E.g., 04/19/2014
E.g., 04/19/2014

Country Resource - Ethiopia

Ethiopia

ET
  • Population*......................................................................76,511,887 (July 2007 est.)*
  • Population growth rate ..............................................................2.3% (2007 est.)
  • Birth rate....................................................37.39 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
  • Death rate.................................................14.67 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
  • Net migration rate...............................0 migrant(s)/1,000 population**
  • Ethnic groups...........Oromo 32.1%, Amhara 30.1%, Tigraway 6.2%, Somali 5.9%, Guragie 4.3%, Sidama 3.5%, Welaita 2.4%, other 15.4% (1994 census)

CIA World Factbook

While Ethiopians have long followed seasonal migration patterns within the Horn of Africa, it was only after the political upheavals of the 1970s that they began to settle in the West, as MPI's Aaron Matteo Terrazas reports.

Recent Activity

Development practitioners have long been aware of the change-making potential of diasporas, but only recently have begun to design programs that convert their latent talent and enthusiasm into results. This article by Tedla W. Giorgis and Aaron Terrazas examines the Ethiopian Diaspora Volunteer Program (EDVP) as a powerful example of how diasporas, donors, and developing countries work together to build from individual strengths and address common challenges facing the developing world.

Numerous researchers and organizations have predicted that climate change will trigger historically unprecedented waves of mass migration. MPI's Carolina Fritz examines the complex links between climate change and migration, how and where these links influence current and future migration patterns, and some of the problems with predicting future flows.

While Ethiopians have long followed seasonal migration patterns within the Horn of Africa, it was only after the political upheavals of the 1970s that they began to settle in the West, as MPI's Aaron Matteo Terrazas reports.

In the early 1990s, Ethiopians who had been living in refugee camps in Sudan began to return home. As Laura C. Hammond of Clark University explains, they created a new community in an unfamiliar part of Ethiopia that is thriving 12 years later.