THE DIASPORA HANDBOOK
Developing a Road Map for Engaging Diasporas in Development: A Handbook for Policymakers and Practitioners in Home and Host Countries
By Dovelyn Rannveig Agunias and Kathleen Newland
State governments recognize the value diaspora populations bring to development efforts worldwide. Since 2007, the Global Forum on Migration and Development has examined ways to highlight policies and programs that can magnify the resources, both human and financial, that emigrants and their descendants contribute to development. This handbook continues that effort on the basis of earlier investigations by the book’s collaborating institutions, the academic and policy literature, consultations and in-depth interviews with government officials and nongovernmental actors, and input by 62 national governments.
The handbook is divided into three major parts. Each part gives concrete examples of policies and programs that have been effective, and pulls out both useful lessons and common challenges associated with the topics at hand. The pivotal question now facing many policymakers is not so much if diasporas can benefit their countries of origin but how they do so and what kinds of government policies and programs can foster these relationships.
Part 1 (Chapters 1-3)
Part 1 (“Developing a Road Map for Effective and Sustainable Engagement”) outlines a strategic action plan for governments that seek to engage their diasporas more fully. Diaspora engagement is as much a process as an outcome. How policies, programs, and institutions are chosen and created, and how goals are achieved, are critical indicators of success. A road map included in Chapter 1 outlines the critical elements governments should consider as they design and implement diaspora-focused policies and programs. Chapter 2 focuses on capacity building and Chapter 3 examines the importance of monitoring and evaluation as a prerequisite to more effective engagement.
Chapter 1 | Chapter 2 | Chapter 3
Part 2 (Chapters 4-5)
Part 2 (“Building Institutions and Reducing Barriers”) discusses the institutional and legal frameworks that governments have established to facilitate diaspora engagement. It is divided into two chapters – one that reviews the structures that governments in 56 countries have created specifically to formalize their engagement with diasporas, the other highlighting laws and regulations that encourage spontaneous engagement by members of the diaspora with their countries of origin.
Chapter 4 | Chapter 5
Part 3 (Chapters 6-11)
Part 3 (“Creating Bridges: Six Areas of Focus for Diaspora Engagement”) identifies six program areas in which diasporas have played a central, positive role: remittances, direct investments, human capital transfers, philanthropic contributions, capital market investments, and tourism. These six chapters aim to identify the latest thinking on each programmatic area by highlighting how various programs have evolved in recent years, the challenges policymakers and practitioners have faced, and the lessons that can be drawn from their experiences.
Chapter 6 | Chapter 7 | Chapter 8 | Chapter 9| Chapter 10 | Chapter 11
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