E.g., 06/24/2016
E.g., 06/24/2016

Country Resource - Austria

Austria

AT
  • Population.......................................................................8,223,062 (July 2014 est.)
  • Population growth rate .............................................................0.01% (2014 est.)
  • Birth rate....................................................8.76 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
  • Death rate...................................................10.38deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
  • Net migration rate...............................1.76 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
  • Ethnic groups.........Austrians 91.1%, former Yugoslavs 4% (includes Croatians, Slovenes, Serbs, and Bosniaks), Turks 1.6%, German 0.9%, other or unspecified 2.4% (2001 census)

CIA World Factbook

Recent policies — some more restrictive, some more liberal — reflect Austria's continuing ambivalence about immigration.

Recent Activity

Faced with a flexible, diverse, and seemingly ubiquitous smuggling industry, governments have struggled to respond. Smuggling and trafficking networks, while hardly new phenomena, were put under a harsh spotlight in 2015 for their role as intermediaries in shaping the scale and flow of migrants and asylum seekers around the world.

Citizenship came under fire in new ways around the world in 2015, with attempts to both restrict who is eligible to become a citizen and who can be deprived of citizenship. Driven by fears of international terrorism, a number of countries proposed or passed legislation making it easier to narrow citizenship and broadening the range of offenses for which individuals can be stripped of their citizenship.

The language of migration and development—remittances, diaspora, brain drain, circular migration—has become standard among researchers and NGOs interested in development issues. In 2007, that language formally became part of the migration policy agenda, particularly in Europe.
A new law passed by Austria could make it more difficult to seek asylum in Austria, according to Veysel Oezcan of Humboldt University Berlin.
Recent policies — some more restrictive, some more liberal — reflect Austria's continuing ambivalence about immigration.
A government measure barring some asylum seekers from access to federal benefits has provoked sparring among Austria's political parties.