E.g., 02/23/2017
E.g., 02/23/2017

State Demographics Data - AL

Alabama

Demographics & Social
2015
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 169,972
% Foreign Born 3.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 93.7%
% change: 1990-2000 101.6%
Race (%)  
One race 98.1%
White
46.1%
Black or African American
9.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.5%
Asian
24.9%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
1.0%
Other race
16.3%
Two or more races 1.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 81,143
% Latino 47.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.2%
5-17 8.1%
18-64 81.1%
65 and older 9.6%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

37.9
Gender (% female) 47.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 27.9%
Married 57.1%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 15.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 4,689,007
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 7.6%
% change: 1990-2000 9.1%
Race (%)  
One race 98.2%
White 69.3%
Black or African American 27.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.4%
Asian 0.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 0.6%
Two or more races 1.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 111,727
% Latino 2.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.0%
5-17 17.3%
18-64 60.8%
65 and older 15.9%
Median Age 38.7
Gender (% female) 51.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 31.3%
Married 46.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 22.5%
Foreign Born
Number 87,772
% Foreign Born 2.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
U.S. Born
Number 4,359,328
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Foreign Born
Number 43,533
% Foreign Born 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 3,997,054
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

169,972
Born in Africa 9,621
Born in Asia 47,701
Born in Europe 20,758
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 88,111
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,681
Born in Oceania 1,100
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 Korea
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

169,972
Europe 20,758
Northern Europe 5,653
United Kingdom
5,115
Ireland
369
Other Northern Europe
169
Western Europe 9,559
France
757
Germany
7,754
Other Western Europe
1,048
Southern Europe 1,551
Italy
367
Portugal
183
Other Southern Europe
1,001
Eastern Europe 3,995
Poland
5
Russia
1,265
Other Eastern Europe
2,725
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 47,701
Eastern Asia 17,904
China
7,515

China, excluding Taiwan

6,968

Taiwan

547
Japan
1,742
Korea
8,647
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 13,927
India
8,457
Iran
821
Other South Central Asia
4,649
Southeastern Asia 13,351
Philippines
5,159
Vietnam
4,470
Other Southeastern Asia
3,722
Western Asia 2,259
Israel
0
Lebanon
157
Other Western Asia
2,102
Other Asia (no country specified) 260
Africa 9,621
Eastern Africa 2,828
Northern Africa
1,532
Western Africa
2,280
Middle and Southern Africa
1,829
Other Africa (no country specified)
1,152
Oceania 1,100
Australia and New Zealand subregion 468
Oceania (no country specified) 632
Americas 90,792
Latin America 88,111
Caribbean
6,737

