E.g., 09/22/2017
E.g., 09/22/2017

State Demographics Data - AR

Arkansas

Demographics & Social
2015
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 142,841
% Foreign Born 4.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 93.8%
% change: 1990-2000 196.3%
Race (%)  
One race 98.1%
White
50.7%
Black or African American
2.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.5%
Asian
21.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
2.8%
Other race
20.1%
Two or more races 1.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 85,135
% Latino 59.6%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.7%
5-17 7.6%
18-64 83.0%
65 and older 8.8%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

38.5
Gender (% female) 48.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.4%
Married 63.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 12.3%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 2,835,363
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 9.1%
% change: 1990-2000 11.8%
Race (%)  
One race 97.8%
White 78.8%
Black or African American 16.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.7%
Asian 0.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 1.3%
Two or more races 2.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 122,608
% Latino 4.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.6%
5-17 17.9%
18-64 59.1%
65 and older 16.4%
Median Age 37.8
Gender (% female) 51.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 27.6%
Married 49.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 23.0%
Foreign Born
Number 73,690
% Foreign Born 2.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 2,599,710
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 24,867
% Foreign Born 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 2,325,858
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

142,841
Born in Africa 3,399
Born in Asia 34,720
Born in Europe 9,831
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 87,571
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,727
Born in Oceania 4,593
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 El Salvador
Country #3 India
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

142,841
Europe 9,831
Northern Europe 2,687
United Kingdom
1,962
Ireland
522
Other Northern Europe
203
Western Europe 3,391
France
549
Germany
2,493
Other Western Europe
349
Southern Europe 501
Italy
139
Portugal
21
Other Southern Europe
341
Eastern Europe 3,252
Poland
628
Russia
405
Other Eastern Europe
2,219
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 34,720
Eastern Asia 8,558
China
5,098

China, excluding Taiwan

4,060

Taiwan

1,038
Japan
2,020
Korea
1,440
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 12,599
India
9,669
Iran
221
Other South Central Asia
2,709
Southeastern Asia 12,193
Philippines
2,199
Vietnam
4,190
Other Southeastern Asia
5,804
Western Asia 1,344
Israel
55
Lebanon
127
Other Western Asia
1,162
Other Asia (no country specified) 26
Africa 3,399
Eastern Africa 385
Northern Africa
1,057
Western Africa
1,046
Middle and Southern Africa
860
Other Africa (no country specified)
51
Oceania 4,593
Australia and New Zealand subregion 473
Oceania (no country specified) 4,120
Americas 90,298
Latin America 87,571
Caribbean
1,870

