E.g., 04/22/2017
E.g., 04/22/2017

State Demographics Data - CA

California

Demographics & Social
2015
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 10,688,336
% Foreign Born 27.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 20.6%
% change: 1990-2000 37.2%
Race (%)  
One race 98.2%
White
42.3%
Black or African American
1.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
33.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.4%
Other race
20.0%
Two or more races 1.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 5,390,062
% Latino 50.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.5%
5-17 3.7%
18-64 79.6%
65 and older 16.2%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

46.1
Gender (% female) 51.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 23.9%
Married 59.9%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.1%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 28,456,482
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 13.8%
% change: 1990-2000 7.3%
Race (%)  
One race 94.5%
White 67.8%
Black or African American 7.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.8%
Asian 6.9%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.4%
Other race 11.1%
Two or more races 5.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 9,794,483
% Latino 34.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 8.6%
5-17 21.8%
18-64 57.4%
65 and older 12.1%
Median Age 29.9
Gender (% female) 49.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 43.5%
Married 39.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.0%
Foreign Born
Number 8,864,255
% Foreign Born 26.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 25,007,393
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 6,458,825
% Foreign Born 21.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 23,301,196
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

10,688,122
Born in Africa 188,077
Born in Asia 4,127,957
Born in Europe 680,397
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5,476,742
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 137,794
Born in Oceania 77,155
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

10,688,122
Europe 680,397
Northern Europe 178,864
United Kingdom
131,305
Ireland
18,476
Other Northern Europe
29,083
Western Europe 161,637
France
38,455
Germany
82,613
Other Western Europe
40,569
Southern Europe 85,318
Italy
31,083
Portugal
24,937
Other Southern Europe
29,298
Eastern Europe 253,219
Poland
20,553
Russia
66,702
Other Eastern Europe
165,964
Other Europe (no country specified) 1,359
Asia 4,127,957
Eastern Asia 1,352,767
China
909,816

China, excluding Taiwan

728,326

Taiwan

181,490
Japan
110,174
Korea
328,326
Other Eastern Asia
4,451
South Central Asia 814,393
India
477,330
Iran
213,689
Other South Central Asia
123,374
Southeastern Asia 1,658,276
Philippines
863,513
Vietnam
511,527
Other Southeastern Asia
283,236
Western Asia 289,804
Israel
31,764
Lebanon
34,627
Other Western Asia
223,413
Other Asia (no country specified) 12,717
Africa 188,077
Eastern Africa 64,458
Northern Africa
51,115
Western Africa
40,324
Middle and Southern Africa
24,467
Other Africa (no country specified)
7,713
Oceania 77,155
Australia and New Zealand subregion 26,722
Oceania (no country specified) 50,433
Americas 5,614,536
Latin America 5,476,742
Caribbean
72,846

