E.g., 09/30/2014
E.g., 09/30/2014

Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) Profile: Pennsylvania

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Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) Profile: Pennsylvania

Total

Immediately Eligible (ages 15 and over)

Immediately eligible for DACA: enrolled in school or have at least a high school degree or General Equivalency Diploma.

Eligible but for Education (ages 15 and over)

Not eligible for DACA due to education: lack a high school degree and not enrolled.

Eligible in the Future (under age 15)

Will age into eligibility after 15th birthday.

Total (number)

27,000

16,000

4,000

7,000

Data are provided only for origin countries with large enough samples to generate reliable estimates.

Top Countries of Birth (%)

Mexico

34

26

59

40

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Data are provided only for regions with large enough samples to generate reliable estimates.

Regions of Birth (%)

Central America (includes Mexico)

41

33

77

42

Caribbean

-

-

-

-

South America

-

-

-

-

Europe/Canada/Oceania

10

13

2

-

Asia

24

27

-

22

Africa

11

12

1

15

Age (%)

Under 9

-

-

-

-

9 to 12

11

-

-

44

13 to 14

-

-

-

-

15 to 17

18

27

-

-

18 to 21

29

41

28

-

22 to 26

21

25

45

-

27 to 30

-

-

-

-

Gender (% female)

44

44

32

49

Educational Attainment and School Enrollment (%)

Less than 9th grade

33

6

34

99

9-12th grades

25

26

66

1

High school diploma, not enrolled in college

19

32

-

-

High school diploma, enrolled in college

17

27

-

-

Associate's degree

-

-

-

-

Bachelor's degree or higher

-

-

-

-

English Proficiency (%)

Limited English proficient

34

26

75

31

Data are provided only for languages with large enough samples to generate reliable estimates.

Top Languages Spoken at Home (%)

Spanish

47

40

81

45

English

18

20

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Employment

Population ages 16 and older

18,000

15,000

3,000

-

Employed (%)

46

44

58

-

Income as Share of Federal Poverty Level (%)

Below 100% of the poverty level

39

38

34

43

100% to 199% of the poverty level

28

28

31

28

At or above 200% of the poverty level

33

34

35

29

Notes: Our estimates of the DACA-eligible population include unauthorized immigrant youth who had been in the United States for at least five years, were under the age of 16 at the time of their arrival, and were under the age of 31 at the time of the survey (2008 through 2012 depending on the survey year). Immediately eligible youth met both age and educational criteria (i.e., they were ages 15 to 30 and were either enrolled in school or had at least a high school diploma or its equivalent at the time of the survey). Youth eligible but for education were those ages 15 to 30 who did not have a high school diploma or equivalent and were not enrolled in school at the time of the survey. Children eligible in the future met the age-at-arrival requirements but were not yet 15 years old at the time of the survey, and will age into eligibility provided they stay in school. Eligibility due to adult education enrollment and ineligibility due to criminal history or lack of continuous U.S. presence were not modeled due to lack of data. The estimates have error ranges based on sampling in the American Community Survey and our method for assigning legal status to immigrants. For error ranges on these estimates, see http://migrationpolicy.org/sites/default/files/publications/DACAyouth_EstimatesRanges_ACS2008-12_SEC.xlsx. Percentages may not add up to 100 due to rounding.

“-“ estimates are zero, not applicable, or not displayed due to small sample size.

Source: Migration Policy Institute analysis of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s pooled 2008-12 American Community Survey (ACS) and the 2008 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) by James Bachmeier of Temple University and Jennifer Van Hook of The Pennsylvania State University, Population Research Institute (PRI).