E.g., 08/23/2017
E.g., 08/23/2017

State Demographics Data - MA

Massachusetts

Demographics & Social
2015
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 1,095,953
% Foreign Born 16.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 41.8%
% change: 1990-2000 34.7%
Race (%)  
One race 96.3%
White
42.9%
Black or African American
16.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.2%
Asian
27.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
10.1%
Two or more races 3.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 237,762
% Latino 21.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.7%
5-17 4.7%
18-64 79.7%
65 and older 14.9%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

43.7
Gender (% female) 51.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 28.2%
Married 55.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.5%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 5,698,469
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 2.2%
% change: 1990-2000 2.5%
Race (%)  
One race 97.2%
White 86.0%
Black or African American 5.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 2.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 3.0%
Two or more races 2.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 520,186
% Latino 9.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.3%
5-17 17.0%
18-64 61.2%
65 and older 15.5%
Median Age 37.8
Gender (% female) 51.4%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 39.4%
Married 43.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.1%
Foreign Born
Number 772,983
% Foreign Born 12.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 5,576,114
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 573,733
% Foreign Born 9.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 5,442,692
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

1,095,953
Born in Africa 100,027
Born in Asia 332,447
Born in Europe 232,857
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 392,607
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 34,530
Born in Oceania 3,485
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 China (exc. Taiwan)
Country #2 Portugal
Country #3 Brazil
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

1,095,953
Europe 232,857
Northern Europe 43,199
United Kingdom
23,268
Ireland
15,239
Other Northern Europe
4,692
Western Europe 27,929
France
7,567
Germany
13,560
Other Western Europe
6,802
Southern Europe 84,807
Italy
17,285
Portugal
50,568
Other Southern Europe
16,954
Eastern Europe 76,899
Poland
10,132
Russia
21,716
Other Eastern Europe
45,051
Other Europe (no country specified) 23
Asia 332,447
Eastern Asia 135,040
China
111,202

China, excluding Taiwan

104,217

Taiwan

6,985
Japan
5,970
Korea
17,573
Other Eastern Asia
295
South Central Asia 91,359
India
65,917
Iran
5,183
Other South Central Asia
20,259
Southeastern Asia 78,779
Philippines
13,043
Vietnam
38,109
Other Southeastern Asia
27,627
Western Asia 27,047
Israel
4,566
Lebanon
5,502
Other Western Asia
16,979
Other Asia (no country specified) 222
Africa 100,027
Eastern Africa 24,073
Northern Africa
17,045
Western Africa
50,783
Middle and Southern Africa
6,081
Other Africa (no country specified)
2,045
Oceania 3,485
Australia and New Zealand subregion 2,757
Oceania (no country specified) 728
Americas 427,137
Latin America 392,607
Caribbean
172,282