Cuba

32,595

Jamaica

14,506

Other Caribbean

25,745
Central America
5,150,349

Mexico

4,273,914

El Salvador

428,481

Other Central America

447,954
South America
253,547

Brazil

37,306

Colombia

43,272

Other South America

172,969
Northern America 137,794
Canada
136,651
Other Northern America
1,143
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 4,368,327
1990-1999 2,584,270
2000-2009 2,536,631
Since 2010 1,199,108
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 1.8%
Born in Asia 38.6%
Born in Europe 6.4%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 51.2%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.3%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 41.4%
Country #2 8.1%
Country #3 5.9%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 6.4%
Northern Europe 1.7%
United Kingdom 1.2%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 1.5%
France 0.4%
Germany 0.8%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 0.8%
Italy 0.3%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 2.4%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.6%
Other Eastern Europe 1.6%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 38.6%
Eastern Asia 12.7%
China 8.5%
China, excluding Taiwan 6.8%
Taiwan 1.7%
Japan 1.0%
Korea 3.1%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 7.6%
India 4.5%
Iran 2.0%
Other South Central Asia 1.2%
Southeastern Asia 15.5%
Philippines 8.1%
Vietnam 4.8%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.7%
Western Asia 2.7%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 2.1%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 1.8%
Eastern Africa 0.6%
Northern Africa 0.5%
Western Africa 0.4%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.2%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.1%
Oceania 0.7%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.5%
Americas 52.5%
Latin America 51.2%
Caribbean 0.7%
Cuba 0.3%
Jamaica 0.1%
Other Caribbean 0.2%
Central America 48.2%
Mexico 40.0%
El Salvador 4.0%
Other Central America 4.2%
South America 2.4%
Brazil 0.3%
Colombia 0.4%
Other South America 1.6%
Northern America 1.3%
Canada 1.3%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 40.9%
1980-1989 24.2%
1990-1999 23.7%
Since 2000 11.2%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 8,864,255
Born in Africa 113,255
Born in Asia 2,918,642
Born in Europe 696,578
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 4,926,803
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 141,779
Cat28 67,131
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.3%
Born in Asia 32.9%
Born in Europe 7.9%
Born in Latin America 55.6%
Born in Northern America 1.6%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 44.3%
Country #2 7.5%
Country #3 4.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 6,194,042
Born in Africa 65,864
Born in Asia 2,000,601
Born in Europe 672,264
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,259,414
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 151,023
Cat21 44,876
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 El Salvador
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.1%
Born in Asia 32.3%
Born in Europe 10.9%
Born in Latin America 52.6%
Born in Northern America 2.4%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 38.0%
Country #2 7.5%
Country #3 4.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 10,688,336
Naturalized citizens 5,314,136
Noncitizens 5,374,200
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 5,314,136
Before 1980 491,006
1980-1989 731,674
1990-1999 1,375,072
2000-2009 1,750,557
Since 2010 965,827
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 49.7%
Noncitizens 50.3%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 9.2%
1980-1989 13.8%
1990-1999 25.9%
2000-2009 32.9%
Since 2010 18.2%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 8,864,255
Naturalized citizens 3,473,266
Noncitizens 5,390,989
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.2%
Noncitizens 60.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 6,458,825
Naturalized citizens 2,017,610
Noncitizens 4,441,215
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 31.2%
Noncitizens 68.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 3,081,500
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 169,314
% married among women who gave birth
74.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
25.5%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 6,595,565
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 309,499
% married among women who gave birth 61.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 38.4%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.63
Average family size 4.01
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.65
Average family size 3.27
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 8,702,531
Only native parent(s)
4,389,465
One or more foreign-born parents
4,313,066

Child is native

3,913,066

Child is foreign born

400,000
Children under age 6 with 2,886,089
Only native parent(s)
1,576,739
One or more foreign-born parents
1,309,350

Child is native

1,250,502

Child is foreign born

58,848
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 5,816,442
Only native parent(s)
2,812,726
One or more foreign-born parents
3,003,716

Child is native

2,662,564

Child is foreign born

341,152
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

3,847,641
Only native parents 1,536,730
One or more foreign-born parents 2,310,911
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 50.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 49.6%
Child is native 45.0%
Child is foreign born 4.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 54.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 45.4%
Child is native 43.3%
Child is foreign born 2.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 48.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 51.6%
Child is native 45.8%
Child is foreign born 5.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 39.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 60.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 8,665,495
Only native parent(s) 4,562,505
One or more foreign-born parents 4,102,990
Child is native 3,350,480
Child is foreign born 752,510
Children under age 6 with 2,802,560
Only native parent(s) 1,451,874
One or more foreign-born parents 1,350,686
Child is native 1,246,648
Child is foreign born 104,038
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 5,862,935
Only native parent(s) 3,110,631
One or more foreign-born parents 2,752,304
Child is native 2,103,832
Child is foreign born 648,472
Children in Low-Income Families* 3,618,200
Only native parents 1,391,962
One or more foreign-born parents 2,226,238
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 52.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 47.3%
Child is native 38.7%
Child is foreign born 8.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 51.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 48.2%
Child is native 44.5%
Child is foreign born 3.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 53.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 46.9%
Child is native 35.9%
Child is foreign born 11.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 38.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 61.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 7,339,599
Only native parent(s) 4,518,986
One or more foreign-born parents 2,820,613
Child is native 2,065,919
Child is foreign born 754,694
Children under age 6 with 2,721,307
Only native parent(s) 1,688,217
One or more foreign-born parents 1,033,090
Child is native 901,882
Child is foreign born 131,208
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 4,618,292
Only native parent(s) 2,830,769
One or more foreign-born parents 1,787,523
Child is native 1,164,037
Child is foreign born 623,486
Children in Low-Income Families* 2,844,587
Only native parents 1,333,615
One or more foreign-born parents 1,510,972
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 61.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.4%
Child is native 28.1%
Child is foreign born 10.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 62.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.0%
Child is native 33.1%
Child is foreign born 4.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 61.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.7%
Child is native 25.2%
Child is foreign born 13.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 46.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 53.1%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.