E.g., 07/25/2017
E.g., 07/25/2017

State Demographics Data - HI

Hawaii

Demographics & Social
2015
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 253,414
% Foreign Born 17.7%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 19.4%
% change: 1990-2000 30.4%
Race (%)  
One race 97.5%
White
10.8%
Black or African American
0.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.0%
Asian
78.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
6.5%
Other race
0.9%
Two or more races 2.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 15,602
% Latino 6.2%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.4%
5-17 4.8%
18-64 72.0%
65 and older 22.9%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

49.7
Gender (% female) 57.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 19.4%
Married 61.1%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.4%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 1,178,189
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 17.9%
% change: 1990-2000 5.7%
Race (%)  
One race 70.8%
White 29.3%
Black or African American 2.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.0%
Asian 28.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 10.0%
Other race 0.7%
Two or more races 29.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 133,103
% Latino 11.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.7%
5-17 17.6%
18-64 59.5%
65 and older 15.2%
Median Age 34.3
Gender (% female) 47.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 37.3%
Married 46.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.5%
Foreign Born
Number 212,229
% Foreign Born 17.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 999,308
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 162,704
% Foreign Born 14.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 945,525
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

253,414
Born in Africa 1,909
Born in Asia 202,744
Born in Europe 12,511
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 14,558
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,937
Born in Oceania 18,755
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Philippines
Country #2 Japan
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

253,414
Europe 12,511
Northern Europe 2,807
United Kingdom
1,967
Ireland
130
Other Northern Europe
710
Western Europe 4,037
France
646
Germany
3,088
Other Western Europe
303
Southern Europe 1,355
Italy
374
Portugal
559
Other Southern Europe
422
Eastern Europe 4,312
Poland
159
Russia
909
Other Eastern Europe
3,244
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 202,744
Eastern Asia 66,640
China
27,015

China, excluding Taiwan

23,990

Taiwan

3,025
Japan
22,424
Korea
17,201
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 3,321
India
1,817
Iran
384
Other South Central Asia
1,120
Southeastern Asia 132,060
Philippines
119,400
Vietnam
8,808
Other Southeastern Asia
3,852
Western Asia 667
Israel
337
Lebanon
0
Other Western Asia
330
Other Asia (no country specified) 56
Africa 1,909
Eastern Africa 559
Northern Africa
208
Western Africa
798
Middle and Southern Africa
344
Other Africa (no country specified)
0
Oceania 18,755
Australia and New Zealand subregion 2,156
Oceania (no country specified) 16,599
Americas 17,495
Latin America 14,558
Caribbean
1,221

