E.g., 06/26/2016
E.g., 06/26/2016

State Demographics Data - AL

Alabama

Demographics & Social
2014
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 157,356
% Foreign Born 3.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2014 79.3%
% change: 1990-2000 101.6%
Race (%)  
One race 97.6%
White
43.6%
Black or African American
6.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
26.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
20.3%
Two or more races 2.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 72,886
% Latino 46.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.4%
5-17 7.8%
18-64 81.3%
65 and older 10.5%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

38.1
Gender (% female) 50.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 28.0%
Married 57.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.5%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 4,692,021
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 7.6%
% change: 1990-2000 9.1%
Race (%)  
One race 98.3%
White 69.3%
Black or African American 27.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.5%
Asian 0.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.8%
Two or more races 1.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 119,527
% Latino 2.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.2%
5-17 17.2%
18-64 61.1%
65 and older 15.6%
Median Age 38.6
Gender (% female) 51.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 30.3%
Married 47.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 22.5%
Foreign Born
Number 87,772
% Foreign Born 2.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 4,359,328
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 43,533
% Foreign Born 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 3,997,054
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

157,356
Born in Africa 7,114
Born in Asia 48,384
Born in Europe 17,262
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 79,739
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4,132
Born in Oceania 725
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 Korea
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

157,356
Europe 17,262
Northern Europe 3,656
United Kingdom
2,814
Ireland
431
Other Northern Europe
411
Western Europe 8,167
France
863
Germany
6,606
Other Western Europe
698
Southern Europe 1,765
Italy
728
Portugal
90
Other Southern Europe
947
Eastern Europe 3,674
Poland
555
Russia
1,312
Other Eastern Europe
1,807
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 48,384
Eastern Asia 21,505
China
10,361

China, excluding Taiwan

9,203

Taiwan

1,158
Japan
1,666
Korea
9,478
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 10,409
India
6,365
Iran
858
Other South Central Asia
3,186
Southeastern Asia 11,948
Philippines
3,895
Vietnam
4,961
Other Southeastern Asia
3,092
Western Asia 4,462
Israel
777
Lebanon
332
Other Western Asia
3,353
Other Asia (no country specified) 60
Africa 7,114
Eastern Africa 1,726
Northern Africa
1,236
Western Africa
3,130
Middle and Southern Africa
290
Other Africa (no country specified)
732
Oceania 725
Australia and New Zealand subregion 634
Oceania (no country specified) 91
Americas 83,871
Latin America 79,739
Caribbean
7,697

