%
Born in Latin America 8.4%
Born in Northern America 9.4%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 12.7%
Country #2 9.0%
Country #3 7.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 457,185
Naturalized citizens 224,718
Noncitizens 232,467
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 224,718
Before 1980 15,097
1980-1989 20,372
1990-1999 39,175
2000-2009 76,297
Since 2010 73,777
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 49.2%
Noncitizens 50.8%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 6.7%
1980-1989 9.1%
1990-1999 17.4%
2000-2009 34.0%
Since 2010 32.8%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 260,463
Naturalized citizens 97,308
Noncitizens 163,155
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 37.4%
Noncitizens 62.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 113,039
Naturalized citizens 50,764
Noncitizens 62,275
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 44.9%
Noncitizens 55.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 158,687
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 12,917
% married among women who gave birth
75.8%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
24.2%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,107,803
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 61,697
% married among women who gave birth 70.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 29.5%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.31
Average family size 3.85
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.42
Average family size 2.99
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,238,645
Only native parent(s)
1,006,041
One or more foreign-born parents
232,604

Child is native

192,197

Child is foreign born

40,407
Children under age 6 with 410,558
Only native parent(s)
329,988
One or more foreign-born parents
80,570

Child is native

73,722

Child is foreign born

6,848
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 828,087
Only native parent(s)
676,053
One or more foreign-born parents
152,034

Child is native

118,475

Child is foreign born

33,559
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

389,125
Only native parents 262,451
One or more foreign-born parents 126,674
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 81.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.8%
Child is native 15.5%
Child is foreign born 3.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.6%
Child is native 18.0%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 81.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.4%
Child is native 14.3%
Child is foreign born 4.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 67.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 32.6%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,249,070
Only native parent(s) 1,138,170
One or more foreign-born parents 110,900
Child is native 77,187
Child is foreign born 33,713
Children under age 6 with 382,860
Only native parent(s) 342,871
One or more foreign-born parents 39,989
Child is native 34,485
Child is foreign born 5,504
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 866,210
Only native parent(s) 795,299
One or more foreign-born parents 70,911
Child is native 42,702
Child is foreign born 28,209
Children in Low-Income Families* 322,828
Only native parents 266,795
One or more foreign-born parents 56,033
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.9%
Child is native 6.2%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.4%
Child is native 9.0%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.2%
Child is native 4.9%
Child is foreign born 3.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 82.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 17.4%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,142,534
Only native parent(s) 1,090,285
One or more foreign-born parents 52,249
Child is native 38,140
Child is foreign born 14,109
Children under age 6 with 400,934
Only native parent(s) 381,842
One or more foreign-born parents 19,092
Child is native 15,944
Child is foreign born 3,148
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 741,600
Only native parent(s) 708,443
One or more foreign-born parents 33,157
Child is native 22,196
Child is foreign born 10,961
Children in Low-Income Families* 351,017
Only native parents 325,162
One or more foreign-born parents 25,855
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.6%
Child is native 3.3%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.8%
Child is native 4.0%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.5%
Child is native 3.0%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 92.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.4%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.