Immigrants in a Changing Labor Market: Responding to Economic Needs
Edited by Michael Fix, Demetrios G. Papademetriou, and Madeleine Sumption
Paperpack, 208 pages
This volume, which brings together research by leading economists and labor market specialists, examines the role immigrants play in the U.S. workforce, how they fare in good and bad economic times, and the effects they have on native-born workers and the labor sectors in which they are engaged. The book traces the powerful economic forces at play in today’s globalized world and includes policy prescriptions for making the American immigration system more responsive to labor market needs.
Chapters examine employment outcomes for low-skilled, middle-skilled, and high-skilled workers; assess the economic effects of illegal immigration; trace immigrants’ trajectories in the construction, health care, hospitality, and information technology sectors; and detail the impact of immigration in recession and economic expansion.
Immigrants in a Changing Labor Market is the product of the Migration Policy Institute’s (MPI) Labor Markets Initiative, which provides a comprehensive, policy-focused review of the role of immigration in the labor market. The initiative produces detailed policy recommendations on how the United States should rethink its immigration policy in the light of what is known about the economic impact of immigration—bearing in mind the current context of the economic crisis, growing income inequality, concerns about the effect of globalization on U.S. competitiveness, the competition for highly skilled migrants, and demographic and tech-nological change.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Immigrants in a Changing Labor Market
Michael Fix, Demetrios G. Papademetriou, and Madeleine Sumption
PART ONE: What Kind of Immigration Policy Does the U.S. Economy Need?
Chapter 1: Immigration Policy and Less-Skilled Workers in the United States: Reflections on Future Directions for Reform, Harry J. Holzer
Chapter 2: The Economics of Illegal Immigration in the United States: Policy Implications, Gordon H. Hanson
Chapter 3: The Impact of Immigrants in Recession and Economic Expansion,Giovanni Peri
Chapter 4: The Elusive Idea of Labor-Market ‘Shortages’ and the U.S. Approach to Employment-Based Immigration Policy, Madeleine Sumption
PART TWO: New Barriers to Immigrant Integration in a Weak Economy
Chapter 5: How Immigrants and U.S. Natives Fare during Recessions and Recoveries, Pia M. Orrenius and Madeline Zavodny
Chapter 6: Eroding Gains: The Recession’s Impact on Immigrants in Middle-Skilled Jobs, Jeanne Batalova and Michael Fix
Discussion on Ways to Make the U.S. Immigration System Better Meet U.S. Labor Market Needs from Migration Policy Institute on Vimeo.