Cuba

2,239

Jamaica

1,253

Other Caribbean

4,205
Central America
65,536

Mexico

50,069

El Salvador

2,486

Other Central America

12,981
South America
6,506

Brazil

733

Colombia

1,618

Other South America

4,155
Northern America 4,132
Canada
3,678
Other Northern America
454
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 37,141
1990-1999 37,070
2000-2009 60,693
Since 2010 22,452
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 4.5%
Born in Asia 30.7%
Born in Europe 11.0%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 50.7%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.6%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 34.0%
Country #2 6.5%
Country #3 5.6%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 11.0%
Northern Europe 2.3%
United Kingdom 1.8%
Ireland 0.3%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 5.2%
France 0.5%
Germany 4.2%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 1.1%
Italy 0.5%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.6%
Eastern Europe 2.3%
Poland 0.4%
Russia 0.8%
Other Eastern Europe 1.1%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 30.7%
Eastern Asia 13.7%
China 6.6%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.8%
Taiwan 0.7%
Japan 1.1%
Korea 6.0%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 6.6%
India 4.0%
Iran 0.5%
Other South Central Asia 2.0%
Southeastern Asia 7.6%
Philippines 2.5%
Vietnam 3.2%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.0%
Western Asia 2.8%
Israel 0.5%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 2.1%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 4.5%
Eastern Africa 1.1%
Northern Africa 0.8%
Western Africa 2.0%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.2%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.5%
Oceania 0.5%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.4%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 53.3%
Latin America 50.7%
Caribbean 4.9%
Cuba 1.4%
Jamaica 0.8%
Other Caribbean 2.7%
Central America 41.6%
Mexico 31.8%
El Salvador 1.6%
Other Central America 8.2%
South America 4.1%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 1.0%
Other South America 2.6%
Northern America 2.6%
Canada 2.3%
Other Northern America 0.3%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 23.6%
1980-1989 23.6%
1990-1999 38.6%
Since 2000 14.3%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 87,772
Born in Africa 3,662
Born in Asia 26,235
Born in Europe 18,415
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 35,574
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,352
Cat28 529
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 India
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.2%
Born in Asia 29.9%
Born in Europe 21.0%
Born in Latin America 40.5%
Born in Northern America 3.8%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 26.5%
Country #2 8.4%
Country #3 4.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 41,426
Born in Africa 1,813
Born in Asia 17,294
Born in Europe 13,972
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5,414
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,658
Cat21 275
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Germany
Country #2 United Kingdom
Country #3 Canada
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.4%
Born in Asia 41.7%
Born in Europe 33.7%
Born in Latin America 13.1%
Born in Northern America 6.4%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 13.2%
Country #2 6.2%
Country #3 5.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 157,356
Naturalized citizens 54,716
Noncitizens 102,640
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 54,716
Before 1980 9,649
1980-1989 5,455
1990-1999 11,461
2000-2009 17,541
Since 2010 10,610
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 34.8%
Noncitizens 65.2%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 17.6%
1980-1989 10.0%
1990-1999 20.9%
2000-2009 32.1%
Since 2010 19.4%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 87,772
Naturalized citizens 32,200
Noncitizens 55,572
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 36.7%
Noncitizens 63.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 43,533
Naturalized citizens 21,391
Noncitizens 22,142
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 49.1%
Noncitizens 50.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 48,340
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 4,395
% married among women who gave birth
87.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
12.7%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,107,847
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 54,495
% married among women who gave birth 55.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 44.1%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.28
Average family size 3.74
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.55
Average family size 3.16
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,036,087
Only native parent(s)
956,723
One or more foreign-born parents
79,364

Child is native

69,304

Child is foreign born

10,060
Children under age 6 with 330,483
Only native parent(s)
301,586
One or more foreign-born parents
28,897

Child is native

28,080

Child is foreign born

817
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 705,604
Only native parent(s)
655,137
One or more foreign-born parents
50,467

Child is native

41,224

Child is foreign born

9,243
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

520,447
Only native parents 471,126
One or more foreign-born parents 49,321
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.7%
Child is native 6.7%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.7%
Child is native 8.5%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.2%
Child is native 5.8%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 90.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,059,242
Only native parent(s) 1,023,154
One or more foreign-born parents 36,088
Child is native 28,910
Child is foreign born 7,178
Children under age 6 with 339,918
Only native parent(s) 326,467
One or more foreign-born parents 13,451
Child is native 11,859
Child is foreign born 1,592
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 719,324
Only native parent(s) 696,687
One or more foreign-born parents 22,637
Child is native 17,051
Child is foreign born 5,586
Children in Low-Income Families* 467,040
Only native parents 450,841
One or more foreign-born parents 16,199
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.4%
Child is native 2.7%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.0%
Child is native 3.5%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.1%
Child is native 2.4%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 96.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,002,651
Only native parent(s) 982,040
One or more foreign-born parents 20,611
Child is native 17,503
Child is foreign born 3,108
Children under age 6 with 325,144
Only native parent(s) 317,763
One or more foreign-born parents 7,381
Child is native 6,907
Child is foreign born 474
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 677,507
Only native parent(s) 664,277
One or more foreign-born parents 13,230
Child is native 10,596
Child is foreign born 2,634
Children in Low-Income Families* 478,701
Only native parents 471,892
One or more foreign-born parents 6,809
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.1%
Child is native 1.7%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 2.1%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.0%
Child is native 1.6%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 98.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.4%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2014 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.