E.g., 07/28/2014
E.g., 07/28/2014

State Demographics Data - CA

California

Demographics & Social
2012
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 10,300,832
% Foreign Born 27.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 16.2%
% change: 1990-2000 37.2%
Race (%)  
One race 97.7%
White
43.9%
Black or African American
1.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
31.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.3%
Other race
19.9%
Two or more races 2.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 5,348,522
% Latino 51.9%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.4%
5-17 4.4%
18-64 81.0%
65 and older 14.3%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

44.4
Gender (% female) 51.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.6%
Married 59.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 27,740,598
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 10.9%
% change: 1990-2000 7.3%
Race (%)  
One race 94.8%
White 68.9%
Black or African American 7.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.9%
Asian 6.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.4%
Other race 10.3%
Two or more races 5.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 9,189,139
% Latino 33.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 9.0%
5-17 22.5%
18-64 57.2%
65 and older 11.3%
Median Age 29.4
Gender (% female) 49.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 42.5%
Married 39.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.9%
Foreign Born
Number 8,864,255
% Foreign Born 26.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 25,007,393
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 6,458,825
% Foreign Born 21.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 23,301,196
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

10,300,832
Born in Africa 166,562
Born in Asia 3,805,595
Born in Europe 671,205
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5,450,684
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 130,184
Born in Oceania 76,602
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

10,300,832
Europe 671,205
Northern Europe 167,823
United Kingdom
123,150
Ireland
18,720
Other Northern Europe
25,953
Western Europe 159,764
France
36,338
Germany
84,734
Other Western Europe
38,692
Southern Europe 85,201
Italy
30,482
Portugal
28,155
Other Southern Europe
26,564
Eastern Europe 257,739
Poland
21,330
Russia
64,905
Other Eastern Europe
171,504
Other Europe (no country specified) 678
Asia 3,805,595
Eastern Asia 1,229,386
China
775,080

China, excluding Taiwan

604,910

Taiwan

170,170
Japan
103,333
Korea
346,722
Other Eastern Asia
4,251
South Central Asia 707,462
India
382,852
Iran
210,093
Other South Central Asia
114,517
Southeastern Asia 1,603,167
Philippines
833,609
Vietnam
498,883
Other Southeastern Asia
270,675
Western Asia 255,940
Israel
32,094
Lebanon
32,629
Other Western Asia
191,217
Other Asia (no country specified) 9,640
Africa 166,562
Eastern Africa 56,247
Northern Africa
51,862
Western Africa
31,448
Middle and Southern Africa
18,861
Other Africa (no country specified)
8,144
Oceania 76,602
Australia and New Zealand subregion 30,189
Oceania (no country specified) 46,413
Americas 5,580,868
Latin America 5,450,684
Caribbean
72,389