Cuba

2,740

Jamaica

16,856

Other Caribbean

152,686
Central America
97,761

Mexico

16,953

El Salvador

36,239

Other Central America

44,569
South America
122,564

Brazil

66,259

Colombia

22,969

Other South America

33,336
Northern America 34,530
Canada
33,757
Other Northern America
773
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 338,410
1990-1999 232,628
2000-2009 309,542
Since 2010 215,373
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 9.1%
Born in Asia 30.3%
Born in Europe 21.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 35.8%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3.2%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 8.2%
Country #2 5.7%
Country #3 5.6%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 21.2%
Northern Europe 3.9%
United Kingdom 2.1%
Ireland 1.4%
Other Northern Europe 0.4%
Western Europe 2.5%
France 0.7%
Germany 1.2%
Other Western Europe 0.6%
Southern Europe 7.7%
Italy 1.6%
Portugal 4.6%
Other Southern Europe 1.5%
Eastern Europe 7.0%
Poland 0.9%
Russia 2.0%
Other Eastern Europe 4.1%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 30.3%
Eastern Asia 12.3%
China 10.1%
China, excluding Taiwan 9.5%
Taiwan 0.6%
Japan 0.5%
Korea 1.6%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 8.3%
India 6.0%
Iran 0.5%
Other South Central Asia 1.8%
Southeastern Asia 7.2%
Philippines 1.2%
Vietnam 3.5%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.5%
Western Asia 2.5%
Israel 0.4%
Lebanon 0.5%
Other Western Asia 1.5%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 9.1%
Eastern Africa 2.2%
Northern Africa 1.6%
Western Africa 4.6%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.6%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.2%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 39.0%
Latin America 35.8%
Caribbean 15.7%
Cuba 0.3%
Jamaica 1.5%
Other Caribbean 13.9%
Central America 8.9%
Mexico 1.5%
El Salvador 3.3%
Other Central America 4.1%
South America 11.2%
Brazil 6.0%
Colombia 2.1%
Other South America 3.0%
Northern America 3.2%
Canada 3.1%
Other Northern America 0.1%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 30.9%
1980-1989 21.2%
1990-1999 28.2%
Since 2000 19.7%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 772,983
Born in Africa 47,770
Born in Asia 201,598
Born in Europe 248,614
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 231,759
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 40,714
Cat28 2,517
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Portugal
Country #2 China (exc. Taiwan)
Country #3 Dominican Republic
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 6.2%
Born in Asia 26.1%
Born in Europe 32.2%
Born in Latin America 30.0%
Born in Northern America 5.3%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 8.6%
Country #2 6.1%
Country #3 6.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 552,059
Born in Africa 21,557
Born in Asia 116,608
Born in Europe 241,703
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 117,526
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 53,072
Cat21 1,593
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Portugal
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 Italy
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.9%
Born in Asia 21.1%
Born in Europe 43.8%
Born in Latin America 21.3%
Born in Northern America 9.6%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 12.7%
Country #2 9.1%
Country #3 6.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,095,953
Naturalized citizens 572,765
Noncitizens 523,188
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 572,765
Before 1980 69,602
1980-1989 57,305
1990-1999 108,274
2000-2009 193,951
Since 2010 143,633
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 52.3%
Noncitizens 47.7%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 12.2%
1980-1989 10.0%
1990-1999 18.9%
2000-2009 33.9%
Since 2010 25.1%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 772,983
Naturalized citizens 337,617
Noncitizens 435,366
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 43.7%
Noncitizens 56.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 573,733
Naturalized citizens 262,079
Noncitizens 311,654
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.7%
Noncitizens 54.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 337,280
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 19,596
% married among women who gave birth
76.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
23.8%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,335,946
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 52,564
% married among women who gave birth 64.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 35.5%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.96
Average family size 3.47
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.46
Average family size 3.10
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,334,975
Only native parent(s)
954,105
One or more foreign-born parents
380,870

Child is native

334,100

Child is foreign born

46,770
Children under age 6 with 425,202
Only native parent(s)
292,844
One or more foreign-born parents
132,358

Child is native

123,044

Child is foreign born

9,314
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 909,773
Only native parent(s)
661,261
One or more foreign-born parents
248,512

Child is native

211,056

Child is foreign born

37,456
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

386,471
Only native parents 242,305
One or more foreign-born parents 144,166
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 71.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.5%
Child is native 25.0%
Child is foreign born 3.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 68.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 31.1%
Child is native 28.9%
Child is foreign born 2.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.3%
Child is native 23.2%
Child is foreign born 4.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 62.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 37.3%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,447,376
Only native parent(s) 1,171,636
One or more foreign-born parents 275,740
Child is native 220,139
Child is foreign born 55,601
Children under age 6 with 463,493
Only native parent(s) 372,573
One or more foreign-born parents 90,920
Child is native 82,640
Child is foreign born 8,280
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 983,883
Only native parent(s) 799,063
One or more foreign-born parents 184,820
Child is native 137,499
Child is foreign born 47,321
Children in Low-Income Families* 374,483
Only native parents 273,161
One or more foreign-born parents 101,322
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.1%
Child is native 15.2%
Child is foreign born 3.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.6%
Child is native 17.8%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 81.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.8%
Child is native 14.0%
Child is foreign born 4.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,313,880
Only native parent(s) 1,109,677
One or more foreign-born parents 204,203
Child is native 158,838
Child is foreign born 45,365
Children under age 6 with 477,583
Only native parent(s) 407,382
One or more foreign-born parents 70,201
Child is native 62,751
Child is foreign born 7,450
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 836,297
Only native parent(s) 702,295
One or more foreign-born parents 134,002
Child is native 96,087
Child is foreign born 37,915
Children in Low-Income Families* 344,066
Only native parents 274,803
One or more foreign-born parents 69,263
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 84.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.5%
Child is native 12.1%
Child is foreign born 3.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.7%
Child is native 13.1%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 84.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.0%
Child is native 11.5%
Child is foreign born 4.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 79.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.1%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.