Cuba

400

Jamaica

202

Other Caribbean

1,268
Central America
81,593

Mexico

55,263

El Salvador

16,636

Other Central America

9,694
South America
4,108

Brazil

192

Colombia

1,093

Other South America

2,823
Northern America 2,727
Canada
2,676
Other Northern America
51
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 33,900
1990-1999 32,135
2000-2009 53,456
Since 2010 23,350
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 2.4%
Born in Asia 24.3%
Born in Europe 6.9%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 61.3%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.9%
Born in Oceania 3.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 50.0%
Country #2 7.2%
Country #3 6.8%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 6.9%
Northern Europe 1.9%
United Kingdom 1.4%
Ireland 0.4%
Other Northern Europe 0.1%
Western Europe 2.4%
France 0.4%
Germany 1.7%
Other Western Europe 0.2%
Southern Europe 0.4%
Italy 0.1%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.2%
Eastern Europe 2.3%
Poland 0.4%
Russia 0.3%
Other Eastern Europe 1.6%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 24.3%
Eastern Asia 6.0%
China 3.6%
China, excluding Taiwan 2.8%
Taiwan 0.7%
Japan 1.4%
Korea 1.0%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 8.8%
India 6.8%
Iran 0.2%
Other South Central Asia 1.9%
Southeastern Asia 8.5%
Philippines 1.5%
Vietnam 2.9%
Other Southeastern Asia 4.1%
Western Asia 0.9%
Israel 0.0%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 0.8%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 2.4%
Eastern Africa 0.3%
Northern Africa 0.7%
Western Africa 0.7%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.6%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.0%
Oceania 3.2%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 2.9%
Americas 63.2%
Latin America 61.3%
Caribbean 1.3%
Cuba 0.3%
Jamaica 0.1%
Other Caribbean 0.9%
Central America 57.1%
Mexico 38.7%
El Salvador 11.6%
Other Central America 6.8%
South America 2.9%
Brazil 0.1%
Colombia 0.8%
Other South America 2.0%
Northern America 1.9%
Canada 1.9%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 23.7%
1980-1989 22.5%
1990-1999 37.4%
Since 2000 16.3%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 73,690
Born in Africa 1,503
Born in Asia 15,846
Born in Europe 10,028
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 43,309
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1,839
Cat28 1,165
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 El Salvador
Country #3 Germany
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.0%
Born in Asia 21.5%
Born in Europe 13.6%
Born in Latin America 58.8%
Born in Northern America 2.5%
Born in Oceania 1.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 45.7%
Country #2 6.1%
Country #3 4.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 23,851
Born in Africa 651
Born in Asia 9,035
Born in Europe 7,847
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 4,571
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1,431
Cat21 316
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 United Kingdom
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.7%
Born in Asia 37.9%
Born in Europe 32.9%
Born in Latin America 19.2%
Born in Northern America 6.0%
Born in Oceania 1.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 11.3%
Country #2 10.9%
Country #3 8.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 142,841
Naturalized citizens 47,232
Noncitizens 95,609
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 47,232
Before 1980 4,715
1980-1989 3,675
1990-1999 8,278
2000-2009 18,928
Since 2010 11,636
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 33.1%
Noncitizens 66.9%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 10.0%
1980-1989 7.8%
1990-1999 17.5%
2000-2009 40.1%
Since 2010 24.6%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 73,690
Naturalized citizens 22,055
Noncitizens 51,635
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 29.9%
Noncitizens 70.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 24,867
Naturalized citizens 12,121
Noncitizens 12,746
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 48.7%
Noncitizens 51.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 46,720
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 3,494
% married among women who gave birth
67.7%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
32.3%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 639,928
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 38,323
% married among women who gave birth 61.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 38.9%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.45
Average family size 3.83
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.48
Average family size 3.05
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 648,293
Only native parent(s)
572,737
One or more foreign-born parents
75,556

Child is native

66,090

Child is foreign born

9,466
Children under age 6 with 211,848
Only native parent(s)
186,305
One or more foreign-born parents
25,543

Child is native

23,817

Child is foreign born

1,726
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 436,445
Only native parent(s)
386,432
One or more foreign-born parents
50,013

Child is native

42,273

Child is foreign born

7,740
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

337,714
Only native parents 287,457
One or more foreign-born parents 50,257
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.7%
Child is native 10.2%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.1%
Child is native 11.2%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.5%
Child is native 9.7%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 85.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 635,371
Only native parent(s) 601,852
One or more foreign-born parents 33,519
Child is native 25,616
Child is foreign born 7,903
Children under age 6 with 205,272
Only native parent(s) 191,855
One or more foreign-born parents 13,417
Child is native 11,602
Child is foreign born 1,815
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 430,099
Only native parent(s) 409,997
One or more foreign-born parents 20,102
Child is native 14,014
Child is foreign born 6,088
Children in Low-Income Families* 305,897
Only native parents 286,039
One or more foreign-born parents 19,858
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.3%
Child is native 4.0%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.5%
Child is native 5.7%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.7%
Child is native 3.3%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 93.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 591,363
Only native parent(s) 578,954
One or more foreign-born parents 12,409
Child is native 9,984
Child is foreign born 2,425
Children under age 6 with 192,934
Only native parent(s) 188,831
One or more foreign-born parents 4,103
Child is native 3,840
Child is foreign born 263
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 398,429
Only native parent(s) 390,123
One or more foreign-born parents 8,306
Child is native 6,144
Child is foreign born 2,162
Children in Low-Income Families* 316,251
Only native parents 310,248
One or more foreign-born parents 6,003
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.1%
Child is native 1.7%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.1%
Child is native 2.0%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.1%
Child is native 1.5%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 98.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.