E.g., 02/17/2017
E.g., 02/17/2017

State Demographics Data - MD

Maryland

Demographics & Social
2015
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 911,582
% Foreign Born 15.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 75.9%
% change: 1990-2000 65.3%
Race (%)  
One race 98.0%
White
28.9%
Black or African American
23.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
29.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
16.2%
Two or more races 2.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 284,671
% Latino 31.2%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.8%
5-17 6.1%
18-64 80.6%
65 and older 12.5%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

42.8
Gender (% female) 51.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 26.4%
Married 59.0%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.6%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 5,094,819
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 6.6%
% change: 1990-2000 6.9%
Race (%)  
One race 96.7%
White 61.5%
Black or African American 30.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 2.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 2.0%
Two or more races 3.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 287,592
% Latino 5.6%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.1%
5-17 18.2%
18-64 60.4%
65 and older 14.4%
Median Age 36.6
Gender (% female) 51.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 37.1%
Married 44.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.7%
Foreign Born
Number 518,315
% Foreign Born 9.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 4,778,171
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 313,494
% Foreign Born 6.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 4,467,974
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

911,582
Born in Africa 150,878
Born in Asia 304,707
Born in Europe 84,527
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 358,701
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 9,807
Born in Oceania 2,962
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 El Salvador
Country #2 India
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

911,582
Europe 84,527
Northern Europe 16,507
United Kingdom
13,230
Ireland
1,444
Other Northern Europe
1,833
Western Europe 22,165
France
5,260
Germany
13,552
Other Western Europe
3,353
Southern Europe 12,913
Italy
4,348
Portugal
1,763
Other Southern Europe
6,802
Eastern Europe 32,854
Poland
3,208
Russia
9,818
Other Eastern Europe
19,828
Other Europe (no country specified) 88
Asia 304,707
Eastern Asia 95,787
China
55,275

China, excluding Taiwan

45,662

Taiwan

9,613
Japan
4,903
Korea
35,525
Other Eastern Asia
84
South Central Asia 117,064
India
63,672
Iran
13,356
Other South Central Asia
40,036
Southeastern Asia 72,082
Philippines
36,155
Vietnam
20,725
Other Southeastern Asia
15,202
Western Asia 19,201
Israel
4,094
Lebanon
1,862
Other Western Asia
13,245
Other Asia (no country specified) 573
Africa 150,878
Eastern Africa 35,480
Northern Africa
7,666
Western Africa
83,218
Middle and Southern Africa
20,194
Other Africa (no country specified)
4,320
Oceania 2,962
Australia and New Zealand subregion 2,093
Oceania (no country specified) 869
Americas 368,508
Latin America 358,701
Caribbean
66,808

