E.g., 06/29/2016
E.g., 06/29/2016

State Demographics Data - CA

California

Demographics & Social
2014
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 10,512,399
% Foreign Born 27.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2014 18.6%
% change: 1990-2000 37.2%
Race (%)  
One race 97.9%
White
42.8%
Black or African American
1.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
32.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.3%
Other race
20.2%
Two or more races 2.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 5,394,766
% Latino 51.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.5%
5-17 4.0%
18-64 79.8%
65 and older 15.7%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

45.7
Gender (% female) 51.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.1%
Married 59.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.2%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 28,290,101
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 13.1%
% change: 1990-2000 7.3%
Race (%)  
One race 94.5%
White 68.3%
Black or African American 7.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.9%
Asian 6.9%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.4%
Other race 10.6%
Two or more races 5.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 9,594,004
% Latino 33.9%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 8.7%
5-17 22.0%
18-64 57.5%
65 and older 11.8%
Median Age 29.8
Gender (% female) 49.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 43.0%
Married 39.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.3%
Foreign Born
Number 8,864,255
% Foreign Born 26.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 25,007,393
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 6,458,825
% Foreign Born 21.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 23,301,196
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

10,512,292
Born in Africa 170,320
Born in Asia 3,975,591
Born in Europe 673,268
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5,481,745
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 139,138
Born in Oceania 72,230
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

10,512,292
Europe 673,268
Northern Europe 180,444
United Kingdom
132,624
Ireland
19,446
Other Northern Europe
28,374
Western Europe 155,936
France
33,699
Germany
79,752
Other Western Europe
42,485
Southern Europe 83,988
Italy
31,205
Portugal
23,026
Other Southern Europe
29,757
Eastern Europe 250,910
Poland
20,689
Russia
68,116
Other Eastern Europe
162,105
Other Europe (no country specified) 1,990
Asia 3,975,591
Eastern Asia 1,283,611
China
833,294

China, excluding Taiwan

664,379

Taiwan

168,915
Japan
107,286
Korea
337,775
Other Eastern Asia
5,256
South Central Asia 766,751
India
441,600
Iran
201,991
Other South Central Asia
123,160
Southeastern Asia 1,639,821
Philippines
854,142
Vietnam
508,002
Other Southeastern Asia
277,677
Western Asia 273,786
Israel
34,207
Lebanon
30,972
Other Western Asia
208,607
Other Asia (no country specified) 11,622
Africa 170,320
Eastern Africa 53,360
Northern Africa
49,580
Western Africa
34,301
Middle and Southern Africa
24,721
Other Africa (no country specified)
8,358
Oceania 72,230
Australia and New Zealand subregion 25,902
Oceania (no country specified) 46,328
Americas 5,620,883
Latin America 5,481,745
Caribbean
68,709