Cuba

34,679

Jamaica

13,522

Other Caribbean

24,188
Central America
5,121,243

Mexico

4,260,317

El Salvador

417,919

Other Central America

443,007
South America
257,052

Brazil

35,146

Colombia

45,674

Other South America

176,232
Northern America 130,184
Canada
129,747
Other Northern America
437
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 4,567,408
1990-1999 2,669,391
2000-2009 2,596,776
Since 2010 467,257
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 1.6%
Born in Asia 36.9%
Born in Europe 6.5%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 52.9%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.3%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 41.4%
Country #2 8.1%
Country #3 5.9%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 6.5%
Northern Europe 1.6%
United Kingdom 1.2%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 1.6%
France 0.4%
Germany 0.8%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 0.8%
Italy 0.3%
Portugal 0.3%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 2.5%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.6%
Other Eastern Europe 1.7%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 36.9%
Eastern Asia 11.9%
China 7.5%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.9%
Taiwan 1.7%
Japan 1.0%
Korea 3.4%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 6.9%
India 3.7%
Iran 2.0%
Other South Central Asia 1.1%
Southeastern Asia 15.6%
Philippines 8.1%
Vietnam 4.8%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.6%
Western Asia 2.5%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 1.9%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 1.6%
Eastern Africa 0.5%
Northern Africa 0.5%
Western Africa 0.3%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.2%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.1%
Oceania 0.7%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.5%
Americas 54.2%
Latin America 52.9%
Caribbean 0.7%
Cuba 0.3%
Jamaica 0.1%
Other Caribbean 0.2%
Central America 49.7%
Mexico 41.4%
El Salvador 4.1%
Other Central America 4.3%
South America 2.5%
Brazil 0.3%
Colombia 0.4%
Other South America 1.7%
Northern America 1.3%
Canada 1.3%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 44.3%
1980-1989 25.9%
1990-1999 25.2%
Since 2000 4.5%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 8,864,255
Born in Africa 113,255
Born in Asia 2,918,642
Born in Europe 696,578
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 4,926,803
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 141,779
Cat28 67,131
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.3%
Born in Asia 32.9%
Born in Europe 7.9%
Born in Latin America 55.6%
Born in Northern America 1.6%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 44.3%
Country #2 7.5%
Country #3 4.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 6,194,042
Born in Africa 65,864
Born in Asia 2,000,601
Born in Europe 672,264
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,259,414
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 151,023
Cat21 44,876
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 El Salvador
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.1%
Born in Asia 32.3%
Born in Europe 10.9%
Born in Latin America 52.6%
Born in Northern America 2.4%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 38.0%
Country #2 7.5%
Country #3 4.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 10,300,832
Naturalized citizens 4,899,682
Noncitizens 5,401,150
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 4,899,682
Before 1980 514,649
1980-1989 727,925
1990-1999 1,382,906
2000-2009 1,825,132
Since 2010 449,070
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 47.6%
Noncitizens 52.4%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 10.5%
1980-1989 14.9%
1990-1999 28.2%
2000-2009 37.3%
Since 2010 9.2%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 8,864,255
Naturalized citizens 3,473,266
Noncitizens 5,390,989
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.2%
Noncitizens 60.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 6,458,825
Naturalized citizens 2,017,610
Noncitizens 4,441,215
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 31.2%
Noncitizens 68.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 3,127,077
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 189,041
% married among women who gave birth
75.8%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
24.2%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 6,439,638
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 316,390
% married among women who gave birth 61.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 38.4%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.71
Average family size 4.09
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.61
Average family size 3.25
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.

 
Children under age 18 with 8,811,331
Only native parent(s)
4,376,166
One or more foreign-born parents
4,435,165

Child is native

3,995,114

Child is foreign born

440,051
Children under age 6 with 2,942,198
Only native parent(s)
1,549,680
One or more foreign-born parents
1,392,518

Child is native

1,348,077

Child is foreign born

44,441
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 5,869,133
Only native parent(s)
2,826,486
One or more foreign-born parents
3,042,647

Child is native

2,647,037

Child is foreign born

395,610
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

4,133,053
Only native parents 1,651,155
One or more foreign-born parents 2,481,898
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 49.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 50.3%
Child is native 45.3%
Child is foreign born 5.0%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 52.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 47.3%
Child is native 45.8%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 48.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 51.8%
Child is native 45.1%
Child is foreign born 6.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 40.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 60.0%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 8,665,495
Only native parent(s) 4,562,505
One or more foreign-born parents 4,102,990
Child is native 3,350,480
Child is foreign born 752,510
Children under age 6 with 2,802,560
Only native parent(s) 1,451,874
One or more foreign-born parents 1,350,686
Child is native 1,246,648
Child is foreign born 104,038
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 5,862,935
Only native parent(s) 3,110,631
One or more foreign-born parents 2,752,304
Child is native 2,103,832
Child is foreign born 648,472
Children in Low-Income Families* 3,618,200
Only native parents 1,391,962
One or more foreign-born parents 2,226,238
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 52.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 47.3%
Child is native 38.7%
Child is foreign born 8.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 51.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 48.2%
Child is native 44.5%
Child is foreign born 3.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 53.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 46.9%
Child is native 35.9%
Child is foreign born 11.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 38.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 61.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 7,339,599
Only native parent(s) 4,518,986
One or more foreign-born parents 2,820,613
Child is native 2,065,919
Child is foreign born 754,694
Children under age 6 with 2,721,307
Only native parent(s) 1,688,217
One or more foreign-born parents 1,033,090
Child is native 901,882
Child is foreign born 131,208
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 4,618,292
Only native parent(s) 2,830,769
One or more foreign-born parents 1,787,523
Child is native 1,164,037
Child is foreign born 623,486
Children in Low-Income Families* 2,844,587
Only native parents 1,333,615
One or more foreign-born parents 1,510,972
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 61.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.4%
Child is native 28.1%
Child is foreign born 10.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 62.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.0%
Child is native 33.1%
Child is foreign born 4.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 61.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.7%
Child is native 25.2%
Child is foreign born 13.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 46.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 53.1%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.