E.g., 06/05/2016
E.g., 06/05/2016

State Demographics Data - MI

Michigan

Demographics & Social
2014
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 636,569
% Foreign Born 6.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2014 21.6%
% change: 1990-2000 47.3%
Race (%)  
One race 97.8%
White
54.9%
Black or African American
4.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
31.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
6.4%
Two or more races 2.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 109,891
% Latino 17.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.0%
5-17 7.1%
18-64 75.4%
65 and older 16.5%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

42.9
Gender (% female) 51.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 22.7%
Married 62.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.5%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 9,273,308
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -1.5%
% change: 1990-2000 5.3%
Race (%)  
One race 97.4%
White 80.5%
Black or African American 14.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.6%
Asian 0.9%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.9%
Two or more races 2.6%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 365,204
% Latino 3.9%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.1%
5-17 17.4%
18-64 61.2%
65 and older 15.4%
Median Age 39.2
Gender (% female) 50.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 34.0%
Married 46.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.6%
Foreign Born
Number 523,589
% Foreign Born 5.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 9,414,855
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 355,393
% Foreign Born 3.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 8,939,904
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

636,569
Born in Africa 28,854
Born in Asia 318,952
Born in Europe 126,051
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 122,554
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 37,632
Born in Oceania 2,526
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 Canada
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

636,569
Europe 126,051
Northern Europe 17,265
United Kingdom
13,901
Ireland
1,116
Other Northern Europe
2,248
Western Europe 27,802
France
2,885
Germany
18,814
Other Western Europe
6,103
Southern Europe 17,186
Italy
9,743
Portugal
306
Other Southern Europe
7,137
Eastern Europe 63,606
Poland
12,126
Russia
6,437
Other Eastern Europe
45,043
Other Europe (no country specified) 192
Asia 318,952
Eastern Asia 70,360
China
38,377

China, excluding Taiwan

34,464

Taiwan

3,913
Japan
7,747
Korea
24,228
Other Eastern Asia
8
South Central Asia 96,250
India
62,687
Iran
3,828
Other South Central Asia
29,735
Southeastern Asia 39,819
Philippines
17,076
Vietnam
10,262
Other Southeastern Asia
12,481
Western Asia 109,315
Israel
1,480
Lebanon
20,698
Other Western Asia
87,137
Other Asia (no country specified) 3,208
Africa 28,854
Eastern Africa 8,558
Northern Africa
5,627
Western Africa
10,234
Middle and Southern Africa
2,931
Other Africa (no country specified)
1,504
Oceania 2,526
Australia and New Zealand subregion 2,259
Oceania (no country specified) 267
Americas 160,186
Latin America 122,554
Caribbean
12,468