Cuba

86

Jamaica

224

Other Caribbean

911
Central America
8,222

Mexico

7,205

El Salvador

138

Other Central America

879
South America
5,115

Brazil

1,658

Colombia

850

Other South America

2,607
Northern America 2,937
Canada
2,937
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 103,398
1990-1999 53,107
2000-2009 58,039
Since 2010 38,870
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 0.8%
Born in Asia 80.0%
Born in Europe 4.9%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5.7%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.2%
Born in Oceania 7.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 46.3%
Country #2 8.6%
Country #3 7.6%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 4.9%
Northern Europe 1.1%
United Kingdom 0.8%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 1.6%
France 0.3%
Germany 1.2%
Other Western Europe 0.1%
Southern Europe 0.5%
Italy 0.1%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 0.2%
Eastern Europe 1.7%
Poland 0.1%
Russia 0.4%
Other Eastern Europe 1.3%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 80.0%
Eastern Asia 26.3%
China 10.7%
China, excluding Taiwan 9.5%
Taiwan 1.2%
Japan 8.8%
Korea 6.8%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 1.3%
India 0.7%
Iran 0.2%
Other South Central Asia 0.4%
Southeastern Asia 52.1%
Philippines 47.1%
Vietnam 3.5%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.5%
Western Asia 0.3%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.0%
Other Western Asia 0.1%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 0.8%
Eastern Africa 0.2%
Northern Africa 0.1%
Western Africa 0.3%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.1%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.0%
Oceania 7.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.9%
Oceania (no country specified) 6.6%
Americas 6.9%
Latin America 5.7%
Caribbean 0.5%
Cuba 0.0%
Jamaica 0.1%
Other Caribbean 0.4%
Central America 3.2%
Mexico 2.8%
El Salvador 0.1%
Other Central America 0.3%
South America 2.0%
Brazil 0.7%
Colombia 0.3%
Other South America 1.0%
Northern America 1.2%
Canada 1.2%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 40.8%
1980-1989 21.0%
1990-1999 22.9%
Since 2000 15.3%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 212,229
Born in Africa 1,040
Born in Asia 176,707
Born in Europe 10,479
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 6,788
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,763
Cat28 13,452
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Philippines
Country #2 Japan
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.5%
Born in Asia 83.3%
Born in Europe 4.9%
Born in Latin America 3.2%
Born in Northern America 1.8%
Born in Oceania 6.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 48.1%
Country #2 9.7%
Country #3 8.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 158,428
Born in Africa 699
Born in Asia 133,735
Born in Europe 8,382
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,396
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,979
Cat21 8,237
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Philippines
Country #2 Japan
Country #3 Korea
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.4%
Born in Asia 84.4%
Born in Europe 5.3%
Born in Latin America 2.1%
Born in Northern America 2.5%
Born in Oceania 5.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 45.2%
Country #2 11.2%
Country #3 8.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 253,414
Naturalized citizens 146,485
Noncitizens 106,929
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 146,485
Before 1980 28,405
1980-1989 31,030
1990-1999 30,981
2000-2009 34,487
Since 2010 21,582
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 57.8%
Noncitizens 42.2%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 19.4%
1980-1989 21.2%
1990-1999 21.1%
2000-2009 23.5%
Since 2010 14.7%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 212,229
Naturalized citizens 127,532
Noncitizens 84,697
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 60.1%
Noncitizens 39.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 162,704
Naturalized citizens 89,983
Noncitizens 72,721
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 55.3%
Noncitizens 44.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 70,167
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 3,632
% married among women who gave birth
71.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
28.4%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 252,172
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 14,833
% married among women who gave birth 63.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 36.5%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.69
Average family size 4.27
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.97
Average family size 3.54
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 294,062
Only native parent(s)
211,526
One or more foreign-born parents
82,536

Child is native

72,001

Child is foreign born

10,535
Children under age 6 with 104,933
Only native parent(s)
81,402
One or more foreign-born parents
23,531

Child is native

22,335

Child is foreign born

1,196
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 189,129
Only native parent(s)
130,124
One or more foreign-born parents
59,005

Child is native

49,666

Child is foreign born

9,339
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

84,101
Only native parents 57,934
One or more foreign-born parents 26,167
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 71.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.1%
Child is native 24.5%
Child is foreign born 3.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 77.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.4%
Child is native 21.3%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 68.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 31.2%
Child is native 26.3%
Child is foreign born 4.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 68.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 31.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 277,499
Only native parent(s) 200,000
One or more foreign-born parents 77,499
Child is native 64,548
Child is foreign born 12,951
Children under age 6 with 88,825
Only native parent(s) 64,339
One or more foreign-born parents 24,486
Child is native 22,843
Child is foreign born 1,643
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 188,674
Only native parent(s) 135,661
One or more foreign-born parents 53,013
Child is native 41,705
Child is foreign born 11,308
Children in Low-Income Families* 93,105
Only native parents 67,181
One or more foreign-born parents 25,924
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.9%
Child is native 23.3%
Child is foreign born 4.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.6%
Child is native 25.7%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 71.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.1%
Child is native 22.1%
Child is foreign born 6.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 268,010
Only native parent(s) 201,612
One or more foreign-born parents 66,398
Child is native 54,779
Child is foreign born 11,619
Children under age 6 with 95,186
Only native parent(s) 73,956
One or more foreign-born parents 21,230
Child is native 20,166
Child is foreign born 1,064
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 172,824
Only native parent(s) 127,656
One or more foreign-born parents 45,168
Child is native 34,613
Child is foreign born 10,555
Children in Low-Income Families* 80,512
Only native parents 61,264
One or more foreign-born parents 19,248
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 75.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.8%
Child is native 20.4%
Child is foreign born 4.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 77.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.3%
Child is native 21.2%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.1%
Child is native 20.0%
Child is foreign born 6.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 76.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.