E.g., 09/20/2014
E.g., 09/20/2014

Country Resource - El Salvador

El Salvador

SV
  • Population..........................................................................6,125,512 (July 2014 est.)
  • Population growth rate .........................................................0.27% (July 2014 est.)
  • Birth rate................................................16.79 births/1,000 population (July 2014 est.)
  • Death rate...............................................5.67 deaths/1,000 population (July 2014 est.)
  • Net migration rate.......................................-8.44 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
  • Ethnic groups...............................mestizo 86.3%, white 12.7%, Amerindian 1% (2007 census)

CIA World Factbook

Thousands of Salvadorans fled the country during its civil war in the 1980s, many of them to the United States. The government is focused on engaging its diaspora but also must deal with immigrants from neighboring countries and issues around human trafficking.

Recent Activity

In 2004, Central American countries received US$ 7.8 billion in remittances through official channels. Are remittances hurting or helping the region? MPI’s Dovelyn Agunias investigates.

The Central America Free Trade Agreement may be the most important economic event in the region in 20 years. However, it seems unlikely to reverse established migration trends, reports Salomon Cohen.

Manuel Orozco of Inter-American Dialogue examines the increasing relevance of economic ties between diasporas and home country economies in Latin America.

Pages

Reports
August 2011

Migration to the United States from Mexico and Central America’s Northern Triangle (El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras) has accelerated in the last four decades. This increase has been driven by economic opportunities and facilitated by social networks of friends and family already in the United States.

Reports
August 2012

This report summarizes the economic and social development policy achievements of Central American countries over the past 20 years, as well as the notable obstacles to development that remain. The author identifies long-term challenges and outlines how they can be incorporated into a new development agenda.

Reports
October 2012

This report outlines the long-standing pattern of government inattention to borders in Central America's Northern Triangle – probing root causes that range from institutional, economic, and resource challenges to corruption and weak government structures.

Reports
November 2012

This report outline the long-standing pattern of northern Central American governments' inattention to their borders – probing root causes that range from institutional, economic, and resource challenges to corruption and weak government structures.

 

Pages