Cuba

812

Jamaica

1,813

Other Caribbean

4,112
Central America
75,445

Mexico

53,484

El Salvador

2,520

Other Central America

19,441
South America
5,929

Brazil

623

Colombia

1,243

Other South America

4,063
Northern America 2,681
Canada
2,529
Other Northern America
152
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 41,241
1990-1999 34,802
2000-2009 58,755
Since 2010 35,174
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 5.7%
Born in Asia 28.1%
Born in Europe 12.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 51.8%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.6%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 34.0%
Country #2 6.5%
Country #3 5.6%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 12.2%
Northern Europe 3.3%
United Kingdom 3.0%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.1%
Western Europe 5.6%
France 0.4%
Germany 4.6%
Other Western Europe 0.6%
Southern Europe 0.9%
Italy 0.2%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.6%
Eastern Europe 2.4%
Poland 0.0%
Russia 0.7%
Other Eastern Europe 1.6%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 28.1%
Eastern Asia 10.5%
China 4.4%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.1%
Taiwan 0.3%
Japan 1.0%
Korea 5.1%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 8.2%
India 5.0%
Iran 0.5%
Other South Central Asia 2.7%
Southeastern Asia 7.9%
Philippines 3.0%
Vietnam 2.6%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.2%
Western Asia 1.3%
Israel 0.0%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 1.2%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.2%
Africa 5.7%
Eastern Africa 1.7%
Northern Africa 0.9%
Western Africa 1.3%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.1%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.7%
Oceania 0.6%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.4%
Americas 53.4%
Latin America 51.8%
Caribbean 4.0%
Cuba 0.5%
Jamaica 1.1%
Other Caribbean 2.4%
Central America 44.4%
Mexico 31.5%
El Salvador 1.5%
Other Central America 11.4%
South America 3.5%
Brazil 0.4%
Colombia 0.7%
Other South America 2.4%
Northern America 1.6%
Canada 1.5%
Other Northern America 0.1%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 24.3%
1980-1989 20.5%
1990-1999 34.6%
Since 2000 20.7%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 87,772
Born in Africa 3,662
Born in Asia 26,235
Born in Europe 18,415
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 35,574
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,352
Cat28 529
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 India
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.2%
Born in Asia 29.9%
Born in Europe 21.0%
Born in Latin America 40.5%
Born in Northern America 3.8%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 26.5%
Country #2 8.4%
Country #3 4.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 41,426
Born in Africa 1,813
Born in Asia 17,294
Born in Europe 13,972
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5,414
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,658
Cat21 275
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Germany
Country #2 United Kingdom
Country #3 Canada
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.4%
Born in Asia 41.7%
Born in Europe 33.7%
Born in Latin America 13.1%
Born in Northern America 6.4%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 13.2%
Country #2 6.2%
Country #3 5.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 169,972
Naturalized citizens 61,631
Noncitizens 108,341
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 61,631
Before 1980 8,780
1980-1989 9,279
1990-1999 10,958
2000-2009 17,658
Since 2010 14,956
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 36.3%
Noncitizens 63.7%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 14.2%
1980-1989 15.1%
1990-1999 17.8%
2000-2009 28.7%
Since 2010 24.3%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 87,772
Naturalized citizens 32,200
Noncitizens 55,572
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 36.7%
Noncitizens 63.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 43,533
Naturalized citizens 21,391
Noncitizens 22,142
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 49.1%
Noncitizens 50.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 51,384
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 4,214
% married among women who gave birth
76.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
23.4%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,106,913
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 55,160
% married among women who gave birth 54.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 45.6%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.28
Average family size 3.96
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.54
Average family size 3.17
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,028,773
Only native parent(s)
944,062
One or more foreign-born parents
84,711

Child is native

73,710

Child is foreign born

11,001
Children under age 6 with 327,591
Only native parent(s)
298,356
One or more foreign-born parents
29,235

Child is native

27,077

Child is foreign born

2,158
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 701,182
Only native parent(s)
645,706
One or more foreign-born parents
55,476

Child is native

46,633

Child is foreign born

8,843
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

496,896
Only native parents 441,262
One or more foreign-born parents 55,634
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.2%
Child is native 7.2%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.9%
Child is native 8.3%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.9%
Child is native 6.7%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 88.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,059,242
Only native parent(s) 1,023,154
One or more foreign-born parents 36,088
Child is native 28,910
Child is foreign born 7,178
Children under age 6 with 339,918
Only native parent(s) 326,467
One or more foreign-born parents 13,451
Child is native 11,859
Child is foreign born 1,592
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 719,324
Only native parent(s) 696,687
One or more foreign-born parents 22,637
Child is native 17,051
Child is foreign born 5,586
Children in Low-Income Families* 467,040
Only native parents 450,841
One or more foreign-born parents 16,199
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.4%
Child is native 2.7%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.0%
Child is native 3.5%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.1%
Child is native 2.4%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 96.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,002,651
Only native parent(s) 982,040
One or more foreign-born parents 20,611
Child is native 17,503
Child is foreign born 3,108
Children under age 6 with 325,144
Only native parent(s) 317,763
One or more foreign-born parents 7,381
Child is native 6,907
Child is foreign born 474
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 677,507
Only native parent(s) 664,277
One or more foreign-born parents 13,230
Child is native 10,596
Child is foreign born 2,634
Children in Low-Income Families* 478,701
Only native parents 471,892
One or more foreign-born parents 6,809
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.1%
Child is native 1.7%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 2.1%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.0%
Child is native 1.6%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 98.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.4%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.