E.g., 02/09/2016
E.g., 02/09/2016

Country Resource - Botswana

Botswana

BW
  • Population*.....................................................................2,155,784 (July 2014 est.)
  • Population growth rate ............................................................1.26 % (2014 est.)
  • Birth rate....................................................21.34 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
  • Death rate................................................13.32 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
  • Net migration rate**............................4.62 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
  • Ethnic groups.............Tswana (or Setswana) 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, other, including Kgalagadi and white 7%

* estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected.

** there is an increasing flow of Zimbabweans into South Africa and Botswana in search of better economic opportunities (2014 est.)

CIA World Factbook

Botswana has rapidly evolved from a migrant sending country to a migrant receiving country, according to Kate Lefko-Everett of the Southern Africa Migration Project.

Recent Activity

From earthquakes to drought, natural disasters and climate change played a key role in migration flows in 2015. Climate-induced migration surfaced as a concern at the United Nations Climate Change Conference (known as COP21) as international organizations and policymakers have begun to recognize the growing challenges, and potential protection obligations, of such movement.

Botswana has rapidly evolved from a migrant sending country to a migrant receiving country, according to Kate Lefko-Everett of the Southern Africa Migration Project.