Cuba

32,444

Jamaica

13,464

Other Caribbean

22,801
Central America
5,166,840

Mexico

4,287,479

El Salvador

432,232

Other Central America

447,129
South America
246,196

Brazil

31,758

Colombia

42,548

Other South America

171,890
Northern America 139,138
Canada
138,786
Other Northern America
352
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 4,459,916
1990-1999 2,591,614
2000-2009 2,552,871
Since 2010 907,998
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 1.6%
Born in Asia 37.8%
Born in Europe 6.4%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 52.1%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.3%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 41.4%
Country #2 8.1%
Country #3 5.9%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 6.4%
Northern Europe 1.7%
United Kingdom 1.3%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 1.5%
France 0.3%
Germany 0.8%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 0.8%
Italy 0.3%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 2.4%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.6%
Other Eastern Europe 1.5%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 37.8%
Eastern Asia 12.2%
China 7.9%
China, excluding Taiwan 6.3%
Taiwan 1.6%
Japan 1.0%
Korea 3.2%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 7.3%
India 4.2%
Iran 1.9%
Other South Central Asia 1.2%
Southeastern Asia 15.6%
Philippines 8.1%
Vietnam 4.8%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.6%
Western Asia 2.6%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 2.0%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 1.6%
Eastern Africa 0.5%
Northern Africa 0.5%
Western Africa 0.3%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.2%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.1%
Oceania 0.7%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.4%
Americas 53.5%
Latin America 52.1%
Caribbean 0.7%
Cuba 0.3%
Jamaica 0.1%
Other Caribbean 0.2%
Central America 49.2%
Mexico 40.8%
El Salvador 4.1%
Other Central America 4.3%
South America 2.3%
Brazil 0.3%
Colombia 0.4%
Other South America 1.6%
Northern America 1.3%
Canada 1.3%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 42.4%
1980-1989 24.7%
1990-1999 24.3%
Since 2000 8.6%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 8,864,255
Born in Africa 113,255
Born in Asia 2,918,642
Born in Europe 696,578
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 4,926,803
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 141,779
Cat28 67,131
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.3%
Born in Asia 32.9%
Born in Europe 7.9%
Born in Latin America 55.6%
Born in Northern America 1.6%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 44.3%
Country #2 7.5%
Country #3 4.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 6,194,042
Born in Africa 65,864
Born in Asia 2,000,601
Born in Europe 672,264
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,259,414
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 151,023
Cat21 44,876
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 El Salvador
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.1%
Born in Asia 32.3%
Born in Europe 10.9%
Born in Latin America 52.6%
Born in Northern America 2.4%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 38.0%
Country #2 7.5%
Country #3 4.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 10,512,399
Naturalized citizens 5,154,783
Noncitizens 5,357,616
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 5,154,783
Before 1980 493,990
1980-1989 738,553
1990-1999 1,377,327
2000-2009 1,764,668
Since 2010 780,245
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 49.0%
Noncitizens 51.0%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 9.6%
1980-1989 14.3%
1990-1999 26.7%
2000-2009 34.2%
Since 2010 15.1%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 8,864,255
Naturalized citizens 3,473,266
Noncitizens 5,390,989
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.2%
Noncitizens 60.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 6,458,825
Naturalized citizens 2,017,610
Noncitizens 4,441,215
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 31.2%
Noncitizens 68.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 3,058,060
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 166,359
% married among women who gave birth
76.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
23.9%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 6,592,779
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 306,206
% married among women who gave birth 62.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 37.7%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.66
Average family size 4.04
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.65
Average family size 3.27
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 8,721,788
Only native parent(s)
4,439,792
One or more foreign-born parents
4,281,996

Child is native

3,866,449

Child is foreign born

415,547
Children under age 6 with 2,895,155
Only native parent(s)
1,592,431
One or more foreign-born parents
1,302,724

Child is native

1,246,864

Child is foreign born

55,860
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 5,826,633
Only native parent(s)
2,847,361
One or more foreign-born parents
2,979,272

Child is native

2,619,585

Child is foreign born

359,687
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

3,964,916
Only native parents 1,615,345
One or more foreign-born parents 2,349,571
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 50.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 49.1%
Child is native 44.3%
Child is foreign born 4.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 55.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 45.0%
Child is native 43.1%
Child is foreign born 1.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 48.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 51.1%
Child is native 45.0%
Child is foreign born 6.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 40.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 59.3%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 8,665,495
Only native parent(s) 4,562,505
One or more foreign-born parents 4,102,990
Child is native 3,350,480
Child is foreign born 752,510
Children under age 6 with 2,802,560
Only native parent(s) 1,451,874
One or more foreign-born parents 1,350,686
Child is native 1,246,648
Child is foreign born 104,038
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 5,862,935
Only native parent(s) 3,110,631
One or more foreign-born parents 2,752,304
Child is native 2,103,832
Child is foreign born 648,472
Children in Low-Income Families* 3,618,200
Only native parents 1,391,962
One or more foreign-born parents 2,226,238
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 52.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 47.3%
Child is native 38.7%
Child is foreign born 8.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 51.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 48.2%
Child is native 44.5%
Child is foreign born 3.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 53.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 46.9%
Child is native 35.9%
Child is foreign born 11.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 38.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 61.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 7,339,599
Only native parent(s) 4,518,986
One or more foreign-born parents 2,820,613
Child is native 2,065,919
Child is foreign born 754,694
Children under age 6 with 2,721,307
Only native parent(s) 1,688,217
One or more foreign-born parents 1,033,090
Child is native 901,882
Child is foreign born 131,208
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 4,618,292
Only native parent(s) 2,830,769
One or more foreign-born parents 1,787,523
Child is native 1,164,037
Child is foreign born 623,486
Children in Low-Income Families* 2,844,587
Only native parents 1,333,615
One or more foreign-born parents 1,510,972
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 61.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.4%
Child is native 28.1%
Child is foreign born 10.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 62.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.0%
Child is native 33.1%
Child is foreign born 4.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 61.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.7%
Child is native 25.2%
Child is foreign born 13.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 46.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 53.1%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2014 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.