E.g., 09/30/2014
E.g., 09/30/2014

Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) Profile: Virginia

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Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) Profile: Virginia

Total

Immediately Eligible (ages 15 and over)

Immediately eligible for DACA: enrolled in school or have at least a high school degree or General Equivalency Diploma.

Eligible but for Education (ages 15 and over)

Not eligible for DACA due to education: lack a high school degree and not enrolled.

Eligible in the Future (under age 15)

Will age into eligibility after 15th birthday.

Total (number)

46,000

28,000

7,000

11,000

Data are provided only for origin countries with large enough samples to generate reliable estimates.

Top Countries of Birth (%)

El Salvador

21

21

31

18

Mexico

19

15

41

15

Korea

7

9

-

6

Honduras

7

6

13

-

Bolivia

5

5

-

-

Data are provided only for regions with large enough samples to generate reliable estimates.

Regions of Birth (%)

Central America (includes Mexico)

52

47

91

40

Caribbean

-

-

-

-

South America

13

15

2

16

Europe/Canada/Oceania

6

6

-

8

Asia

21

23

-

25

Africa

8

9

-

9

Age (%)

Under 9

5

-

-

22

9 to 12

11

-

-

45

13 to 14

8

-

-

33

15 to 17

17

26

-

-

18 to 21

25

34

33

-

22 to 26

23

28

38

-

27 to 30

11

12

24

-

Gender (% female)

42

42

38

44

Educational Attainment and School Enrollment (%)

Less than 9th grade

33

5

38

99

9-12th grades

28

31

62

-

High school diploma, not enrolled in college

21

34

-

-

High school diploma, enrolled in college

13

21

-

-

Associate's degree

-

-

-

-

Bachelor's degree or higher

-

-

-

-

English Proficiency (%)

Limited English proficient

34

30

72

20

Data are provided only for languages with large enough samples to generate reliable estimates.

Top Languages Spoken at Home (%)

Spanish

61

58

89

52

English

11

11

-

15

Korean

7

9

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Employment

Population ages 16 and older

32,000

25,000

7,000

-

Employed (%)

56

54

64

-

Income as Share of Federal Poverty Level (%)

Below 100% of the poverty level

24

22

32

26

100% to 199% of the poverty level

29

27

34

33

At or above 200% of the poverty level

46

51

34

41

Notes: Our estimates of the DACA-eligible population include unauthorized immigrant youth who had been in the United States for at least five years, were under the age of 16 at the time of their arrival, and were under the age of 31 at the time of the survey (2008 through 2012 depending on the survey year). Immediately eligible youth met both age and educational criteria (i.e., they were ages 15 to 30 and were either enrolled in school or had at least a high school diploma or its equivalent at the time of the survey). Youth eligible but for education were those ages 15 to 30 who did not have a high school diploma or equivalent and were not enrolled in school at the time of the survey. Children eligible in the future met the age-at-arrival requirements but were not yet 15 years old at the time of the survey, and will age into eligibility provided they stay in school. Eligibility due to adult education enrollment and ineligibility due to criminal history or lack of continuous U.S. presence were not modeled due to lack of data. The estimates have error ranges based on sampling in the American Community Survey and our method for assigning legal status to immigrants. For error ranges on these estimates, see http://migrationpolicy.org/sites/default/files/publications/DACAyouth_EstimatesRanges_ACS2008-12_SEC.xlsx. Percentages may not add up to 100 due to rounding.

“-“ estimates are zero, not applicable, or not displayed due to small sample size.

Source: Migration Policy Institute analysis of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s pooled 2008-12 American Community Survey (ACS) and the 2008 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) by James Bachmeier of Temple University and Jennifer Van Hook of The Pennsylvania State University, Population Research Institute (PRI).