E.g., 07/25/2017
E.g., 07/25/2017

State Demographics Data - KY

Kentucky

Demographics & Social
2015
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 157,336
% Foreign Born 3.6%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 96.0%
% change: 1990-2000 135.3%
Race (%)  
One race 97.5%
White
48.7%
Black or African American
8.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.5%
Asian
27.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.4%
Other race
11.9%
Two or more races 2.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 55,594
% Latino 35.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.3%
5-17 10.3%
18-64 78.4%
65 and older 10.0%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

37.1
Gender (% female) 49.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 28.2%
Married 58.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 13.4%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 4,267,756
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 7.7%
% change: 1990-2000 8.5%
Race (%)  
One race 97.9%
White 88.8%
Black or African American 8.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 0.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 0.5%
Two or more races 2.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 90,533
% Latino 2.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.4%
5-17 16.9%
18-64 61.3%
65 and older 15.4%
Median Age 39
Gender (% female) 50.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 28.6%
Married 48.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 22.7%
Foreign Born
Number 80,271
% Foreign Born 2.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 3,961,498
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 34,119
% Foreign Born 0.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 3,651,177
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

157,336
Born in Africa 12,795
Born in Asia 55,992
Born in Europe 23,696
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 59,326
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4,413
Born in Oceania 1,114
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Cuba
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

157,336
Europe 23,696
Northern Europe 4,763
United Kingdom
3,467
Ireland
467
Other Northern Europe
829
Western Europe 7,361
France
856
Germany
5,850
Other Western Europe
655
Southern Europe 2,119
Italy
560
Portugal
126
Other Southern Europe
1,433
Eastern Europe 9,453
Poland
161
Russia
1,751
Other Eastern Europe
7,541
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 55,992
Eastern Asia 14,826
China
7,818

China, excluding Taiwan

7,508

Taiwan

310
Japan
2,908
Korea
4,029
Other Eastern Asia
71
South Central Asia 17,738
India
10,657
Iran
983
Other South Central Asia
6,098
Southeastern Asia 14,228
Philippines
6,974
Vietnam
2,853
Other Southeastern Asia
4,401
Western Asia 8,824
Israel
45
Lebanon
458
Other Western Asia
8,321
Other Asia (no country specified) 376
Africa 12,795
Eastern Africa 6,456
Northern Africa
1,108
Western Africa
2,099
Middle and Southern Africa
2,722
Other Africa (no country specified)
410
Oceania 1,114
Australia and New Zealand subregion 400
Oceania (no country specified) 714
Americas 63,739
Latin America 59,326
Caribbean
10,439