Cuba

2,152

Jamaica

3,811

Other Caribbean

6,505
Central America
95,984

Mexico

81,266

El Salvador

3,295

Other Central America

11,423
South America
14,102

Brazil

3,677

Colombia

2,450

Other South America

7,975
Northern America 37,632
Canada
37,607
Other Northern America
25
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 204,846
1990-1999 148,462
2000-2009 171,673
Since 2010 111,588
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 4.5%
Born in Asia 50.1%
Born in Europe 19.8%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 19.3%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 5.9%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 13.0%
Country #2 9.7%
Country #3 6.7%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 19.8%
Northern Europe 2.7%
United Kingdom 2.2%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.4%
Western Europe 4.4%
France 0.5%
Germany 3.0%
Other Western Europe 1.0%
Southern Europe 2.7%
Italy 1.5%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 1.1%
Eastern Europe 10.0%
Poland 1.9%
Russia 1.0%
Other Eastern Europe 7.1%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 50.1%
Eastern Asia 11.1%
China 6.0%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.4%
Taiwan 0.6%
Japan 1.2%
Korea 3.8%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 15.1%
India 9.8%
Iran 0.6%
Other South Central Asia 4.7%
Southeastern Asia 6.3%
Philippines 2.7%
Vietnam 1.6%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.0%
Western Asia 17.2%
Israel 0.2%
Lebanon 3.3%
Other Western Asia 13.7%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.5%
Africa 4.5%
Eastern Africa 1.3%
Northern Africa 0.9%
Western Africa 1.6%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.5%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.2%
Oceania 0.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.4%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 25.2%
Latin America 19.3%
Caribbean 2.0%
Cuba 0.3%
Jamaica 0.6%
Other Caribbean 1.0%
Central America 15.1%
Mexico 12.8%
El Salvador 0.5%
Other Central America 1.8%
South America 2.2%
Brazil 0.6%
Colombia 0.4%
Other South America 1.3%
Northern America 5.9%
Canada 5.9%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 32.2%
1980-1989 23.3%
1990-1999 27.0%
Since 2000 17.5%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 523,589
Born in Africa 16,735
Born in Asia 209,416
Born in Europe 156,988
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 88,704
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 49,659
Cat28 2,083
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 India
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.2%
Born in Asia 40.0%
Born in Europe 30.0%
Born in Latin America 16.9%
Born in Northern America 9.5%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 11.2%
Country #2 9.5%
Country #3 6.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 345,500
Born in Africa 6,280
Born in Asia 102,732
Born in Europe 152,642
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 27,848
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 54,787
Cat21 1,211
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Canada
Country #2 United Kingdom
Country #3 Germany
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.8%
Born in Asia 29.7%
Born in Europe 44.2%
Born in Latin America 8.1%
Born in Northern America 15.9%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 15.1%
Country #2 6.8%
Country #3 6.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 636,569
Naturalized citizens 328,337
Noncitizens 308,232
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 328,337
Before 1980 58,287
1980-1989 37,405
1990-1999 62,677
2000-2009 113,824
Since 2010 56,144
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 51.6%
Noncitizens 48.4%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 17.8%
1980-1989 11.4%
1990-1999 19.1%
2000-2009 34.7%
Since 2010 17.1%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 523,589
Naturalized citizens 239,955
Noncitizens 283,634
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.8%
Noncitizens 54.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 355,393
Naturalized citizens 198,087
Noncitizens 157,306
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 55.7%
Noncitizens 44.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 187,852
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 13,717
% married among women who gave birth
90.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
9.1%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 2,109,831
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 111,811
% married among women who gave birth 56.7%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 43.3%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.11
Average family size 3.70
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.48
Average family size 3.07
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 2,121,245
Only native parent(s)
1,850,445
One or more foreign-born parents
270,800

Child is native

230,811

Child is foreign born

39,989
Children under age 6 with 665,445
Only native parent(s)
579,117
One or more foreign-born parents
86,328

Child is native

78,637

Child is foreign born

7,691
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,455,800
Only native parent(s)
1,271,328
One or more foreign-born parents
184,472

Child is native

152,174

Child is foreign born

32,298
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

926,986
Only native parents 790,887
One or more foreign-born parents 136,099
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.8%
Child is native 10.9%
Child is foreign born 1.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.0%
Child is native 11.8%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.7%
Child is native 10.5%
Child is foreign born 2.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 85.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.7%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,480,989
Only native parent(s) 2,280,730
One or more foreign-born parents 200,259
Child is native 155,058
Child is foreign born 45,201
Children under age 6 with 783,858
Only native parent(s) 712,642
One or more foreign-born parents 71,216
Child is native 62,489
Child is foreign born 8,727
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,697,131
Only native parent(s) 1,568,088
One or more foreign-born parents 129,043
Child is native 92,569
Child is foreign born 36,474
Children in Low-Income Families* 781,889
Only native parents 709,613
One or more foreign-born parents 72,276
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.1%
Child is native 6.2%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 90.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.1%
Child is native 8.0%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.6%
Child is native 5.5%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 90.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,379,291
Only native parent(s) 2,241,371
One or more foreign-born parents 137,920
Child is native 118,008
Child is foreign born 19,912
Children under age 6 with 816,445
Only native parent(s) 773,278
One or more foreign-born parents 43,167
Child is native 39,380
Child is foreign born 3,787
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,562,846
Only native parent(s) 1,468,093
One or more foreign-born parents 94,753
Child is native 78,628
Child is foreign born 16,125
Children in Low-Income Families* 854,272
Only native parents 812,487
One or more foreign-born parents 41,785
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.8%
Child is native 5.0%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.3%
Child is native 4.8%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.1%
Child is native 5.0%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 95.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2014 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.