Cuba

3,099

Jamaica

21,425

Other Caribbean

42,284
Central America
225,981

Mexico

41,111

El Salvador

120,458

Other Central America

64,412
South America
65,912

Brazil

8,686

Colombia

11,952

Other South America

45,274
Northern America 9,807
Canada
9,507
Other Northern America
300
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 250,523
1990-1999 192,638
2000-2009 309,181
Since 2010 159,240
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 16.6%
Born in Asia 33.4%
Born in Europe 9.3%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 39.3%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.1%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 12.8%
Country #2 6.1%
Country #3 5.4%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 9.3%
Northern Europe 1.8%
United Kingdom 1.5%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 2.4%
France 0.6%
Germany 1.5%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 1.4%
Italy 0.5%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 0.7%
Eastern Europe 3.6%
Poland 0.4%
Russia 1.1%
Other Eastern Europe 2.2%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 33.4%
Eastern Asia 10.5%
China 6.1%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.0%
Taiwan 1.1%
Japan 0.5%
Korea 3.9%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 12.8%
India 7.0%
Iran 1.5%
Other South Central Asia 4.4%
Southeastern Asia 7.9%
Philippines 4.0%
Vietnam 2.3%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.7%
Western Asia 2.1%
Israel 0.4%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 1.5%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 16.6%
Eastern Africa 3.9%
Northern Africa 0.8%
Western Africa 9.1%
Middle and Southern Africa 2.2%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.5%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 40.4%
Latin America 39.3%
Caribbean 7.3%
Cuba 0.3%
Jamaica 2.4%
Other Caribbean 4.6%
Central America 24.8%
Mexico 4.5%
El Salvador 13.2%
Other Central America 7.1%
South America 7.2%
Brazil 1.0%
Colombia 1.3%
Other South America 5.0%
Northern America 1.1%
Canada 1.0%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 27.5%
1980-1989 21.1%
1990-1999 33.9%
Since 2000 17.5%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 518,315
Born in Africa 62,688
Born in Asia 181,504
Born in Europe 86,840
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 176,026
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 9,300
Cat28 1,957
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 El Salvador
Country #2 India
Country #3 Korea
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 12.1%
Born in Asia 35.0%
Born in Europe 16.8%
Born in Latin America 34.0%
Born in Northern America 1.8%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 8.1%
Country #2 6.2%
Country #3 6.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 303,480
Born in Africa 23,173
Born in Asia 110,826
Born in Europe 74,318
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 86,678
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 7,287
Cat21 1,198
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Korea
Country #2 India
Country #3 Germany
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 7.6%
Born in Asia 36.5%
Born in Europe 24.5%
Born in Latin America 28.6%
Born in Northern America 2.4%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 6.7%
Country #2 5.7%
Country #3 5.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 911,582
Naturalized citizens 447,550
Noncitizens 464,032
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 447,550
Before 1980 42,808
1980-1989 48,154
1990-1999 93,646
2000-2009 152,969
Since 2010 109,973
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 49.1%
Noncitizens 50.9%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 9.6%
1980-1989 10.8%
1990-1999 20.9%
2000-2009 34.2%
Since 2010 24.6%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 518,315
Naturalized citizens 234,711
Noncitizens 283,604
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.3%
Noncitizens 54.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 313,494
Naturalized citizens 127,005
Noncitizens 186,489
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.5%
Noncitizens 59.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 282,411
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 16,614
% married among women who gave birth
81.8%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
18.2%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,185,800
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 59,515
% married among women who gave birth 57.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 42.8%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.41
Average family size 3.77
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.55
Average family size 3.17
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,286,424
Only native parent(s)
923,278
One or more foreign-born parents
363,146

Child is native

311,049

Child is foreign born

52,097
Children under age 6 with 425,641
Only native parent(s)
301,708
One or more foreign-born parents
123,933

Child is native

116,489

Child is foreign born

7,444
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 860,783
Only native parent(s)
621,570
One or more foreign-born parents
239,213

Child is native

194,560

Child is foreign born

44,653
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

380,659
Only native parents 247,561
One or more foreign-born parents 133,098
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 71.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.2%
Child is native 24.2%
Child is foreign born 4.0%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.1%
Child is native 27.4%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.8%
Child is native 22.6%
Child is foreign born 5.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 65.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 35.0%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,278,940
Only native parent(s) 1,086,837
One or more foreign-born parents 192,103
Child is native 150,914
Child is foreign born 41,189
Children under age 6 with 402,464
Only native parent(s) 336,843
One or more foreign-born parents 65,621
Child is native 60,278
Child is foreign born 5,343
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 876,476
Only native parent(s) 749,994
One or more foreign-born parents 126,482
Child is native 90,636
Child is foreign born 35,846
Children in Low-Income Families* 319,092
Only native parents 268,021
One or more foreign-born parents 51,071
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.0%
Child is native 11.8%
Child is foreign born 3.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 83.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.3%
Child is native 15.0%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.4%
Child is native 10.3%
Child is foreign born 4.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.0%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,115,678
Only native parent(s) 996,077
One or more foreign-born parents 119,601
Child is native 91,130
Child is foreign born 28,471
Children under age 6 with 411,266
Only native parent(s) 368,985
One or more foreign-born parents 42,281
Child is native 37,779
Child is foreign born 4,502
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 704,412
Only native parent(s) 627,092
One or more foreign-born parents 77,320
Child is native 53,351
Child is foreign born 23,969
Children in Low-Income Families* 279,529
Only native parents 251,543
One or more foreign-born parents 27,986
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.7%
Child is native 8.2%
Child is foreign born 2.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.3%
Child is native 9.2%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.0%
Child is native 7.6%
Child is foreign born 3.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 90.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.