Cuba

7,879

Jamaica

663

Other Caribbean

1,897
Central America
44,190

Mexico

31,454

El Salvador

2,060

Other Central America

10,676
South America
4,697

Brazil

835

Colombia

843

Other South America

3,019
Northern America 4,413
Canada
4,309
Other Northern America
104
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 26,131
1990-1999 32,445
2000-2009 54,205
Since 2010 44,555
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 8.1%
Born in Asia 35.6%
Born in Europe 15.1%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 37.7%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.8%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 22.2%
Country #2 6.7%
Country #3 5.8%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 15.1%
Northern Europe 3.0%
United Kingdom 2.2%
Ireland 0.3%
Other Northern Europe 0.5%
Western Europe 4.7%
France 0.5%
Germany 3.7%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 1.3%
Italy 0.4%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.9%
Eastern Europe 6.0%
Poland 0.1%
Russia 1.1%
Other Eastern Europe 4.8%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 35.6%
Eastern Asia 9.4%
China 5.0%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.8%
Taiwan 0.2%
Japan 1.8%
Korea 2.6%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 11.3%
India 6.8%
Iran 0.6%
Other South Central Asia 3.9%
Southeastern Asia 9.0%
Philippines 4.4%
Vietnam 1.8%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.8%
Western Asia 5.6%
Israel 0.0%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 5.3%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.2%
Africa 8.1%
Eastern Africa 4.1%
Northern Africa 0.7%
Western Africa 1.3%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.7%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 0.7%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.5%
Americas 40.5%
Latin America 37.7%
Caribbean 6.6%
Cuba 5.0%
Jamaica 0.4%
Other Caribbean 1.2%
Central America 28.1%
Mexico 20.0%
El Salvador 1.3%
Other Central America 6.8%
South America 3.0%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 0.5%
Other South America 1.9%
Northern America 2.8%
Canada 2.7%
Other Northern America 0.1%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 16.6%
1980-1989 20.6%
1990-1999 34.5%
Since 2000 28.3%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 80,271
Born in Africa 3,229
Born in Asia 26,814
Born in Europe 20,575
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 25,627
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,549
Cat28 471
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 India
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.0%
Born in Asia 33.4%
Born in Europe 25.6%
Born in Latin America 31.9%
Born in Northern America 4.4%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 19.3%
Country #2 8.3%
Country #3 6.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 32,745
Born in Africa 1,007
Born in Asia 13,253
Born in Europe 11,961
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 4,216
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,062
Cat21 246
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Germany
Country #2 United Kingdom
Country #3 Korea
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.1%
Born in Asia 40.5%
Born in Europe 36.5%
Born in Latin America 12.9%
Born in Northern America 6.3%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 16.1%
Country #2 7.0%
Country #3 6.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 157,336
Naturalized citizens 58,196
Noncitizens 99,140
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 58,196
Before 1980 6,359
1980-1989 6,025
1990-1999 9,520
2000-2009 19,757
Since 2010 16,535
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 37.0%
Noncitizens 63.0%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 10.9%
1980-1989 10.4%
1990-1999 16.4%
2000-2009 33.9%
Since 2010 28.4%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 80,271
Naturalized citizens 27,569
Noncitizens 52,702
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 34.3%
Noncitizens 65.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 34,119
Naturalized citizens 15,890
Noncitizens 18,229
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.6%
Noncitizens 53.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 50,498
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 4,030
% married among women who gave birth
79.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
20.1%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 981,845
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 49,895
% married among women who gave birth 63.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 36.1%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.13
Average family size 3.59
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.48
Average family size 3.05
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 933,840
Only native parent(s)
859,861
One or more foreign-born parents
73,979

Child is native

59,086

Child is foreign born

14,893
Children under age 6 with 308,416
Only native parent(s)
282,819
One or more foreign-born parents
25,597

Child is native

22,719

Child is foreign born

2,878
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 625,424
Only native parent(s)
577,042
One or more foreign-born parents
48,382

Child is native

36,367

Child is foreign born

12,015
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

432,894
Only native parents 386,210
One or more foreign-born parents 46,684
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.9%
Child is native 6.3%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.3%
Child is native 7.4%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.7%
Child is native 5.8%
Child is foreign born 1.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 89.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 951,152
Only native parent(s) 921,559
One or more foreign-born parents 29,593
Child is native 21,858
Child is foreign born 7,735
Children under age 6 with 305,402
Only native parent(s) 293,942
One or more foreign-born parents 11,460
Child is native 9,802
Child is foreign born 1,658
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 645,750
Only native parent(s) 627,617
One or more foreign-born parents 18,133
Child is native 12,056
Child is foreign born 6,077
Children in Low-Income Families* 415,461
Only native parents 403,271
One or more foreign-born parents 12,190
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.1%
Child is native 2.3%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.8%
Child is native 3.2%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.8%
Child is native 1.9%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 97.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 918,500
Only native parent(s) 903,291
One or more foreign-born parents 15,209
Child is native 12,609
Child is foreign born 2,600
Children under age 6 with 294,412
Only native parent(s) 289,184
One or more foreign-born parents 5,228
Child is native 4,671
Child is foreign born 557
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 624,088
Only native parent(s) 614,107
One or more foreign-born parents 9,981
Child is native 7,938
Child is foreign born 2,043
Children in Low-Income Families* 434,288
Only native parents 428,603
One or more foreign-born parents 5,685
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.7%
Child is native 1.4%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.8%
Child is native 1.6%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.6%
Child is native 1.3%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 98.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.3%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.