America's Emigrants: US Retirement Migration to Mexico and Panama
Prepared by David Dixon, Julie Murray, and Julia Gelatt, under the direction of Demetrios Papademetriou
In America's Emigrants: US Retirement Migration to Mexico and Panama, the Migration Policy Institute focuses on an often overlooked but growing migration pattern that is expected to accelerate as the baby boom generation ages.
America's Emigrants takes a detailed look at US retirement migration to two countries -- Mexico and Panama -- that have experienced particularly dramatic growth in their US senior populations in recent years. This report provides analysis of demographic data as well as findings from interviews and focus groups led by MPI researchers. It explores the number and characteristics of US seniors in Mexico and Panama and looks at US retirees' experiences in and impacts on their new communities abroad. The report gives special attention to the role of government policies - from visa policies in destination countries to health policies in the United States - in promoting or deterring international retirement migration.
Table of Contents
Prior Literature on Retirement Migration
Introduction to Mexico and Panama: Background and Policies
Estimates of the US Population in Latin America
Seniors in Mexico
Seniors in Panama
Growth in US Retiree Populations Post-2000
Retiree Experiences: Moving Abroad
Factors Considered in the Move
Deciding to Move: Process and Information Sources
Adaptation after Migration
Social or Cultural Impact